Tag Archive: Manila


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Inquirer.net

Death toll rises to 45 in storm-hit PH

05:41 PM December 20th, 2015

The death toll from two storms which battered the Philippines rose to 45 Sunday as several towns remained under water and rain kept falling in northern regions, disaster monitoring officials said.The rain was caused by a cold front, dragged into the country by Typhoon Nona (international name Melor) and Tropical Depression Onyok which hit the Philippines in succession last week.

Floods almost three meters deep covered some riverside areas north of the capital Manila as heavy rain kept falling, civil defense offices said.

“Our home has been flooded up to the waist. It has been flooded for over two days,” said Mary Jane Bautista, 35, in the industrial town of Calumpit 50 kilometers north of the capital.

Her family and several others were forced to take refuge on nearby high ground — in front of a church where their only shelter is the awning over the entrance.

“My husband has to wade through the waters to go home to get supplies. If we need water, he has to go to the faucet in our kitchen,” she told AFP, expressing fears the current could wash him away.

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by Staff Writers
Manila (AFP) March 13, 2014


The incident took place at Second Thomas Shoal in the Spratly island group, which is around 200 kilometres (125 miles) from the western Philippine island of Palawan and which Manila insists is part of its continental shelf.

 

The Philippine military said Thursday it had evaded a Chinese sea blockade by using an airplane to drop food to soldiers on a tiny and remote South China Sea shoal claimed by both countries.

The incident was the latest to escalate tensions between the Asian nations over their conflicting claims to parts of the South China Sea, a major sealane and rich fishing ground that is believed to hold vast mineral resources.

“We confirmed there was an airdrop of food to our troops,” Defence Department spokesman Peter Paul Galvez said.

He said the airdrop was “via airplane,” but did not say when it occurred nor give further details.

The incident took place at Second Thomas Shoal in the Spratly island group, which is around 200 kilometres (125 miles) from the western Philippine island of Palawan and which Manila insists is part of its continental shelf.

The shoal is more than 1,000 kilometres from Hainan island, the closest Chinese landmass, but China claims nearly all of the South China Sea based on what it says are historical records.

A tiny unit of Filipino marines live on the BRP Sierra Madre, a decrepit, beached former World-War-II US navy transport ship that was transferred to the Philippine navy and run aground on the shoal in the 1990s.

 

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– Sarah Lazare, staff writer

 

Riot police prepare to prevent protesters from marching closer to the U.S. Embassy Tuesday, Feb. 25, 2014 in Manila, Philippines, against the forthcoming visit of U.S. President Barack Obama. (Photo: AP/Bullit Marquez)Hundreds of protesters took to the streets of the Philippine capital on Tuesday to demand U.S. troops leave their country, just days after Philippine President Noynoy Aquino announced he is “close” to a deal that would open the Philippines to an expanded U.S. military presence.

“Aquino is desperately trying to outdo previous Philippine presidents when it comes to puppetry to the US,” said Elmer “Bong” Labog, spokesperson for labor organization Kilusang Mayo Uno (May First Movement), which organized the demonstration.

Riot police clashed with approximately 300 demonstrators, who carried signs and banners that read “Obama Not Welcome” and “US Troops Out Now,” near the U.S. embassy in Manila. At one point police attacked the crowd with truncheons, but no one was seriously injured, the Associated Press reports.

The protest comes ahead of a planned visit by U.S. President Barack Obama in April, which will be aimed at making progress towards an agreement over sustained U.S. military presence in the Philippines, including in the Subic Bay, which overlooks the South China Sea.

Social movements in the Philippines have long opposed U.S. power over their country, which includes more than five decades of direct colonial rule and the backing of brutal dictator Ferdinand Marcos — who was president from 1965 to 1986 until he was overthrown by a popular movement. Even after Philippine independence, the U.S. maintained a heavy presence of bases and troops, despite widespread opposition to the environmental and social harm they spread, including numerous incidents of sexual assaults and rape of the local population.

While the last U.S. base in the country was shut down in 1992, the U.S. currently sends 500 troops to the southern Philippines annually for so-called counter-terrorism purposes, while 6,500 come each year for training, according to the Philippine military.

With the cooperation of Aquino, Obama is aggressively pushing to expand this military presence as part of the U.S. military’s pivot to Asia to hedge against China. The U.S. and Philippine governments have levied U.S. humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan to build support for a deal.

According to Labong, Aquino “tries to make it appear that the return of US military bases to the Philippines is part of efforts to help the country when it is part of the U.S. geopolitical strategy.”

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Anti-Obama protesters in Manila clash with police

 

 

 

The Associated Press

 

— Police clashed briefly in the Philippine capital Tuesday with about 300 protesters opposed to a planned visit by President Barack Obama and the continued U.S. military presence in the country.

 

 

Riot police across a road from the U.S. Embassy were pushed back by the demonstrators, prompting the police to retaliate with truncheons.

The protesters allied with the May One Movement workers’ federation held a brief program of speeches denouncing U.S. imperialism in front of the seaside embassy before dispersing peacefully. No arrests were made and there were no serious injuries.

About 500 American soldiers are based in the south where they have been providing Philippine troops anti-terrorism training since 2002. Protesters say their presence violates Philippine sovereignty. The Philippine Constitution allows foreign military bases only under a treaty.

Obama is scheduled to visit the Philippines in April, part of a tour of Asia which will also take him to Japan, South Korea and Malaysia to boost diplomatic and economic ties with the region.

 

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MOXNEWSd0tC0M MOXNEWSd0tC0M

 

Published on Dec 20, 2013

December 20, 2013 Al Jazeera News http://MOXNews.com

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Philippines mayor among four killed in Manila airport gunman attack

Manila News.Net Friday 20th December, 2013

The mayor of a southern Philippines town, two members of his family and a young child have died after a gunman opened fire outside a terminal at Manila’s international airport.

The attack, which was aimed at Ukol Talumpa, the mayor of Labangan, wounded five people and caused panic among travellers.

According to CNN, initial reports suggested more than one attacker carried out the shooting.

The police however said a lone gunman was carried out the brazen attack

The dead include Talumpa, his wife and a 28-year-old niece, said Jose Erwin Villacorte, director of the Manila region’s Southern Police District.

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Earth Watch  Report  –  Flooding

Flooding affects Zamboanga conflict evacuees at the Joaquin Enriquez Memorial Grandstand. Photo courtesy of Sarah Lizette Aquino

Inquirer News

08.10.2013 Flash Flood Philippines Mindanao , Zamboanga City Damage level Details

Flash Flood in Philippines on Tuesday, 08 October, 2013 at 08:07 (08:07 AM) UTC.

Description
The intertropical convergence zone affecting Mindanao badly hit Zamboanga City on Tuesday, making some roads impassable to vehicles and resulting in cancellation of flights. The Office of Civil Defense (OCD) announced Tuesday that some major roads in Zamboanga City have become impassable to vehicles due to flooding brought about by heavy rains. The OCD added that vehicles were stalled along thoroughfares, including in Pilar Street, due to the floods. Radio reports said many families were evacuated from their homes in areas such as in Divisoria district. The OCD stated that the Coast Guard and Philippine Navy are helping in the evacuation operations. Zamboanga City Mayor Isabelle Climaco-Salazar ordered the suspension of classes and work in government non-frontline services due to the floods. The mayor also called off work in government offices that are not involved in frontline services.

Heavy rains flood Zambo; flights cancelled

Tuesday, October 8, 2013

ZAMBOANGA CITY — The intertropical convergence zone affecting Mindanao badly hit Zamboanga City on Tuesday, making some roads impassable to vehicles and resulting in cancellation of flights.

The Office of Civil Defense (OCD) announced Tuesday that some major roads in Zamboanga City have become impassable to vehicles due to flooding brought about by heavy rains.

The OCD added that vehicles were stalled along thoroughfares, including in Pilar Street, due to the floods.

Radio reports said many families were evacuated from their homes in areas such as in Divisoria district.

The OCD stated that the Coast Guard and Philippine Navy are helping in the evacuation operations.

Zamboanga City Mayor Isabelle Climaco-Salazar ordered the suspension of classes and work in government non-frontline services due to the floods. The mayor also called off work in government offices that are not involved in frontline services.

PUBLIC ADVISORY (As of 7am): Mayor Climaco calls off work in all govt offices (local & national) in the City today, except those providing front line services, due to widespread flooding

Negros, N. Cotabato folk flee floodwaters

By ,

Army troopers were called out and helicopters dispatched on Sunday to rescue residents trapped on rooftops after torrential rains triggered unprecedented flash floods in parts of Negros and Mindanao.

One of the worst hit was Bayawan City in Negros Oriental where the overflowing Bayawan River raised floodwaters to more than the average person’s height, forcing thousands to flee their homes, rescuers said.

Reports from Dumaguete City said at least 4,000 persons were forced to abandon their homes in Bayawan and three towns in Negros Oriental’s third district.

Also affected by floods were the towns of Sta. Catalina, Basay and Siaton, said Allen Froilan Cabaron, Office of Civil Defense Negros Oriental coordinator.

Troops from the Philippine Army had to take rubber boats from the Negros Oriental State University (Norsu) Bayawan campus in Barangay (village) Carranoche, some five kilometers from the city proper, as the floodwaters made streets impassable by vehicles.

Two Army helicopters were dispatched from Cebu to assist in rescue operations.

Cabaron said rains had been pounding the towns since Friday. Badly affected were nine barangays in Bayawan—Banga, Poblacion, Maninihon, Villareal, Tuba, Ubos, Pagatban, Kalumboyan and Nangka.

Evacuees stayed in the city gym (500), an elementary school in Pagatban (50), the Bayawan National High School (2,523), Norsu (350), the Integrated Business Center (1,000) and an elementary school in Maninihon (20). Cabaron said the number was expected to rise since some residents were trapped on the roofs of their homes.

In southern Negros Occidental, more than 1,000 persons in three cities and four towns had to flee their homes.

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Earth Watch Report  –  Technological Disasters

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Ferry with more than 800 aboard sinks after collision in Philippine port; at least 24 dead

(Chester Baldicantos/ Associated Press ) – A Filipino trooper explains how he survived as their ship sank in Cebu, central Philippines late Friday Aug. 16, 2013. Passenger ferry MV Thomas Aquinas with nearly 700 people aboard sank near the central Philippine port of Cebu on Friday night after colliding with a cargo vessel, and a survivor said he saw bodies in the sea.

(Chester Baldicantos/ Associated Press ) – A Filipino trooper explains how he survived as their ship sank in Cebu, central Philippines late Friday Aug. 16, 2013. Passenger ferry MV Thomas Aquinas with nearly 700 people aboard sank near the central Philippine port of Cebu on Friday night after colliding with a cargo vessel, and a survivor said he saw bodies in the sea.

MANILA, Philippines — A ferry with more than 800 people aboard sank near the central Philippine port of Cebu after colliding with a cargo vessel, killing at least 24 people. Hundreds of others were rescued, the coast guard said Saturday.

Dozens were still missing, but authorities could not give an official figure.

More than 200 are killed, the Muslim Brotherhood says, as both sides dug in for a long fight.

The captain of the ferry MV Thomas Aquinas ordered the ship abandoned after it began listing

MANILA, Philippines — A ferry with more than 800 people aboard sank near the central Philippine port of Cebu after colliding with a cargo vessel, killing at least 24 people. Hundreds of others were rescued, the coast guard said Saturday.Dozens were still missing, but authorities could not give an official figure.

More than 200 are killed, the Muslim Brotherhood says, as both sides dug in for a long fight.

The captain of the ferry MV Thomas Aquinas ordered the ship abandoned after it began listing and then sank after the collision late Friday, coast guard officer Joy Villegas said.

Cebu coast guard chief, Cmdr. Weniel Azcuna, said 24 people, including children, were confirmed dead and 629 passengers had been rescued by early Saturday.

Speaking by telephone from Cebu, Azcuna said they were still searching the waters for survivors. He also said authorities were still trying to determine the actual number of people on board.

In a statement, ferry owner 2Go said the roll-on-roll-off ship had 723 passengers and 118 crew or a total of 841 people aboard and carried 104 20-foot (6-meter) steel containers.

It said the ferry “was reportedly hit” by the cargo vessel “resulting in major damage that led to its sinking.”

Azcuna said the coast guard was still focused on rescue off Cebu, 570 kilometers (350 miles) south of Manila, and will begin investigations later.

Navy divers told reporters at the scene of the collision, about 2 kilometers from the shore, that they saw several dead bodies still underwater.

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  • The move comes as part of escalating efforts across the nation’s capital to curb rubbish blamed for deadly flooding
  • Makati City’s Plastic Monitoring Task Force were out on the streets looking for vendors ignoring the new rules

 

By Jill Reilly

 

|

 

The Philippines financial capital has banned disposable plastic shopping bags and Styrofoam food containers from today.

The move comes as part of escalating efforts across the nation’s capital to curb rubbish blamed for deadly flooding.

Just hours after the ban was introduced, members of Makati City’s Plastic Monitoring Task Force were out on the streets looking for vendors that were ignoring the new rules.

A 25ft-high tidal wave of rubbish:

A 25ft-high tidal wave of rubbish: The Philippines financial capital banned disposable plastic shopping bags and styrofoam food containers as part of escalating efforts across the nation’s capital to curb rubbish that exacerbates deadly flooding

 

 

Cause

Cause: Men play basketball near the dump site – the project officer of Makati’s environmental services department, said cutting down on plastic was vital to stop the clogging of the city’s waterways, which is widely blamed for contributing to floods

Food wrapped in plastic is still available, but Makati, one of 17 cities or districts that make up Metro Manila, has gone ahead with banning plastic bags.

Prexy Macana, project officer of Makati’s environmental services department, told AFP that scaling back the use of plastic bags was essential to halt the clogging of the city’s waterways, which is widely blamed for contributing to floods.

‘During our bi-monthly wastewater clean-ups, we found most of the garbage is plastics,’ she said.

Flooding is common in Manlia – last August the Philippine capital was brought to a near standstill by flooding after almost 24 hours of continuous rain – it left nine dead and scores homeless.

The previous year flash floods in the Philippines left a death toll of 1000.

Nature ruined:

Nature ruined: Fishermen sit on a rubbish-filled riverbank at a dump site in Manila. Consumers are now being given the option of paper alternatives or not using a bag at all

 

Making a living: A man arranges used plastic bottles on a truck to be sold at a shop in Manila

Making a living: A man arranges used plastic bottles on a truck to be sold at a shop in Manila

 

 

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CDC

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)

Weekly

June 14, 2013 / 62(23);457-462

Rubella usually is a mild, febrile rash illness in children and adults; however, infection early in pregnancy, particularly during the first 16 weeks, can result in miscarriage, stillbirth, or an infant born with birth defects (i.e., congenital rubella syndrome [CRS]) (1). As of 2013, goals to eliminate rubella have been established in two World Health Organization regions (the Region of the Americas by 2010 and the European Region by 2015), and targets for accelerated rubella control and CRS prevention have been established by the Western Pacific Region (WPR) (2). In 1976, Japan introduced single-antigen rubella vaccine in its national immunization program, targeting girls in junior high school. In 1989, a measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine was introduced, targeting children aged 12–72 months. However, adult males remain susceptible to rubella. From January 1 to May 1, 2013, a total of 5,442 rubella cases were reported through the rubella surveillance system in Japan, with the majority (77%) of cases occurring among adult males. Ten infants with CRS were reported during October 2012–May 1, 2013. Countries and regions establishing a goal of accelerated control or elimination of rubella should review their previous and current immunization policies and strategies to identify and vaccinate susceptible persons and to ensure high population immunity in all cohorts, both male and female.

During 1999–2007, rubella surveillance in Japan consisted of aggregate case reporting to the pediatric sentinel surveillance system. Cases were reported from a representative sample of approximately 3,000 pediatric inpatient and outpatient medical facilities. In January 2008, the sentinel surveillance systems were replaced by nationwide case-based surveillance for rubella, and all physicians were required to report any clinically diagnosed or laboratory-confirmed rubella case* to local health officials. In April 1999, nationwide, case-based surveillance for CRShad been established.

Until the early 2000s, rubella was endemic in Japan, with periodic epidemics approximately every 5 years and seasonal increases in the spring and summer. The number of reported rubella cases remained at record low levels until 2010, and in 2011, a few outbreaks were reported in the workplace among adult males. In 2012, the number of rubella cases sharply increased to 2,392, with the rise in cases continuing into 2013 (Figure 1). From January 1 to May 1, 2013, a total of 5,442 rubella cases were reported (Table). Of these cases, 3,936 (72.3%) were laboratory confirmed. Geographically, over 60% of rubella cases were reported from Kanto area, in the eastern part of Japan comprised of Tokyo and its surrounding prefectures. In recent weeks, the epidemic has expanded from Kanto to other parts of Japan, including Osaka, Hyogo, Aichi, Fukuoka, and Kagoshima. Of the 5,442 cases, males accounted for 4,213 cases (77.4%), of which 3,878 cases (92.0%) were in persons aged >20 years (Figure 2). Of the 4,834 cases in persons aged >20 years, 1,727 (36%) were in persons aged 30–39 years and 1,535 (32%) in persons aged 20–29 years. Among rubella cases, vaccination history was unknown in a majority of cases (3,538 [65%]). For the 1,904 reported rubella cases with known vaccination status, 1,566 (82%) occurred in persons who had not received rubella vaccine (Table). Virus genotypes were determined for 150 cases in 2012; of these, 123 (82.0%) and 26 (17.0%) were genotypes 2B and 1E, respectively (3).

During 2008–2011, three cases of CRS were reported nationwide. Since October 2012, 10 CRS cases have been reported from Hyogo (two), Aichi (two), Osaka (two), Tokyo (one), Kagawa (one), Saitama (one), and Kanagawa (one). Six of the mothers of infants with CRS had not received rubella vaccine, and four had unknown vaccination history.

Population immunity is measured by administrative coverage and seroprevalence surveys. In 2011, administrative measles-rubella (MR) vaccine coverage was 95.3% at age 1 year, 92.8% at age 5–6 years, 88.1% at age 12–13 years, and 81.4% at age 17–18 years. Population immunity for eight vaccine-preventable diseases is measured by the National Epidemiological Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases, an annual, national seroepidemiologic survey conducted among a representative sample of the Japanese population. In 2012, 14 prefectures in Japan joined this serologic survey by measuring rubella hemagglutination inhibition antibody levels in 5,094 healthy persons. Among adults aged 30–50 years, seropositivity for rubella antibody (1:8) was 73%–86% among males and 97%–98% among females (4).

In response to the current outbreak, Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare provided guidance to health-care authorities (5). The guidance is to provide information on rubella disease and CRS for pregnant women and their households and encouraged vaccination of the family members of pregnant women (because rubella vaccine is contraindicated in pregnant women) and vaccination for women who plan to get pregnant. The local governments in approximately 100 cities, including several districts in the Tokyo metropolitan area that had high numbers of reported rubella cases, have provided partial funding to help with the cost of MR vaccine or a single rubella vaccine for women planning pregnancy and for men who are living with a pregnant woman. In addition, mass media agencies in Japan have provided information about the rubella epidemic, including rubella disease and CRS, which has helped increase awareness about the importance of rubella vaccination.

Reported by

Keiko Tanaka-Taya, MD, PhD, Hiroshi Satoh, DVM, PhD, Satoru Arai, DVM, PhD, Takuya Yamagishi, MD, PhD, Yuichiro Yahata, PhD, Kazutoshi Nakashima, MD, PhD, Tamie Sugawara, PhD, Yasushi Ohkusa, PhD, Tamano Matsui, MD, PhD, Takehito Saito, MSc, Kazuhiko Kanou, PhD, Tomoe Shimada, MD, Hitomi Kinoshita, DVM, PhD, Kazuyo Yamashita, PhD, Yoshinori Yasui, MD, PhD, Yuki Tada, MD, PhD, Yoshio Mori, DVM, PhD, Makoto Takeda, MD, PhD, Tomimasa Sunagawa, MD, PhD, Kazunori Oishi, MD, PhD, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Japan. Peter Strebel, MD, Accelerated Control and Elimination of Vaccine Preventable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. W. William Schluter, MD, Western Pacific Regional Office, World Health Organization, Manila, Phillipines. Hajime Kamiya, MD, PhD, Div of Bacterial Diseases, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases; Susan E. Reef, MD, Susan Y. Chu, PhD, Rebecca Martin, PhD, Global Immunization Div, Center for Global Health, CDC. Corresponding contributor: Susan E. Reef, sreef@cdc.gov, 404-639-8982.

Editorial Note

The primary purpose of rubella vaccination is to prevent congenital rubella virus infection, including CRS. In WPR, the Immunization Technical Advisory Group endorsed a regional accelerated rubella control and CRS prevention goal to decrease rubella incidence to <10 cases per million population and CRS incidence to <10 cases per million live births each year by 2015 (6). In 2012, Japan reported 18.7 rubella cases per million population, a rate higher than the WPR annual incidence target. As of May 2013 (4 months into the year), the number of reported rubella cases is already double the total number of cases in 2012.

In 1976, Japan established a goal to prevent CRS and introduced single-antigen rubella vaccine in its national immunization program, targeting girls in junior high school. In 1989, an MMR vaccine was introduced, targeting children aged 12–72 months, but this combination vaccine was withdrawn in 1993 after reports of aseptic meningitis related to the mumps component. In 1995, vaccination policy was changed to make all vaccines strongly recommended but not mandatory, and in 2006, the MR combined vaccine was introduced, with a 2-dose schedule administered at 1–2 years and 5–7 years. After a large measles outbreak in 2007 and 2008, a catch-up MR vaccination program was implemented, targeting two age cohorts (those aged 12 years and those aged 17 years) each year during 2008–2013 to ensure high population immunity among persons aged 12–22 years in 2013.

In the current outbreak, males aged 20–39 years, who were not included in the initial rubella vaccination program, accounted for 68% of the reported cases. However, with the introduction of 2 doses of MR vaccine into the national vaccination schedule in 2006 for both boys and girls and the successful catch-up vaccination program, children who currently are aged <15 years account for only 5.6% of the cases. In other countries (e.g., Brazil, Chile, and Argentina), where only adolescent or adult females have been targeted through national immunization programs or as part of mass vaccination campaigns, similar large outbreaks have occurred among adolescent and adult males, with a concomitant increase in CRS cases. These types of outbreaks emphasize that national immunization programs should ensure high levels of immunity in all cohorts born since the introduction of rubella vaccine (both males and females) either through the routine program or high-quality mass campaigns that are sufficient to interrupt rubella virus transmission and prevent CRS cases. In addition, programs should implement high-quality, case-based rubella and CRS surveillance and respond promptly and rapidly to outbreaks.

The effects of this outbreak have been wide-ranging, both within Japan and internationally. In the Region of the Americas, where endemic rubella virus transmission has been interrupted, importations have occurred in the United States and Canada in 2013. The international spread of rubella virus from Japan provides a reminder that countries in regions that have eliminated rubella need to maintain high levels of vaccination coverage and high-quality surveillance to limit the spread and detect imported rubella virus.

Acknowledgments

Local public health centers and local public health institutes in Japan. Louis Cooper, MD, Technical Advisory Group on Immunization, International Pediatric Association.

References

  1. Castillo-Solórzano C, Marsigli C, Bravo-Alcántara P, et al. Elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in the Americas. J Infect Dis 2011;204(Suppl 2):S571–8.
  2. World Health Organization, Regional Committee for the Western Pacific. Resolution WPR/RC63.5: elimination of measles and acceleration of rubella control. Hanoi, Vietnam: World Health Organization; 2012. Available at http://www.wpro.who.int/about/regional_committee/63/resolutions/wpr_rc63_r5_measles_elimination_03oct.pdf Adobe PDF fileExternal Web Site Icon.
  3. Mori Y, Otsuki N, Okamoto K, Sakata M, Komase K, Takeda M. Genotyping trend of rubella virus and the revision of manual for laboratory diagnosis for rubella [Japanese]. IASR 2013;34:99–100.
  4. National Institute of Infectious Diseases (Japan); Tuberculosis and Infectious Diseases Control Division, Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (Japan). Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in Japan, as of March 2013. IASR 2013;34:87–9.
  5. National Institute of Infectious Diseases (Japan). Guidance on strengthening measures for prevention and control of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome. IASR 2013;34:90.
  6. World Health Organization, Western Pacific Regional Office. Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Manila, Philippines: World Health Organization; 2012. Available at http://www.wpro.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs_20120228/en/index.htmlExternal Web Site Icon.

* Rubella case definition: clinically diagnosed rubella case is a diffuse punctate and maculopapular rash, fever, and lymphadenopathy; laboratory-confirmed rubella case is the presence of all of the mentioned signs and one of the following: 1) isolation of the virus or detection of viral RNA from blood, throat, or cerebrospinal fluid samples by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction; or 2) detection of rubella-specific immunoglobulin M antibodies from a serum sample or a significant increase in rubella-specific immunoglobulin G antibody titers in paired serum samples obtained at acute and convalescent phases.

Laboratory-confirmed CRS case definition: 1) clinically confirmed CRS in an infant who has a positive blood test for rubella-specific immunoglobulin M or hemagglutination inhibition antibody levels sustained or higher than expected from passively transferred maternal antibody; or 2) detection of rubella virus in specimens from throat, saliva, or urine. CRS is clinically confirmed if an infant has 1) at least two of the following complications: cataract, congenital glaucoma, congenital heart disease, hearing impairment, or pigmentary retinopathy; or 2) one of those complications and one of the following complications: purpura, splenomegaly, microcephaly, meningoencephalitis, radiolucent bone disease, or jaundice developed within 24 hours after birth.

What is already known about this topic?

Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) is caused by fetal infection with rubella virus from the mother and is characterized by birth defects such as hearing impairment, heart defects, and cataracts. Several countries that initially vaccinated only adolescent or adult women, then later introduced rubella vaccine into their routine programs or conducted mass campaigns in adolescent and adult females, have experienced large rubella outbreaks among adolescent and young adult males, with a concomitant increase in infants with CRS.

What is added by this report?

In 2012, the number of rubella cases in Japan sharply increased to 2,392, with the rise in cases continuing into 2013 and resulting in a cumulative total of 5,442 cases from January 1 to May 1, 2013. Of these cases, 72% were laboratory confirmed, and 23% were in females. Since October 2012, 10 CRS cases have been reported.

What are the implications for public health practice?

Countries using rubella vaccine should aim to prevent rubella outbreaks (i.e., achieve and maintain interruption of rubella virus transmission) by ensuring high rubella immunity across all age groups (both males and females). In cohorts born since the introduction of rubella vaccine, this immunity is achieved primarily through uniformly high vaccination coverage.

FIGURE 1. Number of rubella cases, by sex and age group — Japan, 2009–2013*

The figure shows the number of rubella cases, by sex and age group, in Japan during 2009-2013. In 2012, the number of rubella cases sharply increased to 2,392, with the rise in cases continuing into 2013.

* As of April 24, 2013.

Alternate Text: The figure above shows the number of rubella cases, by sex and age group, in Japan during 2009-2013. In 2012, the number of rubella cases sharply increased to 2,392, with the rise in cases continuing into 2013.

TABLE. Number and percentage of rubella cases, by year and selected characteristics — Japan, 2009–2013

Characteristic

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013*

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

Total

147

(100)

87

(100)

378

(100)

2,392

(100)

5,442

(100)

Rubella cases per 1,000,000 population

1.2

0.7

3.0

18.7

42.5

Sex

Male

98

(66.7)

54

(62.1)

278

(73.5)

1,797

(75.1)

4,213

(77.4)

Female

49

(33.3)

33

(37.9)

100

(26.5)

595

(24.9)

1,229

(22.6)

Age group (yrs)

<1

4

(2.7)

1

(1.1)

2

(0.5)

16

(0.7)

24

(0.4)

1–4

22

(15.0)

11

(12.6)

23

(6.1)

69

(2.9)

94

(1.7)

5–9

13

(8.8)

10

(11.5)

10

(2.6)

37

(1.5)

68

(1.2)

10–14

17

(11.6)

8

(9.2)

18

(4.8)

56

(2.3)

118

(2.2)

15–19

19

(12.9)

5

(5.7)

29

(7.7)

217

(9.1)

304

(5.6)

20–29

22

(15.0)

20

(23.0)

114

(30.2)

741

(31.0)

1,535

(28.2)

30–39

30

(20.4)

16

(18.4)

94

(24.9)

681

(28.5)

1,727

(31.7)

40–49

13

(8.8)

14

(16.1)

59

(15.6)

430

(18.0)

1,103

(20.3)

50–59

4

(2.7)

1

(1.1)

22

(5.8)

124

(5.2)

396

(7.3)

>59

3

(2.0)

1

(1.1)

7

(1.9)

21

(0.9)

73

(1.3)

Diagnosis

Clinically diagnosed

63

(42.9)

26

(29.9)

83

(22.0)

599

(25.0)

1,506

(27.7)

Laboratory confirmed

84

(57.1)

61

(70.1)

295

(78.0)

1,793

(75.0)

3,936

(72.3)

Vaccination status

Unvaccinated

46

(31.3)

17

(19.5)

96

(25.4)

605

(25.3)

1,566

(28.8)

Once

41

(27.9)

14

(16.1)

29

(7.7)

180

(7.5)

263

(4.8)

Twice

4

(2.7)

4

(4.6)

9

(2.4)

49

(2.0)

75

(1.4)

Uncertain

56

(38.1)

52

(59.8)

244

(64.6)

1,558

(65.1)

3,538

(65.0)

Total CRS* cases

2

(100)

0

1

(100)

5

(100)

5

(100)

CRS cases per 1,000,000 live births

2.0

0.0

1.0

4.8

4.8

Abbreviation: CRS = congenital rubella syndrome.

* As of May 1, 2013.

FIGURE 2. Number of rubella cases among males and females, by age and vaccination history — Japan, surveillance week 1 to 17, 2013*

The figure shows the number of rubella cases among males and females, by age and vaccination history, in Japan during surveillance week 1 to 17 in 2013.

* As of May 1, 2013.

Alternate Text: The figure above shows the number of rubella cases among males and females, by age and vaccination history, in Japan during surveillance week 1 to 17 in 2013.

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Albay gov bans activity near Mayon

TheABSCBNNews TheABSCBNNews

Published on May 6, 2013

Albay Governor Joey Salceda is banning all human activity within the six-kilometer permanent danger zone of Mayon Volcano after 4 climbers were killed during an ash explosion.

Salceda said the banned activities include climbing, farming, orchid gathering and ATV tour guides.

He said there was no warning of the steam explosion Tuesday morning but noted that a hard rain had affected the area on Monday.

Volcano tour guide Kenneth Jesalva, who went up the volcano with seven others on Monday, later said four people including 3 foreigners died after being crushed by large rocks brought about by the explosion.

ANC, May 7, 2013

Published on May 6, 2013

MANILA – Five people including 4 foreigners were killed by falling rocks after the Mayon Volcano spewed ash Tuesday morning, Albay Gov. Joey Salceda said.

 

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Rocks rain on climbers after Philippines volcano erupts

Mt Mayon

Philippines volcano Mount Mayon spews a thick column of ash after an erupting. Picture: AFP Source: AFP

FIVE people are feared dead after one of the Philippines’ most active volcanoes spewed a giant ash cloud, with foreign tourists on its slopes during the eruption, authorities said.

National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council chief Eduardo del Rosario said local officials reported that up to 20 climbers and guides, including foreigners, were on Mount Mayon when it erupted.

“Five killed and seven are injured, that is the latest report,” Mr del Rosario said. “We do not have the identity of those killed or injured, whether they are foreigners or locals.”

He said rescuers could not confirm firsthand the reported casualties until they reached the site.

Joey Salceda, governor of eastern Albay province where the 2,460-metre Mayon is located, gave the same number of casualties.

Marti Calleja, a local tour operator, said his company had sought help to rescue five foreigners who had gone to climb Mayon with his outfit’s guides shortly before the explosion.

“It rained like hell with stones. It was sudden and there was no warning,” Mr Calleja said.

The group was trapped about half a kilometre below the crater, Mr Calleja added.

Guide Kenneth Jesalva told ABS-CBN TV network by cellphone from a camp near the crater that the climbers died after being hit by huge rocks.

 

Read Full Article Here

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Philippine Volcano Spews Rocks, Killing 5 Climbers

 

One of the Philippines’ most active volcanoes rumbled to life Tuesday, spewing room-sized rocks toward nearly 30 surprised climbers, killing five and injuring others that had to be fetched with rescue helicopters and rope.

The climbers and their Filipino guides had spent the night camping in two groups before setting out at daybreak for the crater of Mayon volcano when the sudden explosion of rocks, ash and plumes of smokes jolted the picturesque mountain, guide Kenneth Jesalva told ABS-CBN TV network by cellphone.

He said rocks “as big as a living room” came raining down, killing and injuring members of his group, some of whom were in critical condition. Jesalva said he rushed back to the base camp at 914 meters (3,000 feet) to call for help.

Among the dead were three Germans and their Filipino guide, said Albay provincial Gov. Joey Salceda. He said everyone on the mountain had been accounted for at midday, except for a foreigner who was presumed dead.

Eight people were injured, and Salceda said the others were in the process of being brought down the mountain. Ash clouds have cleared over the volcano, which was quiet later in the morning.

Philippines Volcano.JPEG

“The injured are all foreigners … They cannot walk. If you can imagine, the boulders there are as big as cars. Some of them slid and rolled down. We will rappel the rescue team, and we will rappel them up again,” he said from Legazpi, the provincial capital at the foothill of the mountain.

An Austrian mountaineer and two Spaniards were rescued with small bruises, he said.

Tuesday’s eruption was normal for the restive Mayon, said Renato Solidum, the head of the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology.

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Earth Watch Report  – Earthquakes

Philippines  5.3mag  May 1st   2013 photo Philippines53magMay1st2013_zpsfa669862.jpg

5.3 88km NNE of Sabang Indan, Philippines 2013-05-01 05:38:00 14.938°N 123.280°E 34.2

M5.3 – 88km NNE of Sabang Indan, Philippines 2013-05-01 05:38:00 UTC

Earthquake location 14.938°N, 123.280°E

Event Time

  1. 2013-05-01 05:38:00 UTC
  2. 2013-05-01 13:38:00 UTC+08:00 at epicenter
  3. 2013-05-01 00:38:00 UTC-05:00 system time

Location

14.938°N 123.280°E depth=34.2km (21.3mi)

Nearby Cities

  1. 88km (55mi) NNE of Sabang Indan, Philippines
  2. 93km (58mi) NNE of Vinzons, Philippines
  3. 95km (59mi) NE of Jose Panganiban, Philippines
  4. 96km (60mi) NNE of Mercedes, Philippines
  5. 250km (155mi) E of Manila, Philippines