The Shiveluch Volcano. © Photo: ru.wikipedia.org/NASA/JSC
The Shiveluch Volcano, which is currently erupting in Kamchatka, threw up two pillars of ash, to a height of 6.5 km.
It has been assigned an aviation hazard level of code orange according to the Geological Service of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The ash particles can damage to aircraft engines and mechanisms and caused an aviation disaster.
Seismic activity is above the norm but there is no danger to human settlements.
Shiveluch has seen increased since May 2009.
Our colleague Marc Szlegat just returned from a visit to Stromboli volcano whose activity has recently been increasing. Marc observed that there were 5 active glowing vents within the crater terrace. The most spectacular explosions took place from the eastern vent, the cone that had been building since 2009. They occurred roughly every 20 minutes, with sometime powerful explosions ejecting lava bombs up to 300 m height, many of which falling onto the Sciara del Fuoco.
Frequent eruptions also occurred from the western vent, with typical ejection heights of 50-100 m, and occasionally up to about 200 m. A third vent in the central crater and rarely a vent at the extreme western end of the crater erupted occasionally as well.
While the unusually strong earthquake swarm under El Hierro Island continues, harmonic volcanic tremor has reappeared short time ago at about 16h10 UTC.
The tremor, a low-frequency ground vibration, is thought to be caused by moving magma. It had been strong yesterday and correlated well with a southward propagation of earthquake locations, suggesting that magma at about 20 km depth flew from underneath the El Golfo area towards the EL Julan (south) coast, in a similar way as before the Oct 2011 eruption, but became blocked there, and did not reach the southern rift zone near La Restinga.
After the cease of tremor in the afternoon, earthquakes still continued at high rate, marking a record figure with over 180 quakes larger than M2 yesterday alone, and more than 150 quakes larger than M1.5 so far today.
In other words, pressure continued to cause wide-spread rock fracturing underground and cause small intrusions of fluids. Now, the re-appearance of tremor could mean that magma is moving again somewhere underneath the island. Where to and whether or not it might reach the surface and initiate a new eruption is difficult to know at the moment. It is essential to continue to monitor location and magnitude of earthquakes.
Extreme Temperatures/ Weather / Drought
WICHITA KS KANSAS CITY/PLEASANT HILL MO TOPEKA KS
MOUNT HOLLY NJ PHOENIX AZ QUAD CITIES IA IL
CAPE FEAR TO 31N OUT TO 32N 73W TO 31N 74W
FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE
RIVERTON WY DODGE CITY KS PUEBLO CO SALT LAKE CITY UT CHEYENNE WY ELKO NV
JACKSON KY WILMINGTON OH LOUISVILLE KY INDIANAPOLIS IN PADUCAH KY HASTINGS NE GOODLAND KS NORTHERN INDIANA
The Humane Society of the Pikes Peak Region was like an ark in a sea of evacuee worry and tears.
Beloved pets came Sunday, not just two by two, but in every possible family configuration — three dogs here, two cats and a dog there, and even Snoopy the ferret accompanied by three canine companions.
For hours, the driveway was filled with cars lined up to deliver their precious cargoes to the safe haven. At times there was hardly any space inside the intake office, filled with cages of glaring cats and barking dogs, and distraught owners hugging and kissing their animals and saying a temporary goodbye.
In the back rooms and basement there were cages of animals as far as the eye could see. Cats reached out with dainty paws to get attention. Some dogs cocked their heads questioningly. Other exhausted animals were asleep, oblivious to all the excitement.
There are so many pets housed there temporarily that by early evening, Erica Meyer, shelter spokeswoman, had lost count of how many they were housing. ‘Hundreds,” she said. ‘We are at capacity.”
On a normal day, there are 40 to 60 intakes a day. To ease the crowding, the Humane Society was offering shelter cats for free with no adoption fee. (Not those evacuated, of course.)
Officials plan to open another temporary shelter sometime Monday in Colorado Springs. They have not yet revealed the location because they want to complete work first. In the meantime, several other places are offering temporary shelter. For information call the Humane Society at 473-1741.
There have been more than 60 volunteers and staff members at work, many trained in disaster response. “It’s a good system and it’s working,” Meyer said.
Volunteers Sean Kinoff, 16, and his sister Sydney, 12, were busily cleaning cages .
“This is fun,” Sydney said.
Sean was impressed by the Humane Society’s altruism. “I think it is good of them to do this for people.”
In the parking lot, Henry Hess of Cascade had similar thoughts. “This place is a lifesaver,” he said. He had his hands full with his own caged cats and a leashed dog who was very interested in the bushes outside the intake center. Hess and his wife are staying with relatives. But he was worried about two cats who had to be left behind because they hid somewhere in his house.
Dawn Minto, who lives in Manitou Springs near Williams Canyon, arrived with Shirley, a calico cat, and three kittens. She had already farmed out two dogs with friends. She, too, was worried about a cat who had disappeared.
“Our pets are our babies. Our kids are grown,” she said, wiping tears from her cheeks.
Pam Koontz arrived with several children, three dogs and the ferret Snoopy in tow. Daughter Zoe was trying to make Snoopy stay in his carrier.
“He doesn’t like it,” Zoe said. The ferret kept peeking out to watch the goings on.
How did Koontz get all the animals rounded up? “It wasn’t easy,” she said with a sigh.
Eight-five-year old Lucy Dell, who walks with a cane, arrived with her cat Sugary. “I hate to leave her,” she said.
Dell has lived in a cottage in Manitou for more than 23 years but was more concerned about the cat than her personal belongings. “I’ve had him for a year and a half,” she said.
She was accompanied by her landlord, Firuz Labib, “Lucy has lived there for years before we bought the place,” he said. We don’t call her a tenant. She is our good friend and we wanted to help her with her cat.”
Those not bringing in animals came bearing gifts of food, blankets and empty cages. Kristine Ballou brought sodas and munches for the volunteers.
“I have three cats and a dog that I got them here,” she said. “They do wonderful work.”
Karen McDonough unloaded several empty crates she was donating to the shelter.
Her cat Mia, 9, died recently of kidney disease.
Tears welled up in her eyes. “I’m doing this for the other animals in honor of her.”
Contact Carol McGraw: 636-0371 Twitter @mcgrawatgazette Facebook Carol McGraw
FORT COLLINS, Colo. — The High Park Fire continues to break hearts as the number of homes it has destroyed grew to nearly 250 over the weekend.
Crews previously confirmed that 191 homes had been destroyed by the fire, which has grown to 130 square miles and is 45 percent contained. Friday’s destruction brings that toll up to 248 homes. No structures or homes were damaged on Saturday, incident commander Bill Hahnenberg said in a media briefing Sunday morning.
The fire, which has cost $29.6 million to battle since it began June 9 due to lightning, claimed 80 structures — 57 homes — in Glacier View Meadows subdivision and the Deer Meadows area northwest of Fort Collins alone when it ripped through the area Friday.
Residents learned the fate of their homes on Sunday during a meeting for evacuees at The Ranch in Loveland.
Sunday night, the skies above Fort Collins opened up, pouring rain — and accompanying lightning — down on the area. The squall’s effects on the fire won’t be fully known until Monday morning, when it will be easier to see where rain helped firefighters and where smoke from lightning will signal more work.
In Glacier View, officials say a dozer line firefighters built saved “hundreds of homes,” while direct structure protection measures saved 40 more. Glacier View Fire Chief Greg Niswender told evacuees Sunday when the fire jumped the Poudre River at Stevens Gulch it was a mile wide and went through the 12th filing in less than 30 minutes.
“There was not a lot anyone was going to do,” he said, his voice cracking. Minutes later he had to tell friends and neighbors their homes were gone.
“This is the worst thing (Glacier View) has ever faced, but I wouldn’t want to face it with anyone else,” he told the anxious crowd.
The danger isn’t over for Glacier View residents or anyone living in or near the fire zone, officials cautioned. And, while more evacuees are going home, many are still displaced or on orders to be ready to go if needed.
With only 45 percent containment, the fire is still a threat.
Crews will continue to battle the fire in its northwest corner near Glacier View, and also will focus containment efforts on the burn area’s southwest corner to prevent its spread toward Pingree Park.
Temperatures in the mountains are expected to be in the 90s Monday with low humidity.
Meanwhile, a separate blaze prompted the evacuation of approximately 11,000 residents Sunday and is threatening a resort area near Manitou Springs.
The Waldo Canyon Fire is burning near Waldo Canyon off of Highway 24 and is at zero percent containment. The fire is at 3,600 acres and smoke could be seen from the Denver area over the weekend.
About 450 people are working the fire, just to the west of Colorado Springs. Officials said resources include three heavy air tankers, four single-engine air tankers and at least three helicopters.
By PAT FERRIER
Fort Collins Coloradoan
|25.06.2012||Forest / Wild Fire||USA||State of Utah, Saratoga Springs|
|A massive, out of control wildfire on Lake Mountain prompted evacuations Friday morning and was bearing down on an explosives factory. “It’s close enough to where we’re really worried,” BLM spokeswoman Cami Lee said of the explosives plant. An evacuation of the Benches subdivision in Saratoga Springs has now begun. Officials have begun notifying residents door to door and through reverse 911 telephone calls. The evacuation area is everything south of Pony Express Parkway, east of Smith Ranch Road and east to Redwood Road. The affected subdivisions in Eagle Mountain include Kiowa Valley, Eagle Top, Fremont Springs and SilverLake. Highway 68 also was closed south of 400 North in Saratoga Springs. A shelter is being set up at West Lake High School. Just after 11 a.m. the temperature was already 90 degrees and the wind was blowing at 15 mph with gust up to 19 mph. Authorities were scrambling around 10 a.m. to notify residents of at least 250 homes in Saratoga Springs and Eagle Mountain that they needed to leave the area. Bureau of Land Management spokeswoman Teresa Rigby said that a change in wind was driving the Dump Fire east and it had come within a quarter of a mile of a neighborhood. The thick brown smoke was filling the air over much of northern Utah County and drifting east over the valley. An air tanker was flying overhead, visible only occasionally before it disappeared into the smoke. In Saratoga Springs the city’s water department has shut off irrigation wast er to all location where culinary water is being used for irrigation, according to the city’s Facebook page, so water tanks can fill and provide water and water pressure if the fire reaches homes. The city also is asking residents to turn off their irrigation systems this weekend. According to the BLM, the fire was being fought Friday morning by four hand crews, various fire engines, and a handful of helicopters. Additional hand crews were en route.|
|26.06.2012||Forest / Wild Fire||USA||State of Colorado, [Pike National Forest]|
|The fire burning behind Lake George in Park County is now 200 acres, and it is 0% contained. According to a park ranger for the Pike National Forest, the 11 mile canyon has been evacuated. That is between 150 and 200 homes. Everyone else in that area is under pre-evacuation orders. That means they must be ready to evacuate at a moment’s notice. County road 96 and 92 at Highway 24 are both shut down right now. That fire started around noon on the Indian Paintbrush Ranch. We’ve heard several reports from witnesses who say they saw someone fire shots, and that may have hit a propane tank causing an explosion. But, Park Rangers say they are still investigating what caused this fire. Among the evacuees, about 500 campers with Camp Alexander. They were at 11 mile canyon. The Camp Director tells us they are all safely out of the fire’s reach. Those campers are from all over Colorado, and out of state. They will have to stay the night at Woodland Park High School and/or Middle School. There are more than 40 firefighters fighting this fire, and witnesses say they have also seen drops from helicopters.|
|25.06.2012||Forest / Wild Fire||USA||State of Colorado, [Fort Collins (Paradise Park) area]|
|Crews on Saturday battled a fast-moving wildfire in northern Colorado that has scorched about 8,000 acres and prompted several dozen evacuation orders. Larimer County Sheriff’s Office spokesman John Schulz said the fire was reported just before 6 a.m. Saturday in the mountainous Paradise Park area about 25 miles northwest of Fort Collins. The blaze expanded rapidly during the late afternoon and evening and by Saturday night, residents living along several roads in the region had been ordered to evacuate and many more were warned that they might have to flee. An evacuation center has been set up at a Laporte middle school. Officials didn’t specify how many residents had evacuated but said they had sent out 800 emergency notifications alerting people to the fire and the possibility that might have to flee. “Right now we’re just trying to get these evacuations done and get people safe,” Schulz told Denver-based KMGH-TV, adding that “given the extreme heat in the area, it makes it a difficult time for (the firefighters).” Temperatures near Fort Collins reached the mid-80s Saturday afternoon with a humidity level of between 5 percent and 10 percent. Ten structures have been damaged, although authorities were unsure if they were homes or some other kind of buildings. No injuries have been reported. The cause of the fire was unknown. Aerial footage from KMGH-TV showed flames coming dangerously close to what appeared to be several outbuildings and at least one home in the area, as well as consuming trees and sending a large plume of smoke into the air. Two heavy air tankers, five single-engine air tankers and four helicopters were on the scene to help fight the blaze, which appeared to be burning on private and U.S. Forest Service land and was being fueled by sustained winds of between 20 and 25 mph. “It was just good conditions to grow,” National Weather Service meteorologist Chad Gimmestad told The Associated Press. “The conditions today were really favorable for it to take off.”|
|26.06.2012||Extreme Weather||China||MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Zhejiang, Guangxi, Hunan, Fujian, Anhui, Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou ]|
|Several parts of China have been hit by torrential rains over the last few days, resulting in the evacuation of millions of people and property damage. In east China’s Zhejiang province, heavy rains have forced 17,000 people to relocate and affected the lives of more than 350,000 others since June 22. A 12-year-old girl was killed when her house was buried in a landslide on Saturday in Zhejiang’s Songyang county. Rains have battered central China’s Hunan province since June 21, killing one person, leaving another missing and affecting the lives of 138,000 others. A landslide was triggered in Hunan’s city of Chenzhou, blocking roads and rivers and stranding 130 tourists, the report said. South China’s Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region has been reeling under heavy downpours since June 21. In the hard-hit city of Hezhou, over 10,000 people have been evacuated and economic losses of 200 million yuan ($31.4 million) have been incurred, according to officials. One resident of Hezhou died in hospital after suffering serious injuries during a landslide, while another was crushed to death during a house collapse. More rain and storms are expected to hit Zhejiang, Fujian and Anhui provinces in south China, as well as Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou provinces in the south-west over the next three days, the weather office said.|
|Today||Extreme Weather||Sweden||Dalarna County, Borlange [Peace and Love Music Festival]|
|Seventeen people have been taken to a hospital after being struck by lightning at Sweden’s Peace and Love Music Festival. As shown in the AP photo above, festival organizers set up a makeshift care center to begin transporting people to a local health facility near Borlänge, Central Sweden. “First we saw a lightning flash and then we heard a really loud clap of thunder. The next thing we knew, the ambulances had come,” says witness Amanda Andersen to the Dagens Nyheter newspaper (quote via The Local). Lightning struck the grounds around 3PM on Tuesday, just as the summer concert series was beginning. Rihanna, Mumford and Sons, Regina Spektor, Skrillex, Bloc Party and Billy Idol are just a few of the big-name performers. The people involved have reportedly received only minor injuries, with most “up and walking.” We will continue to update you as more information becomes available.|
Building drought and waves of heat continue to raise concerns about the corn crop and other agriculture in the Midwest to the central Plains.
In most areas, the drought is not as bad as 1988, but the situation has the potential to reach crisis level in part of the Corn Belt with typically the hottest part of the summer ahead.
According to Long Range and Agricultural Meteorologist Jason Nicholls, “Rainfall will be spotty and stingy as waves of heat expand from the central Plains to the Tennessee and Ohio valley states into July.”
The combination of drought and now heat is hitting the corn during the start of its pollination period, which is ahead of schedule by up to several weeks this year, due to warm weather in the spring.
“Essentially, if significant rain does not fall on the corn areas in severe drought over the next couple of weeks, yields could be severely impacted,” Nicholls said.
Part of the drought area includes a large part of the corn belt.
According to the “Hoosier Ag Today,” in Indiana, for example, as pasture conditions deteriorate, more operations were switching to feed hay and grain.
As the temperature climbs to extreme levels as it has already done over the Plains and will be doing over the Ohio Valley states in the coming days and weeks, more livestock will be under stress.
Temperatures surged to over 100 degrees Monday from Montana to Kentucky, Tennessee and Texas and reached the century mark in at least 19 states.
Near-100-degree heat is forecast to nose into the Ohio Valley for a several-day stint later this week into the weekend.
There will be a few clusters of thunderstorms rolling from west to east from the northern Plains into the Northeast through next week. Occasionally, a brief thunderstorm can visit part of the drought and heat area. However, it is not likely to be enough to bring lasting relief.
If the drought persists through July and into August, other crops, such as soybeans, could be seriously impacted.
Most of the rainfall will occur on the northern fringe of the drought area. For example, areas from northern Illinois to northern Ohio are more likely to have a brief downpour on one or two occasions, while areas in Arkansas may receive no rain at all during much of the next two weeks.
Fortunately, much of the northern part of the Corn Belt has been receiving rainfall on a more regular basis and temperatures have been much less extreme.
Evaporation rates of soil moisture in weather patterns like this, during late June and early July are on the order of 1/2 of an inch per day.
While we have not yet reached “cornmaggedon,” the situation is likely to get worse over the next couple of weeks over much of the drought area and a large part of the Corn Belt, rather than better.
Interestingly, money saved by consumers during the warm weather this past winter could be gobbled up by rising cooling costs this summer over the Plains and Midwest.
Potentially higher food prices could occur should the drought expand or worsen and corn yields end up being significantly lower than original expectations.
Many food, feed and fuel-related items utilize corn.
Pray for rain.
Storms, Flooding, Landslides
JACKSONVILLE FL TALLAHASSEE FL
|Active tropical storm system(s)|
|Name of storm system||Location||Formed||Last update||Last category||Course||Wind Speed||Gust||Wave||Source||Details|
|Debby (AL04)||Gulf of Mexico||24.06.2012||27.06.2012||Tropical Depression||125 °||56 km/h||74 km/h||4.88 m||NHC|
|Doksuri (07W)||Pacific Ocean||26.06.2012||27.06.2012||Tropical Storm||285 °||65 km/h||83 km/h||4.27 m||JTWC|
|26.06.2012||Tropical Storm||USA||State of Florida, [Western Coastal Region]|
|Higher than normal waves with spray and some flooding along coastal roads are expected due to the on-shore winds associated with Tropical Storm Debby. Lee County Emergency Operations Center is advising residents and visitors to use extreme caution during the high-tide cycle tonight from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m., and the high-tide cycle tomorrow morning from 5 a.m. to 7 a.m., when driving on coastal roads, and crossing bridges, including the Sanibel Causeway.|
Andrea Mustain, OurAmazingPlanet Staff Writer
|A ghostly Tropical Storm Debby is drenching Florida and surrounding regions.
An unusually early spate of tropical storms has been keeping forecasters busy this year, and now Tropical Storm Debby, the fourth named storm of the Atlantic hurricane season, has set a record — this season marks the first time in more than 150 years that so many storms have showed up so early.
“This is first time we’ve had four tropical storms develop in the Atlantic basin before July 1,” said Dennis Feltgen, a meteorologist and spokesman for the National Hurricane Center in Miami, Fla.
U.S. records for tropical storms and hurricanes stretch back to 1851, Feltgen told OurAmazingPlanet. And although Tropical Storm Debby has broken the century-and-a-half-long record, there is certainly a chance that four storms may have formed this early in the past, yet escaped notice simply because forecasters didn’t have the tools to see them.
“We figure that back in the day there could have been several storms per season that could have been missed,” Feltgen said. “We didn’t have satellites.” Forecasters relied largely on ship reports and on firsthand observations when a storm hit land.
Tropical Storm Debby roared to life over the Gulf of Mexico and attained tropical storm status late in the afternoon on Saturday, June 23.
The first named storm of the season, Tropical Storm Alberto, appeared on May 19, the earliest debut for a named storm since 2003; Tropical Storm Beryl and Hurricane Chris followed. [Infographic: Storm Season! How, When & Where Hurricanes Form]
Storms are christened only once they reach tropical storm strength — meaning an organized, rotating storms with maximum wind speeds of at least 39 mph (63 kph).
Because tropical storms and hurricanes are fueled by warm ocean waters, the areas that have the ingredients required to feed a storm’s fury are more limited earlier in the season, Feltgen said.
The area that is the most favored area of development is pretty narrow, he said, and typically limited to areas of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico and warmer, southern regions of the Atlantic.
“In the grand scheme of the Atlantic basin that’s a relatively small area,” Feltgen said.
However, unusually warm waters didn’t contribute to this year’s early storms — they were generated when storm systems that formed over land moved out over the ocean, said Gerry Bell, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s lead seasonal hurricane forecaster.
“Unless the water is sufficiently warm you’re not going to get a tropical storm, but warm water wasn’t the main ingredient allowing these things to form,” Bell told OurAmazingPlanet. He pointed to disturbances in the jet stream and storm fronts moving out over the water as the main culprits.
“There’s nothing special about that, that’s how storms typically form this time of year,” Bell said.
During the peak of hurricane season, in August, September and October, patches of rough weather that originate in Africa spark the bulk of the storms, Bell said. In addition, tropical waters that have had time to warm up, along with favorable winds, allow more storms to form at that time of the year.
The unusual onslaught of named storms has not altered the outlook for the rest of the season, Bell said, which is forecast to be a near-normal one. Projections for the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season call for a total of nine to 15 named storms, with four to eight of those storms becoming hurricanes.
Tropical Storm Debby is lashing Florida with punishing rains, and is producing dangerous storm surges between 4 and 7 feet (1.2 and 2 meters) along the state’s panhandle. The storm spawned 20 reported tornadoes yesterday (June 24), one of which killed a Florida woman in her home.
Debby has remained parked over the Gulf of Mexico, with much of the severe weather hitting to the east of the center of the storm.
Although the storm has weakened slightly, it is still packing winds of 45 mph (75 kph), and is expected to move only very slowly toward the northeast over the next two days, meaning there is little relief in sight for Florida and Georgia residents.
Reach Andrea Mustain at email@example.com. Follow her on Twitter @AndreaMustain. Follow OurAmazingPlanet for the latest in Earth science and exploration news on Twitter @OAPlanet. We’re also on Facebook & Google+.
Debby has been downgraded to a tropical depression at 8 p.m. after making landfall earlier this evening near Steinhatchee, Fla. The storm will continue to unleash torrential rainfall across northern Florida and southern Georgia as it pushes across the northern counties of the Peninsula overnight.
Maximum sustained winds have weakened to 35 miles per hour. (The latest reports can be found below.)
Major flooding is occurring across portions of Florida as unrelenting rain continues. One to two feet of rain has already poured down across portions of northern and central Florida. Sanborn, Fla., received 20.10 inches of rain in 24 hours alone.
For a larger version of this map (with times in CDT), please visit the AccuWeather.com Hurricane Center.
Emergency management officials issued a voluntary evacuation notice late Monday evening for residents in low-lying areas of Wakulla County, Fla., due to dangerous flooding.
The Florida Highway patrol closed a portion of I-10, the main interstate highway through northern Florida, early Tuesday morning.
Unfortunately, up to another foot of rain will be unleashed across north-central Florida.
The storm has also spawned nearly two dozen tornadoes, which downed power lines, damaged homes and businesses and flipped semi trucks. More damaging winds from thunderstorms and tornadoes are possible as Debby churns in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Central Florida has the greatest risk of severe weather.
According to the National Weather Service, Debby has already claimed the lives of two people.
8:15 p.m. Tuesday EDT: Bridge in danger of failing due to high water from the Steinhatchee River on South Canal Road, just east of Highway 51 in Southern Lafayette County, reported emergency manager.
6:25 p.m. Tuesday EDT : Yards and roads are flooded in Orange Park, Fla. Emergency management reported several ongoing water rescues in Jacksonville, Fla.
5:00 p.m. Tuesday EDT: Debby has made landfall near Steinhatchee, FL. Maximum sustained winds are at 40 mph. Coastal and inland flooding threats remain. Storm should downgrade to a tropical depression this evening and move off the coast near St. Augustine by tomorrow morning.
2:10 p.m. Tuesday EDT: Debby is picking up forward speed. The storm should now make landfall this evening near Cedar Key, Fla.
1:00 p.m. Tuesday EDT: AccuWeather Meteorologists discussed Debby’s landfall. It is anticipated near Cedar Key, Fla., around sunrise Wednesday. Stay tuned for the latest information. Join a live chat with Expert Senior Meteorologist at 6-7 p.m. ET this evening on Twitter by using the hashtag #Accuchat or join a live discussion on Facebook.
11:21 a.m. Tuesday EDT: Meteorologists made a change to rain map to show that Jacksonville, Fla., will be in the core of rain later today and tonight. Watch for flash flooding.
11:0 a.m. Tuesday EDT: Debby has weakened further with 40 mph winds. Flooding remains a threat across northern Florida and southern Georgia.
7:54 a.m. Tuesday EDT: A house was surrounded by water near Woodbine, Ga.
7:38 a.m. Tuesday EDT: U.S> Highway 90 is flooded and closed in downtwon Live Oak, Fla. Several vehicles are reported to be in parking lots with water up to the top of wheelwells about 1.5 feet deep.
6:50 a.m. Tuesday EDT: AccuWeather.com Meteorologist Bill Deger reports that several rivers and waterways in northern Florida are experiencing major flooding or near-record flooding. They include the North Fork Black Creek near Middleburg, the Anclote River at Elfers and the Litle Manatee River at Wimauma.
5:40 a.m. Tuesday EDT: The heaviest rain from Debby is now pushing into southeastern Georgia. Rain will continue to fall at a rate of more than an inch an hour this morning in cities such as Brunswick.
3:00 a.m. Tuesday EDT: AccuWeather.com meteorologists report that the center of Debby appears to be barely moving, while the storm is showing some signs of weakening. However, heavy rains will continue to batter Florida and southern Georgia.
12:45 a.m. Tuesday EDT: 20.10 inches of rain has fallen over the last 24 hours in Sanborn, Fla.
Midnight Tuesday EDT: Doppler radar is indicating wind gusts to near 60 mph are occurring along the coast and inland from Apalachicola to the western Big Bend of Florida.
9:30 p.m. Monday EDT: Emergency management officials have issued a voluntary evacuation notice for residents in low-lying areas of Wakulla County, Fla., an area battered by flooding.
8:00 p.m. Monday EDT: Unconfirmed report of a brief funnel cloud in Lake County, Fla.
7:55 p.m. Monday EDT: Storm total of 11.50 inches of rain in Monticello (Jefferson County), Fla.
6:54 p.m. Monday EDT: 16.26 inches of rain has fallen since midnight in parts of Wakulla County, Fla.
6:02 p.m. Monday EDT: 10 inches of rain has fallen in Woodville (Leon County), Fla. since 1 p.m. today.
5:00 p.m. Monday EDT: Thunderstorm wind gusts measured up to 56 mph in Brevard County, Florida.
2:00 p.m. Monday EDT: The top 72-hour rainfall totals include 12.24″ in Hernando County, 10.34″ in St. Petersburg and 9.97″ in Tampa, Fla.
12:12 p.m. Monday EDT: Water is beginning to approach low-lying homes in eastern and central Wakulla County, Fla.
12:12 p.m. Monday EDT: Knee-deep water reported near Sochoppy, Fla.
12:48 p.m. Monday EDT: According to CNN, the governor of Florida declares a state of emergency due to the severe impact of Debby.
12:00 p.m. Monday EDT: “Winds on radar continue to come down. I expect we will have a depression by the end of the day if not Tuesday AM,” Expert Meteorologist Henry Margusity said. In addition, as a storm moves slowly or stays nearly stationary-as Debby is-upwelling occurs. This means cooler water is pulled to the surface of the ocean. Since tropical systems are fueled by warm water, upwelling can lead to weakening.
Radar’s to Track Debby:
|Key West, FL||Tampa, FL||Miami, FL||Melbourne, FL|
|Tallahassee, FL||Valparaiso, FL||Mobile, AL||New Orleans, LA|
Expert Meteorologists Discuss Debby:
This NOAA satellite image of Debby was taken Tuesday morning.
Thumbnail image tweeted by Chuck B.
By Grace Muller, AccuWeather.com Staff Writer
#siestakey #storm #nofilter #sarasotaCecelia VanSanta day ago
Debby will continue its legacy of flooding rainfall in part of the Deep South before heading eastward into the Atlantic by the end of the week.
Debby was downgraded to a tropical depression this evening after making landfall near Steinhatchee, Fla. The storm now has maximum sustained winds of 35 miles per hour, but will likely intensify once again after it moves off the coast and re-enters the Atlantic by tomorrow morning, according to the AccuWeather.com Hurricane Center.
This is certainly good news as there is now an end in sight to the flooding rainfall. However, coastal and inland flooding threats remain as Debby continues to unleash heavy rain, gusty thunderstorms and rough surf conditions through Wednesday.
Since its start, Debby has produced tremendous rainfall in part of the Deep South. Indications are the storm will continue its flooding legacy until the very end.
While central and northern Florida and southern Georgia residents were in need of rain, the storm has been producing too much of a good thing in many areas.
Over a foot of rain has fallen in portions of Florida the past couple of days. There have been unofficial amounts up to two feet in the Curtis Mill, Fla. area. Sanborn, Fla., received 20.10 inches of rain in 24 hours.
During Sunday into Monday, north-central Florida was clobbered by torrential rain. During Monday into Tuesday, northern Florida, including part of the panhandle, was inundated.
During the middle of the week, the heaviest rainfall is switching to northeastern Florida and the Georgia coast. It is within this area where the greatest danger of new urban and low lying area flooding can occur.
However, additional flooding problems are possible from part of the Florida Panhandle to the central counties of the Sunshine State, due to potential re-firing bands of heavy rainfall.
South of Debby’s track, the risk of locally severe thunderstorms and isolated tornadoes will continue through Wednesday over central and south Florida.
As Debby exits to the east, look for dry air to sweep in from the north and rain to diminish over Florida and coastal Georgia from northwest to southeast Wednesday into Thursday.
There appears to be a little less danger of Debby rapidly strengthening upon reaching the Atlantic coast. However, some regain of strength will occur as the storm moves out to sea.
How quickly the ramp-up occurs will determine how rough surf conditions will get for a time along the southern Atlantic Seaboard from West Palm Beach to Cape Hatteras late in the week into the first part of the weekend.
If only the rain could be spread out, more of the interior South and needy areas such as central and western Georgia, southeastern Alabama and central South Carolina could benefit from the storm. However, it appears Debby’s rain is destined to hug the southeast corner of the United States, due to a large area of high pressure and drought building over the middle of the nation.
As Debby heads out to sea, heat will expand from the middle of the nation reaching much of the East Coast.
A piece of Debby’s moisture did find its way well to the north, in Maine of all places. As a scoop of air high in the atmosphere dipped southward into the Eastern states, it was able to briefly shear off some moisture in the form of drenching rain.
That rain is contributing to flooding problems in the Pine Tree State through Wednesday.
|26.06.2012||Flash Flood||Canada||Province of British Columbia, Sicamous|
|An elderly man has drowned and almost 700 people have been evacuated from their homes after devastating flash floods hit British Columbia Interior over the weekend. A raging river swept away and drowned Edward Posnifkoff, 72, on Saturday evening. He died after a bridge he was standing on collapsed due to the force of the river. Flooding and mudslides have meant almost 700 people in the province have been forced to flee their homes while more than 1,000 are on evacuation alert. A weekend of thunderstorms was the tipping point – causing many of the rivers to burst their banks which then swept away at least one home. Many homes and dozens of cars in Sicamous, situated 480km west of Calgary, were damaged as 350 residents evacuated on Sunday. And the town’s Mayor, Darrell Trouton, warned the worst may be yet to come due to water at higher elevations. ‘We had snowmobilers that were up above indicating that we had continuous rain in the upper levels, and there were ravines with water flow that they’ve never seen before,’ he said. On Monday residents and emergency officials across the region began their clean-up mission as well as filling sandbags to try and protect their properties from any further damage. One resident Judy Latosky, 65, saw Sicamous Creek burst its banks before she fled her home with her twin five-year-old granddaughters. ‘We lost all of our backyard and now it’s just boulders. I looked in this morning and the basement is half full of mud and water. It’s a total loss,’ the grandmother told the news agency. In Central Kootenay, where Posnifkoff died, 30 homes were evacuated. Posnifkoff was identified on Sunday after his body was found in Goose Creek, a short distance from where he was swept away.|
|25.06.2012||Flood||Afghanistan||Province of Ghor , [Ghor-wide]|
|Flash floods have swept northern Afghanistan, killing at least 37 people, Afghan and U.N. authorities said Saturday. More than 100 homes, hundreds of hectares (acres) of farmland and farm animals were been destroyed by the floods that followed four or five days of heavy rain in the region. Abdul Hai Khateby, who is the spokesman in Ghor province, said Saturday that 24 people have been killed in four districts, including the provincial capital of Chaghcharan. “Many, many houses have been destroyed, and there are reports of lots of cattle and other animals being killed,” Khateby said. “It is cloudy and we expect more rain.” The provincial spokesman of Badakhshan, Abdul Marouf Rasekh, said 13 people were killed Friday night in Yaftal district and four other districts have been affected. The Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority said an estimated 135 houses in Badakhshan had been destroyed, forcing residents to flee. The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said many of the unpaved, rutted roads in the area have been severely flooded, making aid distribution difficult. Elsewhere, a bomb exploded at a music store on Saturday in Jalalabad, the provincial capital of Nangarhar in the east. Provincial spokesman Ahmad Zia Abdulzai said the shopkeeper and one of his customers were killed in the blast and two other people were wounded.|
Flash floods have swept northern Afghanistan, killing at least 37 people, Afghan and U.N. authorities said Saturday.
More than 100 homes, hundreds of hectares (acres) of farmland and farm animals were been destroyed by the floods that followed four or five days of heavy rain in the region.
Abdul Hai Khateby, who is the spokesman in Ghor province, said Saturday that 24 people have been killed in four districts, including the provincial capital of Chaghcharan.
“Many, many houses have been destroyed, and there are reports of lots of cattle and other animals being killed,’’ Khateby said. “It is cloudy and we expect more rain.’’
The provincial spokesman of Badakhshan, Abdul Marouf Rasekh, said 13 people were killed Friday night in Yaftal district and four other districts have been affected.
The Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority said an estimated 135 houses in Badakhshan had been destroyed, forcing residents to flee.
The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said many of the unpaved, rutted roads in the area have been severely flooded, making aid distribution difficult.
Elsewhere, a bomb exploded at a music store on Saturday in Jalalabad, the provincial capital of Nangarhar in the east.
Provincial spokesman Ahmad Zia Abdulzai said the shopkeeper and one of his customers were killed in the blast and two other people were wounded.
|25.06.2012||Flood||Canada||Province of British Columbia, Mission|
|As a flood watch continues around B.C., residents were urged to “evacuate when emergency officials request it” by minister of justice and attorney general Shirley Bond Saturday. “We understand how difficult it might be for families to leave their homes, but they are only asked to do that when there is an imminent potential safety risk. When an evacuation order is given, it is essential that everyone consider their safety and that of first responders and leave as requested,” Bond said in a statement. “Emergency management officials don’t want to see the forcible removal of anyone from a property – rather, we depend on individuals to heed the advice of public safety professionals, whose decisions and directions are made with the highest regard for the safety of you and your loved ones,” Bond said. Swollen by melting snow and rain, the Fraser River has reached levels not seen for 40 years and has caused flooding from the province’s interior to the Fraser Valley. Early Sunday, Environment Canada said that a slow-moving low pressure system situated off the coast of Oregon state was expected to drop between 10 to 20 mm on the Arrow Lakes, Slocan Lake and East Kootenay regions. It also forecasted potential development of severe thunderstorms with large hail and damaging winds Sunday afternoon.|
JACKSONVILLE FL CARIBOU ME SPOKANE, WA TAMPA BAY AREA - RUSKIN FL TALLAHASSEE FL DULUTH MN MISSOULA MT TWIN CITIES/CHANHASSEN MN
SPOKANE WA JUNEAU AK
CARIBOU ME PUEBLO CO TAMPA BAY AREA - RUSKIN FL MISSOULA MT
Coastal Flood Advisory/Warning
TAMPA BAY RUSKIN FL
Red Cross official Michael Nataka says the area is known to be a landslide risk
Rescue workers in Uganda have abandoned efforts to find an estimated 70 people believed to be buried in a landslide.
Eighteen people have been confirmed dead after three villages were swept away on the slopes of Mount Elgon.
Uganda’s Red Cross told the BBC efforts were now concentrating on looking after the injured and displaced.
In March 2010, thousands were forced to flee after after a landslide killed more than 350 people in Uganda’s eastern Bududa district.
Ken Kiggundu, director of disaster management for Uganda’s Red Cross, told the BBC that 72 people were still missing.
He added that 480 had been displaced and were now living with relatives and friends following Monday’s landslide, which occurred after a number of days of heavy rain.
“At 2pm, the ground trembled, followed by heavy rumbling of soil and stones which covered our home,” Rachael Namwono, a villager in Bududa district, told Uganda’s private Monitor newspaper.
The Red Cross’s Michael Nataka told the Reuters news agency that there was a need to force people to move from the mountain sides as they tended not to heed the advice that the area was dangerous.
“The Mount Elgon area has had so many places with cracks, so each time there is rainfall for a while, this water just seeps into these cracks and then eventually the landslide happens,” Mr Nataka said.
“There is need for some level of enforcement.”
Steven Malinga, Uganda’s minister for disaster relief, said moving people to safer areas was a priority, but many people refused to move as the villages near Mount Elgon had fertile ground and fewer instances of malaria.
“Eventually we have to pass a law to move people from the top and the sides of the mountain, and find alternative communities where we can relocate them,” the minister told the BBC’s Network Africa programme.
He urged people to move to camps lower down the mountain, where they would be given food, containers for water and utensils.
Last August, at least 24 people were killed when mud washed away homes in the Bulambuli district of eastern Uganda.
|26.06.2012||Landslide||Uganda||Eastern Region, [Villages of Namaga and Bunakasala, Bududa district]|
|A mudslide buried at least 15 houses Monday when it tore through two hamlets in eastern Uganda following heavy rains, the Red Cross said. “We know that at least 15 houses have been buried but we do not know how many people were inside them,” Red Cross spokeswoman Catherine Ntabadde said. She said emergency teams were trawling the site to try to establish the number of people killed in the slide but that local authorities estimate around 80 people live in each hamlet. Nine people have been taken to a nearby hospital with injuries, Ntabadde said. The landslide ripped through the villages of Namaga and Bunakasala in the mountainous Bududa district close to the border with Kenya early on Monday afternoon. After that incident the Ugandan authorities said they would resettle around half a million people living in mountainous areas to lessen the risk of mudslides.|
Radiation / Nuclear
|26.06.2012||Nuclear Event||USA||State of Michigan, Frenchtown Charter Township [Enrico Fermi Nuclear Power Plant]|
|The reactor of the Fermi 2 nuclear plant in Monroe County has been shut down due to an equipment problem. The Monroe Evening News reports crews idled the plant around 1:30 p.m. Monday when its steam condenser lost the vacuum that pulls steam across a series of cooling tubes. The condenser turns steam back into water after it’s used to spin the plant’s turbines. Plant spokesman Guy Cerullo says Fermi 2 “is in a safe, stable condition.” Cerullo says plant operator DTE Energy is investigating the reason for the pressure loss, and he didn’t know when Fermi 2 would be back in operation. He tells The Blade of Toledo, Ohio, that DTE “will operate once” it’s “sure everything is in good shape” and it “can safely operate the plant.”|
Epidemic Hazards / Diseases
|Today||Epidemic Hazard||Canada||Province of Northwest Territories, [Tlicho and Behchoko regions]|
|Drug-resistant bacteria have come up in some N.W.T. communities. The N.W.T. health department says there have been 86 cases of MRSA, which is also known as a ‘superbug’, this year. Half of them are in the Tlicho region and, in Behchoko, which is the largest community. MRSA is a common skin bacteria but a certain strain of it is now resistant to many antibiotics. The symptoms are similar to a staph infection and can cause sore skin and swelling. The infection can spread quickly. “If you have swelling on the skin that doesn’t heal quickly, that gets bigger and hot and painful go see the health centre. The sooner you’re diagnosed, the sooner we can figure it out and get the right treatment for it,” said Dr. Andre Corriveau, the territory’s chief public health officer. Corriveau said people should wash their sheets and clothing often to prevent the bacteria from spreading. Overcrowded housing can also help the bacteria spread. The bacteria were traditionally found in hospitals because of the high use of antibiotics. “But over past decade all over the world it’s starting to spread in communities, and the fact that you haven’t been to a hospital is no guarantee you won’t catch it,” he said. The bacteria have been found in the N.W.T. before. In 2008, health officials warned it was becoming a large problem. Health officials also dealt with an outbreak of the bacteria in 2010. The 2010 outbreak was also concentrated in the Tlicho region.|
|Biohazard level:||3/4 Hight|
|Biohazard desc.:||Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.|
2MIN News June 26, 2012 Canary Islands Awaken
Published on Jun 26, 2012 by Suspicious0bservers
Cyprus Needs Money:
Greek Finance Minister Resigns:
BP Spill Wasn’t the Start:
Magnetism and Superconductivity:
[Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]
[Click online data, and have a little fun]
[Place to find Solar Images and Videos - as seen from earth]
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Gamma Ray Bursts:
[Really? You can't figure out what this one is for?]
BARTOL Cosmic Rays:
[Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]
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[Weather site used by many youtubers]
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|Object Name||Apporach Date||Left||AU Distance||LD Distance||Estimated Diameter*||Relative Velocity|
|(2010 NY65)||27th June 2012||0 day(s)||0.1023||39.8||120 m – 270 m||15.09 km/s||54324 km/h|
|(2008 WM64)||28th June 2012||1 day(s)||0.1449||56.4||200 m – 440 m||17.31 km/s||62316 km/h|
|(2010 CD55)||28th June 2012||1 day(s)||0.1975||76.8||64 m – 140 m||6.33 km/s||22788 km/h|
|(2004 CL)||30th June 2012||3 day(s)||0.1113||43.3||220 m – 480 m||20.75 km/s||74700 km/h|
|(2008 YQ2)||03rd July 2012||6 day(s)||0.1057||41.1||29 m – 65 m||15.60 km/s||56160 km/h|
|(2005 QQ30)||06th July 2012||9 day(s)||0.1765||68.7||280 m – 620 m||13.13 km/s||47268 km/h|
|(2011 YJ28)||06th July 2012||9 day(s)||0.1383||53.8||150 m – 330 m||14.19 km/s||51084 km/h|
|276392 (2002 XH4)||07th July 2012||10 day(s)||0.1851||72.0||370 m – 840 m||7.76 km/s||27936 km/h|
|(2003 MK4)||08th July 2012||11 day(s)||0.1673||65.1||180 m – 410 m||14.35 km/s||51660 km/h|
|(1999 NW2)||08th July 2012||11 day(s)||0.0853||33.2||62 m – 140 m||6.66 km/s||23976 km/h|
|189P/NEAT||09th July 2012||12 day(s)||0.1720||66.9||n/a||12.47 km/s||44892 km/h|
|(2000 JB6)||10th July 2012||13 day(s)||0.1780||69.3||490 m – 1.1 km||6.42 km/s||23112 km/h|
|(2010 MJ1)||10th July 2012||13 day(s)||0.1533||59.7||52 m – 120 m||10.35 km/s||37260 km/h|
|(2008 NP3)||12th July 2012||15 day(s)||0.1572||61.2||57 m – 130 m||6.08 km/s||21888 km/h|
|(2006 BV39)||12th July 2012||15 day(s)||0.1132||44.1||4.2 m – 9.5 m||11.11 km/s||39996 km/h|
|(2005 NE21)||15th July 2012||18 day(s)||0.1555||60.5||140 m – 320 m||10.77 km/s||38772 km/h|
|(2003 KU2)||15th July 2012||18 day(s)||0.1034||40.2||770 m – 1.7 km||17.12 km/s||61632 km/h|
|(2007 TN74)||16th July 2012||19 day(s)||0.1718||66.9||20 m – 45 m||7.36 km/s||26496 km/h|
|(2007 DD)||16th July 2012||19 day(s)||0.1101||42.8||19 m – 42 m||6.47 km/s||23292 km/h|
|(2006 BC8)||16th July 2012||19 day(s)||0.1584||61.6||25 m – 56 m||17.71 km/s||63756 km/h|
|144411 (2004 EW9)||16th July 2012||19 day(s)||0.1202||46.8||1.3 km – 2.9 km||10.90 km/s||39240 km/h|
|(2012 BV26)||18th July 2012||21 day(s)||0.1759||68.4||94 m – 210 m||10.88 km/s||39168 km/h|
|(2010 OB101)||19th July 2012||22 day(s)||0.1196||46.6||200 m – 450 m||13.34 km/s||48024 km/h|
|(2008 OX1)||20th July 2012||23 day(s)||0.1873||72.9||130 m – 300 m||15.35 km/s||55260 km/h|
|(2010 GK65)||21st July 2012||24 day(s)||0.1696||66.0||34 m – 75 m||17.80 km/s||64080 km/h|
|(2011 OJ45)||21st July 2012||24 day(s)||0.1367||53.2||18 m – 39 m||3.79 km/s||13644 km/h|
|153958 (2002 AM31)||22nd July 2012||25 day(s)||0.0351||13.7||630 m – 1.4 km||9.55 km/s||34380 km/h|
|(2011 CA7)||23rd July 2012||26 day(s)||0.1492||58.1||2.3 m – 5.1 m||5.43 km/s||19548 km/h|
|(2012 BB124)||24th July 2012||27 day(s)||0.1610||62.7||170 m – 380 m||8.78 km/s||31608 km/h|
Meteor reports of the latest worldwide meteors, fireballs and bolides worldwide. Report a Meteor/fireball/bolide worldwide and join the worldwide community of nightsky meteor fireball and bolide reporters and watchers. Owner LunarMeteorite*Hunter, Dirk Ross, Tokyo, Japan. All Rights Reserved – Copy allowed with link citation ONLY http://lunarmeteoritehunters.blogspot.com/ .
Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Environmental Hazards
|Today||Biological Hazard||USA||State of Hawaii, Kahana [Hololani Resort]|
|A 16-year-old California girl was the reported victim of a shark attack at the beach fronting the Hololani Resort in Kahana this morning. The victim from Livermore had a 4-to-5 inch avulsion to her left calf. Fire crews responded to the 9:52 a.m. call at 4401 Lower Honoapiilani Highway. Fire personnel provided medical treatment and dressed the wound. Family members took the teenager for treatment in their own vehicle. County ocean safety and the state Department of Land and Natural Resources are treating this incident as a shark attack. The beach has been closed until 6:45 this evening. State officials will reassess the situation at that time to determine whether to keep the beach closed or reopen it to the public.|
|Biohazard name:||Shark attack (Non-Fatal)|
|Biohazard level:||0/4 —|
|Biohazard desc.:||This does not included biological hazard category.|
Lisa Schnirring Staff Writer
Jun 26, 2012 (CIDRAP News) – Mexican veterinary authorities are intensifying avian influenza control efforts in a region that houses several large commercial farms after further tests determined that the strain responsible for more than 200,000 bird deaths at three farms is the highly pathogenic H7N3 subtype.
The events represent the first highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in Mexican flocks since the country battled H5N2 in the mid 1990s.
In a follow-up report submitted today to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), Mexican animal health officials said intravenous pathogenicity tests revealed the highly pathogenic H7N3 subtype. The initial report on Jun 21 said preliminary tests suggested a low-pathogenic H7 subtype.
The outbreaks began at three large commercial farms in Jalisco state on Jun 13, causing clinical signs in the layer flocks that included gasping, lethargy, fever, and death. The disease sickened 587,160 of more than 1 million susceptible birds, killing 211,424 of them. About 60,000 have been culled so far to curb the spread of the virus.
Today’s update said that, based on the latest test results, authorities are sampling birds at about 60 poultry farms near the outbreak area, and quarantine measures are under way in the region, which has about 500 production units. Full gene sequencing and an epidemiologic investigation to determine the source of the virus are also in progress.
Jalisco state, in western Mexico, is the country’s top egg producer.
Officials have also limited poultry movements near the outbreak area and are testing birds at commercial farms, backyard flocks, and poultry markets. They are also assessing biosecurity practices and overseeing depopulation efforts at the affected farms, according to the OIE report.
David A. Halvorson, DVM, an avian health expert at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul, told CIDRAP News that Mexico’s last high pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks occurred in 1994 and 1995 and involved H5N2. He added that low-pathogenic H5N2 circulated in the country for several years.
He said that in some parts of Mexico, large populations of backyard poultry, live poultry markets, and commercial farms exist without adequate separation between them.
Halvorson said US poultry producers, especially those in Texas, are always cautious about the potential for disease introduction from indirect contact with Mexican poultry. Halvorson added Mexican workers support poultry farmers in the West and Midwest, which presents another reason for caution.
John Glisson, DVM, PhD, director of research programs for the US Poultry and Egg Association, said in an e-mail statement to CIDRAP News, “The US poultry industry would strongly agree with the idea that the disease should be dealt with quickly and that quarantine of these farms and elimination of infected flocks would be a prudent measure.”
According to background information from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), poultry imported from all countries except Canada must be quarantined for at least 30 days at a USDA Animal Import Center and be accompanied by import permits and veterinary health certificates. Canadian poultry entering the United States must be accompanied by a veterinary health certificate issued within 30 days of import date.
In 2004, highly pathogenic H7N3 outbreaks in British Columbia’s Fraser Valley led to the culling of 19 million birds, and two related human infections were confirmed.
The patients, both men who had been exposed to infected poultry on the farms, were the first known H7N3 infections in humans. Both had conjunctivitis with mild flulike symptoms, according to a December 2004 report on the cases in Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Neither patient mounted an H7 antibody response, which led researchers to suggest that the men had highly localized, rather than systemic, infections.
Jun 26 OIE report
Jun 21 OIE report
Dec 2004 Emerg Infect Dis report
USDA background on poultry imports
CIDRAP avian flu overview on agriculture and wildlife considerations
One turtle dies, an entire species becomes extinct. That’s the story of 100-year-old giant tortoise Lonesome George. His death on at Galapagos National Park’s breeding centre marked the end of his kind.
Lonesome George was discovered on Pinta Island in 1972, at a time when giant tortoises of his kind – known as Geochelone nigra abingdoni – were already believed to be extinct. Instead, it appeared that he was the last one.
All attempts to breed the tortoise failed.
“The plight of Lonesome George provided a catalyst for an extraordinary effort by the government of Ecuador to restore not only tortoise populations throughout the archipelago but also improve the status of other endangered and threatened species,” the park said.
There are 20,000 giant tortoises remaining in the Galapagos. They are believed to have a lifespan of up to 200 years.
Lonesome George’s death is a wake-up call. Species at risk of extinction can, in fact, become extinct, despite the best efforts of scientists to protect and repopulate the species.
Here’s a list of species we’ve lost in the last 40 years.
Currently at risk of meeting the same fate is the greater bamboo lemur. Like Lonesome George, this lemur was rediscovered in 1972 long after it was believed to be extinct. Less than 250 remain, with a captive breeding programme in Madagascar hoping to help the critically endangered bamboo-eating primates thrive.
The New Zealand greater short-tailed bat might be extinct already, with the last population estimate coming in at fewer than 50.
Thanks to widespread hunting – and habitat destruction – lowland gorillas are now also considered critically endangered. Conservation areas now exist in numerous national parks in Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo and Gabon. These efforts also aim to protect the species from the deadly Ebola virus.
Fortunately, just as we have tragic tales of species lost, we have a history of species saved. Prairie dogs, whooping cranes, grizzly bears and bald eagles are on the list of species that have been rebounded from risk of extinction.
Human intervention isn’t always successful. But since we’re often at fault for a species’ demise in the first place, shouldn’t it be our responsibility to at least try to protect what’s left?
|Exxon Mobil Corp reported a leak in a supply line on the T1 tower at its 502,000 barrel per day (bpd) refinery in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, that led to a release of benzene, according to a filing with the National Response Center. The incident happened around 7:56 a.m local time on Monday. The line was isolated to stop the leak and the leak should be secured within an hour, the filing said. The Baton Rouge refinery is the third largest in the United States|
Articles of Interest
Twenty-year-old models which have suggested serious ice loss in the eastern Antarctic have been compared with reality for the first time – and found to be wrong, so much so that it now appears that no ice is being lost at all.
“Previous ocean models … have predicted temperatures and melt rates that are too high, suggesting a significant mass loss in this region that is actually not taking place,” says Tore Hattermann of the Norwegian Polar Institute, member of a team which has obtained two years’ worth of direct measurements below the massive Fimbul Ice Shelf in eastern Antarctica – the first ever to be taken.
According to a statement from the American Geophysical Union, announcing the new research:
It turns out that past studies, which were based on computer models without any direct data for comparison or guidance, overestimate the water temperatures and extent of melting beneath the Fimbul Ice Shelf. This has led to the misconception, Hattermann said, that the ice shelf is losing mass at a faster rate than it is gaining mass, leading to an overall loss of mass.
The team’s results show that water temperatures are far lower than computer models predicted …
Hatterman and his colleagues, using 12 tons of hot-water drilling equipment, bored three holes more than 200m deep through the Fimbul Shelf, which spans an area roughly twice the size of New Jersey. The location of each hole was cunningly chosen so that the various pathways by which water moves beneath the ice shelf could be observed, and instruments were lowered down.
The boffins also supplemented their data craftily by harvesting info from a biology project, the Marine Mammal Exploration of the Oceans Pole to Pole (MEOP) effort, which had seen sensor packages attached to elephant seals.
“Nobody was expecting that the MEOP seals from Bouvetoya would swim straight to the Antarctic and stay along the Fimbul Ice Shelf for the entire winter,” Hattermann says. “But this behaviour certainly provided an impressive and unique data set.”
Normally, getting sea temperature readings along the shelf in winter would be dangerous if not impossible due to shifting pack ice – but the seals were perfectly at home among the grinding floes.
Overall, according to the team, their field data shows “steady state mass balance” on the eastern Antarctic coasts – ie, that no ice is being lost from the massive shelves there. The research is published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.
This is good news indeed, as some had thought that huge amounts of ice were melting from the region, which might mean accelerated rates of sea level rise in future.
Conservative estimates indicate that the 2010 BP oil disaster released over 200 million gallons of oil into the Gulf, followed by at least 1.8 million gallons of dispersants. While the use of dispersants helped mitigate the public relations disaster by preventing the persistent formation of surface oil, as well as keeping many beaches visibly untouched, they also drove the oil deeper into the water column (and food chain) rendering a 2-dimensional problem (surface oil) into a 3-dimensional one. Additionally, research indicates that dispersants prevent the biodegradation of toxic oil components, as well as increasing dispersant absorption into fish from between 6 to 1100 fold higher levels.
Since the event, both the mainstream media and the government have acted as if the oil disappeared, and that no significant health risks remain for the millions still consuming contaminated seafood from the Gulf.*
Now, a new study published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives has revealed that the 2010 BP Gulf oil disaster resulted in widespread contamination of Gulf Coast seafood with toxic components from crude oil.1 In fact, levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in shrimp were found to exceed the FDA’s established thresholds for allowable levels [levels of concern (LOCs)] for pregnant women in up to 53% of Gulf shrimp sampled.
PAHs are well-known carcinogens and developmental toxicants, which is why the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is obligated to set risk criteria and thresholds for allowable levels of exposure to them.**
In the new study the authors set out to evaluate the degree to which the FDA’s procedures for determining the safety of Gulf seafood after the BP disaster reflect the current risk assessment guidelines and practices, as produced by other authoritative entities, including the National Research Council (NRC), the World Health Organization (WHO), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the California EPA. The authors focused on cancer risk associated with shellfish consumption, looking at whether or not the FDA’s guidelines protect the most vulnerable populations, e.g. pregnant women, infants.
The authors discovered a glaring discrepancy between the FDA Gulf seafood risk assessment (FDA 2010a) and the FDA’s own prior practice with risk assessment guidelines produced by other authoritative entities.
The FDA’s risk assessment was found to be seriously flawed because of the following six questionable assumptions:
The questionable assumptions include six main issues: a) high consumer body weight, b) low estimates of seafood consumption, c) failure to include a cancer risk assessment for naphthalene, d) failure to adjust for early-life susceptibility to PAHs, e) short exposure duration, and f) high cancer risk benchmarks. Taken together, these flaws illustrate a failure to incorporate the substantial body of evidence on the increased vulnerability of subpopulations to contaminants, such as PAHs, in seafood.
Their final conclusion was as follows
Environmental risk assessment requires the use of scientifically founded assumptions and appropriate default estimates about the exposed population, the intensity and duration of exposure, and the dose – response relationship. The risk assessment methods used by the FDA to set safe exposure levels for Gulf Coast seafood after the oil spill do not incorporate current best practices and do not protect vulnerable populations. The FDA’s conclusions about risks from Gulf seafood should be interpreted with caution in coastal populations with higher rates of seafood consumption and in vulnerable populations such as children, small adults, and pregnant women. Our analysis demonstrates that a revised approach, using standard risk assessment methods, results in significantly lower acceptable levels of PAHs in seafood and identifies populations that could be at risk from contaminants in Gulf Coast seafood. Health advisories targeted at high-end consumers would better protect vulnerable populations such as pregnant women, women who may become pregnant, and children. Our approach did not address infant exposure to PAHs via maternal seafood consumption and lactational transfer. The NRC (2008) found up to 50-fold interindividual variability in cancer risk and recommends incorporation of estimates of uncertainty, as well as population risk distributions, into future risk assessments. Improved public health protection from contaminants in food will require reforming FDA risk assessment practices.
Taken together, these findings demonstrate that the FDA’s conclusion that there are no significant risks to Gulf populations from oil spill – related contaminants in seafood are incorrect, and reckless when it comes to the health of the most vulnerable populations.
With reports now surfacing in mainstream media outlets on the appearance of eyeless shrimp and mutant fish, this latest finding probably only scratches the surface of a health problem in the Gulf titanic in proportions.
1 Seafood contamination after the BP Gulf oil spill and risks to vulnerable populations: a critique of the FDA risk assessment. Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Feb ;120(2):157-61. Epub 2011 Oct 3. PMID: 21990339
*Sixty percent of domestic shrimp and 70% of domestic oysters are sourced from the Gulf.
**The inherent absurdity of determining “an acceptable level of harm” is often overlooked
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