GOLD BEACH, Ore. – Six earthquakes between magnitude 1.6 and 2.1 rumbled under the ocean less than 20 miles off the Oregon Coast in the last week, according to U.S. Geologic Survey records.
The most recent – and most powerful – hit early Tuesday morning.
And two quakes over 4.0 shook last week about 240 miles off Bandon.
Small quakes hit Oregon on a regular basis, both on and off coast.
Last Thursday, for example, a magnitude 1.4 shook 8 miles northeast of Springfield, and a 1.5 magnitude earthquake rumbled 11 miles east of Woodburn just before 9:30 a.m. Tuesday morning.
But for residents of the Oregon Coast, earthquakes – and the tsunamis they can trigger – have taken on renewed importance since March 2011.
The earthquake and tsunami that devastated parts of Japan last year caused damage on the Oregon Coast and continue to deliver debris to Northwest beaches.
The USGS told KCBY News that the recent swarm of quakes pose little tsunami risk. The plates involved move sideways instead of up and down, and earthquakes under magnitude 6 are not likely to generate tsunamis.
by Staff Writers
Reno NV (SPX)
University of Nevada – Reno seismologist Glenn Biasi spent eight days in the dense forests on the western side of the Southern Alps on the South Island of New Zealand to study the Alpine Fault, among the world’s longest, straightest and fastest moving plate boundary faults. Photo courtesy University of Nevada, Reno. Credit: Photo courtesy University of Nevada, Reno.
A new study published in the prestigious journal Science, co-authored by University of Nevada, Reno’s Glenn Biasi and colleagues at GNS Science in New Zealand, finds that very large earthquakes have been occurring relatively regularly on the Alpine Fault along the southwest coastline of New Zealand for at least 8,000 years.
The Alpine Fault is the most hazardous fault on the South Island of New Zealand, and about 80 miles northwest of the South Island’s main city of Christchurch.
The team developed evidence for 22 earthquakes at the Hokuri Creek site, which, with two additional from nearby, led to the longest continuous earthquake record in the world for a major plate boundary fault.
The team established that the Alpine Fault causes, on average, earthquakes of around a magnitude 8 every 330 years. Previous data put the intervals at about 485 years.
Relative motion of Australian and Pacific plates across the Alpine Fault averages almost an inch per year. This motion builds up, and then is released suddenly in large earthquakes.
The 530-mile-long fault is among the longest, straightest and fastest moving plate boundary faults in the world. More than 23 feet of potential slip has accumulated in the 295 years since the most recent event in A.D. 1717.
Biasi, working with the GNS Science team led by Kelvin Berryman, used paleoseismology to extend the known seismic record from 1000 years ago to 8,000 years ago. They estimated earthquake dates by combining radiocarbon dating leaves, small twigs and marsh plants with geologic and other field techniques.
“Our study sheds new light on the frequency and size of earthquakes on the Alpine Fault. Earthquakes have been relatively periodic, suggesting that this may be a more general property of simple plate boundary faults worldwide,” Biasi, of the Nevada Seismological Laboratory said.
“By comparison, large earthquakes on California’s San Andreas Fault have been less regular in size and timing.”
“Knowing the average rate of earthquakes is useful, but is only part of the seismic hazard equation,” he said.
“If they are random in time, then the hazard does not depend on how long it has been since the most recent event.
“Alpine Fault earthquakes are more regular in their timing, allowing us to use the time since the last earthquake to adjust the hazard estimate. We estimate the 50-year probability of a large Alpine fault earthquake to be about 27 percent.”
A magnitude 7.1 earthquake centered near Christchurch, the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, caused extensive damage to buildings on Sept. 2, 2010, and no deaths.
On Feb. 22, 2011, a triggered aftershock measuring magnitude 6.3, with one of the strongest ground motions ever recorded worldwide in an urban area, struck the city killing 185 people.
Among other seismic work, Biasi has conducted research on earthquake recurrence on the San Andreas Fault and is a contributor to the Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast-3 project, which is developing earthquake probabilities for the California Earthquake Authority. He is a research associate professor in the College of Science’s Mackay School of Earth Sciences and Engineering.
The Santa Rosa Plateau ‘Volcano’ fire (Daniel Lane)
Updated @ 4 p.m.: The fire has grown to 400 acres and is reported to be 20 percent contained, according to a Riverside County Fire Department report.
Updated @ 3:02 p.m.: According to a Riverside County Fire Department report, the fire has progressed to 225 acres.
No evacuations have been reported, according to Riverside County Sheriff’s Sgt. Geoff Green.
Sgt. Green, who said Sheriff’s Department officials were at the scene in the event that evacuations were ordered, said, “Cal Fire has done a great job of knocking this down as much as possible.”
No injuries have been reported at this time.
Updated @ 2:41 p.m.: Reports on scene are that some homes in the area are threatened and that evacuations are underway.
Updated @ 1:36 p.m.: Riverside County Fire Department officials report that the fire has spread to 200 acres and is less than 5 percent contained.
Check out more video here: Dramatic video shows Volcano fire devastation
Updated @ 1:19 p.m.: Tenaja residents Janet and Warren Franks report that they are experiencing black smoke and can see flames in the distance.
According to the Franks, no evacuation orders have yet been imposed but roads in the area have been blocked off.
The residents do not believe their home is in jeopardy at this time.
Video of Volcano fire in Santa Rosa Plateau courtesy of Daniel Lane:
Updated @ 12:56p.m.: Riverside County Fire Department officials have reported that the fire has scorched 100 acres in the city of La Cresta and is now being managed along with United States Forest Service (Cleveland).
Original: Cal Fire and Riverside County Fire Department first responders are on the scene of a vegetation fire burning at Tenaja Road and Via Volcano in De Luz, it was reported today.
The Santa Rosa Plateau ‘Volcano’ fire (Daniel Lane)
As of noon, the blaze had consumed 15 acres at a moderate rate of spread, according to a Riverside County Fire Department report.
No injuries or evacuations have been reported at this time.
The cause of the fire is under investigation.
This is a developing story. Check back with SWRNN for more details as they come available.
*Stephanie D. Schulte contributed to this report.
Extreme Temperatures/ Weather
TULSA OK WICHITA KS
TULSA OK AMARILLO TX LITTLE ROCK AR NORMAN OK SHREVEPORT LA SAN ANGELO TX HUNTSVILLE AL SPRINGFIELD MO MEMPHIS TN FORT WORTH TX LUBBOCK TX
|Updated:||Tuesday, 31 July, 2012 at 08:36 UTC|
|The Fire and Disaster Management Agency said Tuesday that 16 people died and 8,670 were taken to hospital due to heatstroke in the week of July 23-29. Temperatures have remained high across the nation for 10 days in a row as a high pressure system lingers over Japan. The mercury has topped 35 degrees in more than 110 locations across Japan each day, the Japan Meteorological Agency said. Of the number of people taken to hospital, 3,717 were aged 65 or older, the Fire and Disaster Management Agency said. By prefecture, Aichi had the most number of heatstroke victims at 668. The Meteorological Agency said the heatwave is expected to continue at least until next Saturday.|
|01.08.2012||Heat Wave||South Korea||Capital City, Seoul|
|The first heat wave warning was issued in Seoul Wednesday since the heat wave alarm system was adopted in 2008, according to the state’s weather agency. A heat wave advisory had been in effect in Seoul since last month but weather officials said it was replaced with the heat wave warning because the temperature had soared. The warning is issued if the temperature is expected to remain above 35 degrees Celsius for two or more consecutive days. From July 22 through 30, temperatures remained above 30 degrees Celsius across the nation. The Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) also issued a warning in some other cities in Gyeonggi, Chungcheong, and Jeolla provinces. The western part of the country is hotter because the wind that flows into the region gets heated while crossing Taebaek Mountains, according to the agency. Meanwhile, the number of people who have died from heat stroke or heat exhaustion has increased over the past few days. Police said six people between the ages of 50 to 70 died in July – five of them between July 24 and 30 when the country was sizzling in the heat wave. All died while working or staying outside. The number of people who have been hospitalized due to heat-related illnesses came to 366 as of Monday. During the past week patients increased exponentially as 211 out of the total 366 visited hospitals between Wednesday and Monday, according to the weather agency.|
The National Weather Service forecasts highs near 113 degrees this afternoon; 109 on Thursday; 107 on Friday; and 102 on Saturday for Tulsa.
Highs are expected to finally sink to the 90s again by Sunday, when a slight chance of showers and thunderstorms is forecast for Tulsa.
Tulsa reached its hottest temperature of the calendar year on Tuesday, 112 degrees. Tulsa finished the month of July with 1.38 inches of rain, almost 2 inches below normal for the month.
Excessive heat warning
The weather service extended its heat warning for northeast Oklahoma until 7 p.m. Friday.
Counties under the warning are: Adair, Cherokee, Craig, Creek, Delaware, Haskell, Mayes, McIntosh, Muskogee, Nowata, Okfuskgee, Okmulgee, Osage, Ottawa, Pawnee, Pittsburg, Rogers, Sequoyah, Tulsa, Wagoner and Washington.
According to the weather service, these areas are expected to have high temperatures in the 105- to 115-degree range each afternoon, with overnight lows in the mid- to upper 70s. More urbanized areas in Tulsa County are expected to have overnight lows in the mid- to upper 80s.
Burn bans still in effect
County commissioners extended Tulsa County’s burn ban through next week.
For more information, visit tulsaworld.com/burnban.
FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE
POCATELLO ID GLASGOW MT GREAT FALLS MT RIVERTON WY BILLINGS MT CHEYENNE WY MISSOULA MT
RAPID CITY SD
By Samantha Kramer, AccuWeather.com Staff Writer
From a historically low number of tornadoes to exceptional drought and heat across much of the nation, July was a month of extremes.
(Photo courtesy of Photos.com)
The Tornado Drought
In the United States, July 2012 saw one of the lowest numbers of tornadoes on record since 1951.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reported 12 “preliminary” tornadoes in the month of July, a number which usually drops after the administration investigates the actual counts. Last July, however, a total of 103 tornadoes were counted, which is even lower than the three-year average between 2009-2011 of 122 tornadoes.
The jet stream responsible for tornado-producing wind shear moved farther north into Canada. The result was a burst in tornado activity in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan, which borders Montana and North Dakota.
Canada’s official weather office Environment Canada reported between 26 and 31 tornadoes in Saskatchewan, more than double the province is used to seeing in July. On July 24, five tornadoes hit Saskatchewan in one day.
The Haboob Hubbub
A haboob is defined as a dust storm with strong winds created by a thunderstorm downburst.
Phoenix, Ariz., has been hit by seven of these dirt storms in the 2012 summer, with five of them occurring in July. According to NOAA, the city experiences an average of three haboobs per year from June to September.
The most recent haboob occurring just yesterday in Sun Lakes, Ariz., these storms can reduce visibility to near-zero.
Because this summer is transiting into an El Nino, AccuWeather.com Expert Senior Meteorologist Ken Clark said the United States should experience a particularly “robust” monsoon season.
More thunderstorm activity from an active monsoon season could be the fuel behind the fire of Phoenix’s haboobs.
This July, 171 all-time high-temperature records were broken or tied throughout the country, according to NOAA.
Additionally, a total of 4,313 daily highs and 299 monthly highs were matched or broken in July. Adding to June’s total of 4,100 records (daily, monthly and all-time combined) this summer is in the running to be the hottest ever recorded.
Along with the heat, much of the Great Plains struggled with drought conditions. In the “High Plains,” which the U.S. Drought Monitor denotes as Wyoming, Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas, 76 percent of the region was experiencing severe drought.
According to the U.S. Drought Monitor, 56 percent of the contiguous United States are experiencing drought conditions, the most widely spread drought in the Monitor’s 12-year history.
The Northwest was an exception: Alaska actually broke 43 daily-high precipitation records in July. Nome, Alaska, received almost triple the amount of normal rainfall for July and was 0.73 inches away from getting a month’s worth of rain in just one day. The state of Washington also broke or matched 73 daily-high precipitation records and 2 all-time high records.
by Staff Writers
Corvallis OR (SPX)
Pinyon pine forests near Los Alamos, N.M., had already begun to turn brown from drought stress in the image at left, in 2002, and another photo taken in 2004 from the same vantage point, at right, show them largely grey and dead. (Photo by Craig Allen, U.S. Geological Survey)
The chronic drought that hit western North America from 2000 to 2004 left dying forests and depleted river basins in its wake and was the strongest in 800 years, scientists have concluded, but they say those conditions will become the “new normal” for most of the coming century. Such climatic extremes have increased as a result of global warming, a group of 10 researchers reported in Nature Geoscience. And as bad as conditions were during the 2000-04 drought, they may eventually be seen as the good old days.
Climate models and precipitation projections indicate this period will actually be closer to the “wet end” of a drier hydroclimate during the last half of the 21st century, scientists said.
Aside from its impact on forests, crops, rivers and water tables, the drought also cut carbon sequestration by an average of 51 percent in a massive region of the western United States, Canada and Mexico, although some areas were hit much harder than others. As vegetation withered, this released more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, with the effect of amplifying global warming.
“Climatic extremes such as this will cause more large-scale droughts and forest mortality, and the ability of vegetation to sequester carbon is going to decline,” said Beverly Law, a co-author of the study, professor of global change biology and terrestrial systems science at Oregon State University, and former science director of AmeriFlux, an ecosystem observation network.
“During this drought, carbon sequestration from this region was reduced by half,” Law said. “That’s a huge drop. And if global carbon emissions don’t come down, the future will be even worse.”
This research was supported by the National Science Foundation, NASA, U.S. Department of Energy, and other agencies. The lead author was Christopher Schwalm at Northern Arizona University. Other collaborators were from the University of Colorado, University of California at Berkeley, University of British Columbia, San Diego State University, and other institutions.
It’s not clear whether or not the current drought in the Midwest, now being called one of the worst since the Dust Bowl, is related to these same forces, Law said. This study did not address that, and there are some climate mechanisms in western North America that affect that region more than other parts of the country.
But in the West, this multi-year drought was unlike anything seen in many centuries, based on tree ring data. The last two periods with drought events of similar severity were in the Middle Ages, from 977-981 and 1146-1151. The 2000-04 drought affected precipitation, soil moisture, river levels, crops, forests and grasslands.
Ordinarily, Law said, the land sink in North America is able to sequester the equivalent of about 30 percent of the carbon emitted into the atmosphere by the use of fossil fuels in the same region. However, based on projected changes in precipitation and drought severity, scientists said that this carbon sink, at least in western North America, could disappear by the end of the century.
“Areas that are already dry in the West are expected to get drier,” Law said. “We expect more extremes. And it’s these extreme periods that can really cause ecosystem damage, lead to climate-induced mortality of forests, and may cause some areas to convert from forest into shrublands or grassland.”
During the 2000-04 drought, runoff in the upper Colorado River basin was cut in half. Crop productivity in much of the West fell 5 percent. The productivity of forests and grasslands declined, along with snowpacks. Evapotranspiration decreased the most in evergreen needleleaf forests, about 33 percent.
The effects are driven by human-caused increases in temperature, with associated lower soil moisture and decreased runoff in all major water basins of the western U.S., researchers said in the study.
Although regional precipitations patterns are difficult to forecast, researchers in this report said that climate models are underestimating the extent and severity of drought, compared to actual observations. They say the situation will continue to worsen, and that 80 of the 95 years from 2006 to 2100 will have precipitation levels as low as, or lower than, this “turn of the century” drought from 2000-04.
“Towards the latter half of the 21st century the precipitation regime associated with the turn of the century drought will represent an outlier of extreme wetness,” the scientists wrote in this study.
These long-term trends are consistent with a 21st century “megadrought,” they said.
|Active tropical storm system(s)|
|Name of storm system||Location||Formed||Last update||Last category||Course||Wind Speed||Gust||Wave||Source||Details|
|Saola (10W)||Pacific Ocean||28.07.2012||02.08.2012||Typhoon I.||0 °||139 km/h||167 km/h||4.88 m||JTWC|
|Damrey (11W)||Pacific Ocean||29.07.2012||02.08.2012||Typhoon I.||295 °||120 km/h||167 km/h||5.49 m||JTWC|
|AL05||Atlantic Ocean||02.08.2012||02.08.2012||Tropical Depression||285 °||56 km/h||74 km/h||4.88 m||NHC|
|Today||Tropical Storm||Taiwan||Multiple Regions, [Northern areas]|
|A slow-moving typhoon spawning torrential rains slammed into eastern Taiwan early Thursday, flooding farmlands, disrupting transportation and turning the normally bustling capital of Taipei into a ghost town. The storm made landfall near the eastern coastal city of Hualien just before daybreak, before veering northward and hugging the coast. It was expected to pass near the northern port city of Keelung and skirt the Taipei suburbs by midday. Packing sustained winds of 118 km/h and gusts of 155 km/h, Saola’s slow speed — only 12 km/h — made it a virtual certainty that the heavy rains inundating northern Taiwan for the past 48 hours would continue through the weekend. That raised the prospect of potentially devastating flooding in areas that have already absorbed more than 1,000 millimeters of rain since Tuesday. Authorities ordered offices and businesses closed throughout northern Taiwan, including in Taipei. Normally busy streets in the capital were deserted during the morning rush hour, as cleanup crews laboured to clear them of hundreds of trees and branches felled during the night by Saola’s ferocious approach. Television footage showed hectare upon hectare of flooded farmland in low-lying coastal areas, punctuated by scenes of raging rivers and roads blocked by mudslides in the island’s mountainous centre. The Defence Ministry mobilized 48,000 soldiers to help mitigate the storm’s impact, dispatching many to help hard-pressed farmers try to save threatened fruit and vegetable harvests. Dozens of flights were cancelled at Taipei’s main international airport, and rail transport throughout the island was disrupted.|
|01.08.2012||Storm Surge||Philippines||Province of Agusan del Norte, [Butuan Bay ]|
|At least 63 fishermen either survived or were rescued from a smashing big wave at dawn on Wednesday in Butuan Bay in Agusan del Norte, many of them who were alerted tying themselves at their boats as lifelines. Rescue workers said, however, that the number could still rise as survivors told them of other fishermen floating at the distance. They also said they could not identify who the other fishermen were and where they came from. Ryan Osores, 33, said all six fishermen from his group of six small fishing boats reached ashore Barangay 10 of Buenavista town, at 8 a.m., four hours after a rogue big wave smashed through the fishing boats that scattered off Butuan Bay. He said they spread their nets shortly after the moon disappeared from the horizon at 4 a.m. Moments later, all were surprised by a big wave that rammed through their boats. Though pitched dark, he was able to spot another fisherman, Julius Montebon, from Purok 3, also of Barangay 10, already standing atop a capsized boat and waving for help. “I told him not to mind his net anymore and save himself,” he said. All of them steered through the waves to reach shore. Marife N. Rosales, training officer at the Butuan City Search and Rescue Team (Busart), said many sustained only minor bruises and three complained of elevated blood pressure, with one of them, Norman Tirona, 35, rushed to the Buenavista clinic nearby.
The Busart rescuers said 29 fishermen came from Barangay 10, seven from Barangay Tinago and 26 from Manapa. Other fishermen from these villages rushed to the mid sea to rescue them, many of whom did not leave the scene until they have secured their fishing nets. Osores and five others were the first ashore at 8 a.m. but the others were able to come back at 10 a.m. The seven others who were earlier declared missing were located alive by midafternoon of the same day. A Swedish national, who resided at the coast of Barangay 10, said he pitied the fishermen in the place for going to sea without life vests. “It’s disheartening to see them leave for the deep sea with vests, when it could definitely save them,” he said, but requesting not to be named. He said he was a fisherman also but used big fishing boats that would sometimes take them to the waters off Norway. “I’ve seen friends and known fishermen who were lost to sea. With a vest, they could survive at least another hour in the frigid waters, but here, locals could survive for days with a life vest,” he said. “It’s crazy, but there must [be] a law that should require fishermen to put on a life vest,” he said.
|Today||Tornado||Vietnam||Bac Lieu Province, [The area was not defined.]|
|Freak tornadoes swept through three southern provinces early yesterday killing two people, injuring about 75 others and destroying nearly 700 homes. Thousands of people are reported to have been left homeless by the high-speed storms, which lasted for less than half an hour each. In Bac Lieu Province, a tornado took one life and injured another 12. Bac Lieu province have sent rescue forces to help the victims. Head of the Bac Lieu flood and storm control steering committee Lai Thanh An said that in two districts, Phuoc Long and Hong Dan, more than 200 houses were severely damaged by the wind. Earlier reports said that 50 homes in the province had also been totally destroyed. He said that in Phu Dong commune, 60 houses were damaged. The exact damage to farming in the province is still being assessed.|
|Today||Tornado||Vietnam||Soc Trang Province, [The area was not defined.]|
|Freak tornadoes swept through three southern provinces early yesterday killing two people, injuring about 75 others and destroying nearly 700 homes. Thousands of people are reported to have been left homeless by the high-speed storms, which lasted for less than half an hour each. In Soc Trang Province, residents reported that two tornadoes struck in one hour, killing one resident and injuring about 59 others. According to preliminary reports, Soc Trang suffered the worst damage. A total of 110 houses were completely destroyed and another 226 damaged, said a spokesman for the Soc Trang People’s Committee. One family in Soc Trang who lost a family member will receive VND4.5 million (US$210) from the Government, while those injured will receive VND3 million ($140).|
|01.08.2012||Tornado||USA||State of Virginia, [Accomack County]|
|While several residents in the Accomack County area reported a tornado formed Wednesday morning, the National Weather Service has yet to declare a tornado actually formed. A tornado warning is issued if a tornado has been spotted or conditions are favorable for one to form. The NWS issued a tornado warning for Accomack County after residents captured a funnel cloud on camera. A marine warning was also issued for the Eastern Shore area, after a strong line of thunderstorms continued to move through. Those storms produced winds of 34 knots. “Thunderstorms can produce sudden waterspouts,” the NWS said. “Waterspouts can easily overturn boats and create locally hazardous seas. Seek safe harbor immediately.” In the event of a tornado warning, residents are urged to take cover immediately and stay away from windows. Get into the lowest point of your home. Those in mobile homes and vehicles should seek other shelter.|
Courtesy Josh Deere
The tornado that touched down on Colorado’s Mount Evans last weekend is the second-highest ever recorded by the National Weather Service.
A twister that touched down in Colorado’s high-country on Saturday is estimated to be the second-highest tornado ever recorded in the U.S. by the National Weather Service.
There were four different reported sightings of the high-altitude hit the northeast side of Mount Evans — a prominent mountain located about 60 miles west of Denver. The National Weather Service estimates the tornado’s touched down at about 11,900 feet in elevation.
Bob Glancy, a National Weather Service meteorologist in Boulder, Colo., told NBC News that this tornado above the treeline is “not unheard of,” but “just unusual.” Most tornadoes in high terrain are weak, he said.
For the last two decades, Colorado has averaged 50 tornadoes a year. But Glancy said the “vast majority” occur on the plains east of Interstate 25.
Colorado Springs resident Josh Deere told The Denver Post he saw the funnel as he was driving with his family to the top of Mount Evans.
“As we drove past it, we were able to look back and had some spectacular views of it as it spun and then eventually broke up as it entered the mountain cove,” Deere told the Post.
The highest recorded tornado occurred in 2004, according to Glancy, over Rockwell Pass in California’s Sequoia National Park. That twister was estimated to be at 12,000 to 12,500 feet.
Once considered to be once-in-100-year events, giant dust storms are pounding the U.S. state of Arizona. In a summer of excessive heat and extreme drought, this is not good news.
Since June, five dust storms have plagued Arizona’s famous valley area. On July 29, Phoenix looked more like Saharan Africa than the well-manicured American Southwest. A massive dust cloud, referred to as a haboob—an Arabic word meaning strong wind—blanketed the metropolitan area. The cloud was 2,000 feet tall and nearly 60 miles wide.
Although not the largest dust storm to hit the area, tree limbs and power poles were snapped, causing 9,000 homes to lose power. The Sky Harbor Airport was shut down for 20 minutes.
These huge dust storms form during the monsoon season that runs from June until the end of September. They are so destructive because of the fine dust particles that manage to permeate everywhere during the storm.
According to experts, these storms are becoming more frequent. It is not just the big storms that pose problems. Phoenix experienced three dust storms in a row the last week of July—which is considered very rare. USA Today stated: “This means more deadly accidents, more harmful pollution and more health problems for people breathing in the irritating dust particles.”
The potential health threats from the storms are far more serious than just breathing in irritating dust particles. The fine dust can carry a poisonous mix of fungi, heavy metals from pollution, fertilizers, stockyard fecal matter, chemicals and bacteria, which can cause cardiovascular disease, eye diseases and other illnesses such as valley fever.
Valley fever, caused by the Coccidioides fungus present in desert soil, can be fatal. Valley fever is contracted when desert soil is thrown into the air and breathed in. Arizona has 70 percent of the valley fever cases reported nationally. The cases of valley fever in Arizona were up by 36 percent in Arizona between 2010 and 2011.
It was in July 2011 that the largest dust storm ever observed hit the Phoenix area. Medical experts believe that the advance of the huge dust storms in 2011 could be one of the causes for the increase in cases of valley fever.
Other dangers associated with these dust storms are the traffic accidents that result from the blinding conditions of the blowing dust. Between the period of 2001 through 2005, dust storms caused 44 deaths in 2,323 traffic accidents in New Mexico and 15 deaths in 614 accidents in Arizona.
Experts say that because of excessive heat and dry conditions, residents in Arizona’s valley area can expect more dust storms.
For more information on other problems Americans are facing because of the drought of 2012, be sure to read columnist Brad Macdonald’s article “The Global Consequences of America’s Drought.” •
|Today||Hailstorm||USA||State of Indiana, Oakland City|
|Residents of a southwestern Indiana county began cleaning up Wednesday following a severe storm that brought much-needed rain but also damaged homes, caused power outages and pummeled one community with hail during a parade. Gibson County Sheriff George Ballard said four people were slightly injured Tuesday in Oakland City when large hail swept through, sending attendees running for cover during the parade kicking off the community’s annual Sweet Corn Festival. Ballard said three of those were minor injuries treated on the scene while the fourth person, a woman, was taken to a hospital with a foot injury. Ballard told the Evansville Courier & Press the first storm warning came at 5:50 p.m., 10 minutes before the parade was scheduled to begin. He said the storm hit the town about 25 miles northeast of Evansville at around 6:20 p.m. with high winds and hail that National Weather Service observers reported in some cases were as large as baseballs. However, Oakland City Fire Chief Jim Deffendall said in a telephone interview that no storm warnings were in effect when the decision was made to let the parade start. Weather experts told parade organizers the storm would pass east of the community, but then it changed direction and hit the parade route, he said. The parade was halted less than halfway through the route, with participants running to nearby homes, Deffendall said. “By the time the sirens went off, it was on us,” Deffendall said. “We stopped it and made everyone get off the floats.” Deffendall said he and Oakland City Police Chief Alec Hinsley had the authority to cancel the parade.|
|Today||Flash Flood||USA||State of Connecticut, Naugatuck|
|A state of emergency was declared in Naugatuck Wednesday after flash flooding caused damage, street closures and evacuations. The flooding, which occurred after several inches of rain fell in a short period of time, prompted officials to open Naugatuck’s Emergency Operations Center at 4 p.m., according to Lt. Robert Harrison, Police Department spokesman. Hartford was notified, he said. Gov. Dannel P. Malloy toured flood damage Wednesday night, along with Naugatuck Mayor Robert Mezzo and other officials. Malloy offered Naugatuck some assistance in the form of state Department of Transportation vehicles and dump trucks to help with cleanup, Harrison said. Two apartment buildings, one on Prospect Street and the other on Trowbridge Place, were evacuated. He said flood waters “compromised the buildings,” in particular after water seeped into electrical systems. He said residents were not immediately allowed back into their apartments. A shelter was initially set up at the Naugatuck Senior Center with only one resident taking advantage of the shelter. That person was later relocated by the Red Cross to a local hotel, Harrison said. Other residents were able to find places to spend the night, he added. He didn’t have a count of how many people were displaced. Flood waters caused several roads to buckle as well as the collapse of a retaining wall on Rubber Avenue, he said. Mezzo, in his blog, said that as of 8 p.m. Wednesday several roads were “compromised.” He said Scott Street at Andrew Avenue was closed, as was Arch Street by the former Risdon property. Brook Street was partially closed, he said. Barricades were set up along Nettleton and Moore avenues and also along Wooster Street near Fairview Lane, restricting access to certain portions of the roads. “All other roads are open for travel,” Mezzo said. Exits 26, 27 and 28 off Route 8 were closed temporarily, but by 8 p.m. had been reopened, Harrison said. No injuries were reported.|
|Today||Flash Flood||USA||State of Arizona, [Phoenix - north]|
|Flood waters in the Phoenix area were receding Wednesday, a day after firefighters rescued a baby and several other people who were trapped in their vehicles. A dust and monsoon storm late Tuesday carried pea-sized hail and forced the closure of a well-traveled highway, flooded homes, knocked out power to area residents and collapsed a backyard fence. Firefighters rescued nine people from four vehicles on a highway west of Interstate 17 near Phoenix. Drivers on that part of State Route 74 were rerouted Wednesday during morning rush-hour traffic onto an alternate east-west route that is used for trips to and from Las Vegas. The five-mile stretch of highway reopened Wednesday afternoon when storm runoff subsided. Phoenix Fire Capt. Scott McDonald said it took an hour to rescue the people from their vehicles Tuesday amid the fast-moving water that rose to 4 feet at one point, the Arizona Republic reported. Nearby, homes in Anthem quickly filled with water. Residents were cleaning up Wednesday from the storm that turned their streets into a muddy river, destroyed one home and felled trees. Vides’ neighbor was standing by a fence when it collapsed and the water knocked her over, sending her swimming. A slight chance of thunderstorms is forecast for the Phoenix area Friday and through the weekend. The National Weather Service says any storms that develop could produce lightning, gusty winds and heavy rainfall.|
|01.08.2012||Flash Flood||USA||State of New York, New York City [Queens ]|
|Torrential downpours flooded basements and stranded several vehicles in parts of Queens on Wednesday. The National Weather Service said more than 2 inches of rain had fallen between about 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. A flash flood warning for Queens, Brooklyn and Staten Island expired at 2 p.m.|
Krymsk: The Flood (RT documentary)
Published on Jul 28, 2012 by RussiaToday
It happened suddenly at night. There was no electricity; no help was coming. Streets became rivers and houses were drowned by meters of water. A deluge of mud and water swept through the city. People tried to survive by any means. Some sought refuge on their roofs; others scrambled up trees. Rescue services and volunteers flocked in the next day, but it was too late – 171 lives had been claimed by the onslaught. All the people of the city of Krymsk hope for now that such a disastrous flood will never happen again.
Watch more on RT’s documentary channel
Epidemic Hazards / Diseases
|01.08.2012||Epidemic Hazard||Uganda||Western Uganda, [Kibaale District, Mbarara and the Capital City (Kampala)]|
|Updated:||Wednesday, 01 August, 2012 at 18:29 UTC|
|The number of Ebola cases in Uganda has increased during the past few days, a spokesman from the World Health Organization tells SHOTS. But the outbreak is still limited to a small region. “Accumulatively to date, there are 36 suspected or confirmed cases,” WHO’s Gregory Hartl says. “All cases are in the Kibaale district,” a rural region west of Uganda’s capital, Kampala. Laboratory tests, conducted by the Uganda Virus Research Institute and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, have confirmed Ebola infection in 5 people. The specific strain of the virus is Ebola Sudan, which has caused 5 outbreaks in Africa since 1976, including one in Uganda that killed 224 people in 2000. Ebola Sudan typically kills about 50 percent of people infected.
A team, led by the CDC, WHO and Uganda’s Ministry of Health, are now at the scene to determine the scope of the outbreak and then control it. This involves a strategy known as contact tracing. “You take every patient who is infected or suspected of infection and ask who they’ve been in contact with,” Hartl explains. “Then you go find those people and do the same.” All people in contact with the virus must be isolated and watched for 21 days, CDC spokesman Tom Skinner says. “Only once you’ve [i.e. all suspects] gone through 2 21-day periods can you be sure that the outbreak is over.” This is a massive undertaking, but it’s one of the only options for stopping a deadly virus that has no cure or vaccine. The current Ebola outbreak 1st appeared at Ugandan clinics in early July 2012, but it was initially confused with cholera. Doctors didn’t suspect Ebola until tests for cholera came back negative and a clinician got sick. “In Ebola outbreaks, health care workers often get infected because you touch somebody and can get the virus,” Hartl says. Despite this ease of transmission, he says, Ebola rarely spreads outside a small geographic region. One infected person traveled to a hospital in Kampala, triggering reports that the Ebola outbreak had spread to the capital city. But Hartl says there are no signs that people in Kampala have been infected.
2MIN News August 1, 2012
Published on Aug 1, 2012 by Suspicious0bservers
[Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]
[Click online data, and have a little fun]
[Place to find Solar Images and Videos - as seen from earth]
[SOHO; Lasco and EIT - as seen from earth]
[Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI - as seen from the side]
[Just click it... trust me]
[All purpose data viewing site]
[Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL:
[That cool alert map I use]
JAPAN Radiation Map:
Gamma Ray Bursts:
[Really? You can't figure out what this one is for?]
BARTOL Cosmic Rays:
[Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]
[Tornado Forecast for the day]
[Clouds over America]
[Weather site used by many youtubers]
[GREAT News Site!]
Incredible Solar Anomalies 2012 HD
Published on Jul 18, 2012 by StephenHannardADGUK
Some incredible unexplained objects seen in greater detail using various filtering techniques. I will be creating another video analysing some of these strange objects in greater detail shortly, including some I did not include in this video. The stills and raw footage i have, contain much more detail, mainly because as with any conversion to video some slight distortion and loss of definition is unavoidable.
Apart from running these clips through various filtering programs I have developed, and some editing, no other manipulation has been done, so believe, or don’t believe what your seeing, I don’t care either way.
Thanks to Mike (Blackwards1) for helping me find the missing frames to the heat signature object, thanks also to Anon (you know who you are) for sending me the full unedited UFO/Fibre clip, your help was much appreciated.
As with all my videos, no re-uploads, copying in full or in part etc is allowed without permission, anyone violating my copyright in any way without asking, will suffer the penalty.
Follow ADG on Twitter:
SuperWave Theory 2012 Earth Changes 1 of 3
Uploaded by zerosum2012 on Nov 20, 2007
You can listen to the whole interview here..radiorbit dot com/archives.htm
Dr. LaViolette can be found here…
Dr. LaViolette is credited with the discovery of the planetary-stellar mass-luminosity relation which demonstrates that the Sun, planets, stars, and supernova explosions are powered by spontaneous energy creation through photon blueshifting. With this relation, he successfully predicted the mass-luminosity ratio of the first brown dwarf to be discovered. In addition, Paul LaViolette has developed a new theory of gravity that replaces the deeply flawed theory of general relativity. Predicted from subquantum kinetics, it accounts for the electrogravitic coupling phenomenon discovered by Townsend Brown and may explain the advanced aerospace propulsion technology utilized in the B-2 bomber. He is the first to discover that certain ancient creation myths and esoteric lores metaphorically encode an advanced science of cosmogenesis. His contributions to the field of Egyptology and mythology may be compared to the breaking of the Rosetta Stone hieroglyphic code.
SuperWave Theory 2012 Earth Changes 2 of 3
SuperWave Theory 2012 Earth Changes 3 of 3
- The Most Interesting Article Of The Day, PAUL A. LaViolette, A Scientist On The Scale Of Tesla Living Today. (investigatorsillinoismissouri.com)
|Object Name||Apporach Date||Left||AU Distance||LD Distance||Estimated Diameter*||Relative Velocity|
|(2012 DS30)||02nd August 2012||0 day(s)||0.1224||47.6||18 m – 39 m||5.39 km/s||19404 km/h|
|(2000 RN77)||03rd August 2012||1 day(s)||0.1955||76.1||410 m – 920 m||9.87 km/s||35532 km/h|
|(2004 SB56)||04th August 2012||2 day(s)||0.1393||54.2||380 m – 840 m||13.72 km/s||49392 km/h|
|(2000 SD8)||04th August 2012||2 day(s)||0.1675||65.2||180 m – 400 m||5.82 km/s||20952 km/h|
|(2006 EC)||06th August 2012||4 day(s)||0.0932||36.3||13 m – 28 m||6.13 km/s||22068 km/h|
|(2006 MV1)||07th August 2012||5 day(s)||0.0612||23.8||12 m – 28 m||4.79 km/s||17244 km/h|
|(2005 RK3)||08th August 2012||6 day(s)||0.1843||71.7||52 m – 120 m||8.27 km/s||29772 km/h|
|(2009 BW2)||09th August 2012||7 day(s)||0.0337||13.1||25 m – 56 m||5.27 km/s||18972 km/h|
|277475 (2005 WK4)||09th August 2012||7 day(s)||0.1283||49.9||260 m – 580 m||6.18 km/s||22248 km/h|
|(2004 SC56)||09th August 2012||7 day(s)||0.0811||31.6||74 m – 170 m||10.57 km/s||38052 km/h|
|(2008 AF4)||10th August 2012||8 day(s)||0.1936||75.3||310 m – 690 m||16.05 km/s||57780 km/h|
|37655 Illapa||12th August 2012||10 day(s)||0.0951||37.0||770 m – 1.7 km||28.73 km/s||103428 km/h|
|(2012 HS15)||14th August 2012||12 day(s)||0.1803||70.2||220 m – 490 m||11.54 km/s||41544 km/h|
|4581 Asclepius||16th August 2012||14 day(s)||0.1079||42.0||220 m – 490 m||13.48 km/s||48528 km/h|
|(2008 TC4)||18th August 2012||16 day(s)||0.1937||75.4||140 m – 300 m||17.34 km/s||62424 km/h|
|(2006 CV)||20th August 2012||18 day(s)||0.1744||67.9||290 m – 640 m||13.24 km/s||47664 km/h|
|(2012 EC)||20th August 2012||18 day(s)||0.0815||31.7||56 m – 130 m||5.57 km/s||20052 km/h|
|162421 (2000 ET70)||21st August 2012||19 day(s)||0.1503||58.5||640 m – 1.4 km||12.92 km/s||46512 km/h|
|(2007 WU3)||21st August 2012||19 day(s)||0.1954||76.0||56 m – 120 m||5.25 km/s||18900 km/h|
|(2012 BB14)||24th August 2012||22 day(s)||0.1234||48.0||27 m – 60 m||2.58 km/s||9288 km/h|
It’s official: the Southern Ocean sucks
By Richard Chirgwin •
The world’s oceans are known to be carbon sinks, but the process that draws CO2 from the air down into the deep ocean hasn’t been documented.
A team of British and Australian scientists have identified huge plunging currents – as much as 1,000 kilometers wide – that appear to be key to the process of storing CO2 in the deep ocean. Those currents, the researchers say, are the result of local eddies (resulting from a combination of wind, currents, and massive whirlpools) that create localized pathways down from the surface.
Published in Nature Geoscience, the research used Argo robotic floats to help explore ocean dynamics up to 2 Km down, along with analysis of temperature, salinity, and pressure data.
The Argo floats – 80 in total – were deployed in 2002 and collected data for ten years as the basis of this research. CTD (conductivity, density and temperature) profilers were also used to collect data at depths of up to 7 Km, the researchers say.
The Southern Ocean is an important carbon sink (at least for those who believe that anthropogenic carbon emissions are driving climate change – a list which now includes formerly skeptical scientist Richard Muller). It’s calculated to take up as much as 40 percent of the CO2 absorbed by oceans (which in turn soak up a quarter of total annual emissions).
The British Antarctic Survey’s Dr Jean-Baptiste Sallée says the study means scientists are “better placed to understand the effects of changing climate and future carbon absorption by the ocean.”
Collaborator Dr Richard Matear of Australia’s CSIRO noted that while observations had measured the CO2 found in the deep ocean, it’s important to identify the pathways used to get there – particularly since significant climate change could change the behavior of those processes.
Southern Ocean currents are also affected by other atmospheric changes like ozone depletion, which could also change its effectiveness as a carbon sink.
He told The Conversation that the processes the team is researching “sets how much carbon the ocean can take up”.
As well as mapping the processes for incorporation in future modeling, the scientists believe the research could also help assess the effectiveness of methods proposed to increase the ocean’s carbon capture. ®
Articles of Interest
New Delhi (CNN) — India suffered its second massive power failure in two consecutive days Tuesday, depriving as many as 600 million people — half the country’s population — of electricity and disrupting transportation networks for hours.
The first power grid collapse, on Monday, was the country’s worst blackout in a decade. It affected seven states in northern India that are home to more than 350 million people.
Tuesday’s failure was even larger, hitting eastern and northeastern areas as well. Both blackouts cut power in the capital, New Delhi, where residents sweltered.
Several hours later, by 9:30 p.m., power had been largely restored, the Power Grid Corporation of India reported on its website
Power in New Delhi and in the northeastern region was fully restored; electricity was 86% restored to the northern region, and 79% restored in the eastern region, it said.
The two days of disruption in the third-largest Asian economy has raised questions about its investment in infrastructure.
With about 1.2 billion people, India has the world’s second-largest population, behind China.
At least 300 trains were held up in the affected regions, said Anil Kumar Saxena, a spokesman for Indian Railways.
New Delhi’s metro system also suffered delays before power was restored, causing chaos for many travelers. Traffic signals also were out, resulting in major jams.
During the blackout, one traveler in New Delhi told CNN-IBN that her journey home had taken almost three hours, rather than the usual 40 minutes. “Long night ahead, with no lights — I’ve got my trusty solar lamp ready for the night,” she said.
An elderly woman said she would rely on candles and flashlights to get through the outage, which she blamed on poor governance.
Other travelers told CNN-IBN of ruined plans to visit relatives and long waits at stifling stations.
Miners in the Burdwan District of West Bengal state were hit by the blackout too.
The district’s top administrator, O.S. Meena, told CNN that 150 coal miners were working underground when the outage struck, stopping lifts.
Authorities switched to emergency supplies to run the elevators, he said. “All are safe,” Meena said about the miners.
Monday’s grid failure struck early Tuesday. By dawn, many backup power systems had run out of fuel; power was partially restored after about six hours, authorities said.
Airports and hospitals, running on backup power, remained operational, but many businesses closed, said Jyoti Kamal, senior editor for CNN-IBN.
The cause of the problem was the failure to generate sufficient power to keep pace with surging demand, he said.
Power is considered a luxury in much of India, where a third of households don’t have enough to power even one light bulb, according to last year’s census.
They tend to be more common during the summer, when demand rises.
Some of this summer’s increased demand has been caused by farmers using more energy for irrigation and other tasks, in part because rains during this year’s monsoon season, which began June 1, are down by more than a fifth. People are also using air conditioning units more to cope with high humidity.
The monsoon rains,which last through September but would normally be at their heaviest in July and early August, not only provide rain for agriculture and hydroelectric power, but serve as a natural coolant, said CNN meteorologist Brandon Miller.
Humidity exceeding 80% makes the mid-90s Fahrenheit temperatures feel like more than 100 Fahrenheit. This makes it harder for buildings to cool at night, and harder for people to cool themselves through evaporation of perspiration, all of which lead to higher energy demands, Miller said.
Power Minister Sushilkumar Shinde, who has ordered an investigation into Monday’s outage, said it had been a decade since an entire grid last failed in north India.
He said that the cause of this week’s blackouts is not known but that some states, particularly agricultural areas, may have been using more than their share of energy.
Prakash Javadekar, a member of India’s main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party, criticized the government for what he said was “a huge failure of management in the power sector.”
India — the world’s fourth-largest consumer of electricity — relies on coal for much of its energy but also uses hydroelectric power, which has been affected by the diminished monsoon rains.
Observers say the crisis has exposed the need for India to update its infrastructure to meet its growing power needs.
“Economic growth is constrained by inadequate infrastructure,” among other factors, the U.S. State Department’s country report on India says.
“Foreign investment is particularly sought after in power generation,” it adds, as well as areas including telecommunications, roads and mining.
CNN’s Jethro Mullen, Mallika Kapur and Jennifer Delgado contributed to this report.
[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes 'FAIR USE' of any such copyrighted material.]