Earth Watch Report - Biological Hazards
Male Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea) engorged with blood. This flea is the primary vector of plague in most large plague epidemics in Asia, Africa, and South America. Both male and female fleas can transmit the infection.
Image Source : Wikimedia.Org
|Biological Hazard||Peru||Province of Ascope, Mocan [District of Casa Grande]|
|The Regional Health Management reported Tuesday, 10 Dec 2013, the 1st victim in 2013 of pneumonic plague in the La Libertad region. It is a 17-year-old, according to the regional manager of health, Jose Evangelista. The regional official did not name the victim, although it was known that he lived with his family in the village of Mocan, located in the district of Casa Grande, in the province of Ascope. As reported by Evangelista, before entering Trujillo Regional Teaching Hospital, where the victim died, he spent several hours in the home of relatives in the village El Milagro in Huanchaco district center. In the area, said the regional manager of health, would have been about 150 families. Therefore, a health brigade came to the area to conduct a campaign to prevent the plague bacteria from spreading.|
|Biohazard name:||Plague (pneumonic)|
|Biohazard level:||4/4 Hazardous|
|Biohazard desc.:||Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.|