Earth Watch Report - Earthquakes
2014-03-10 05:18:13 UTC
- 2014-03-10 05:18:13 UTC
- 2014-03-09 21:18:13 UTC-08:00 at epicenter
- 2014-03-10 00:18:13 UTC-05:00 system time
40.829°N 125.134°W depth=16.6km (10.3mi)
- 77km (48mi) WNW of Ferndale, California
- 81km (50mi) W of Eureka, California
- 85km (53mi) WNW of Fortuna, California
- 87km (54mi) W of McKinleyville, California
- 398km (247mi) NW of Sacramento, California
The March 10, 2014 Mw6.9 earthquake off the coast of northern California occurred as the result of the oblique strike slip motion on a fault approximately 80 km offshore of Eureka, California. The preliminary location places the earthquake within the Juan de Fuca plate (or Gorda subplate), which subducts beneath northern California, Oregon, and Washington at a rate of ~23 mm/yr. This location is outboard of the trench in the oceanic crust. The earthquake was widely felt along the coast of northern California and southern Oregon, particularly in the city of Eureka.
The general tectonics of this region are characterized by transitions between oceanic subduction of the Juan de Fuca plate beneath the Pacific northwest region and the continuation of the San Andreas Fault offshore. The intersection of the Juan de Fuca, North America, and Pacific plates forms the Mendocino Triple Junction off the west coast of California, with the subduction zone extending to the north and the San Andreas Fault diverging to the west offshore and continuing to the south. The offshore extension of the San Andreas Fault and southern extent of the Juan de Fuca plate are defined by the easternmost exposure of the Mendocino Fracture Zone. Several large earthquakes have occurred in this region since 1900 within 100 km of the March 2014 event, including events of M7.2 in 1922, M7.1 in 1923, M7.3 in 1980, M7.0 in 1994, M7.2 in 2005, as well as several events near the coast or inland of California, including the 1992 M7.2 Petrolia earthquake with its M6.6 and M6.4 aftershocks. Most recently, an earthquake of M6.5 in January 2010 with a similar faulting mechanism to the March 2014 event occurred.
Depth, distance reduce impact of California quake
EUREKA, Calif. — One of the largest earthquakes to hit California in decades rattled the state’s northern coast, but its depth and distance from shore reduced the impact on land, where there were no reports of injuries or damage, scientists and authorities said on Monday.
The magnitude-6.8 quake struck at 10:18 p.m. PDT Sunday and was centered 50 miles west of Eureka and about 10 miles beneath the Pacific seabed, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. It was initially reported as a magnitude-6.9, but later downgraded.
By late Monday morning, it had already produced 20 aftershocks of magnitude-3.5 or larger, and more were expected over the coming days, said Keith Knudsen, deputy director of the USGS’s Earthquake Science Center in Menlo Park, Calif.
Knudsen said there was also a 5 to 10 percent chance of a larger quake in the area in the next week.
Sunday’s quake was felt widely across the region, but both fire and sheriff’s officials in Humboldt County said they had no reports of any damage or injuries. Humboldt County includes most of the populated areas closest to the epicenter.
Earthquake Today: 6.9-Magnitude Quake Rattles N. California
EUREKA, Calif. (AP) — A powerful magnitude-6.9 earthquake struck late Sunday night off the coast of Northern California, but there were no immediate reports of injury or damage and no danger of a tsunami, officials said.
The temblor struck at 10:18 p.m. PDT and was centered 50 miles west of Eureka and about four miles beneath the Pacific seabed, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. It was followed by about a half-dozen aftershocks, including one of magnitude 4.6.
There were no reports of any damages or injuries though the quake was felt widely and strongly, according sheriff’s and fire officials in Humboldt County, which includes most of the populated areas near the epicenter.
The National Tsunami Warning Center said there was no tsunami danger for the region.
Northern California unscathed by 6.8 offshore quake
(Reuters) – A series of small aftershocks continued to rattle the extreme northern coast of California on Monday, hours after a magnitude 6.8 earthquake shook the town of Eureka and an area extending into Oregon and Nevada with no reports of damage.
The main tremor, which struck at about 10:30 p.m. on Sunday, was centered in the Pacific about 50 miles west of Eureka and 10 miles beneath the ocean floor, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.
While earthquakes of that size can unleash widespread destruction if they score a direct hit on an urban area, as the 1994 Northridge quake did in Los Angeles, the impact of Sunday’s tremor was largely buffered by its location out at sea, seismologists said.
Shaking from the quake was felt most strongly by residents in Eureka, a coastal community about 270 miles north of San Francisco, and the nearby town of Arcata, site of Humboldt State University, the USGS reported.
But no tsunami warnings were issued, and the morning watch commander for the Eureka police department, Sergeant Steve Watson, said there were no reports of injuries or damage to property in town.