Category: Global Disaster Watch


Daily International News

Rose Komono poses for a picture at a health clinic after overcoming the Ebola virus, in Gueckedou, Guinea, April 3, 2014.

Rose Komono poses for a picture at a health clinic after overcoming the Ebola virus, in Gueckedou, Guinea, April 3, 2014.

VOA News
The World Health Organization says the death toll from the Ebola outbreak in West Africa has risen to at least 135.In a Thursday statement the WHO says Guinea’s health ministry had reported a total of 122 deaths, while 13 deaths had been reported by Liberian health officials.The WHO says officials are investigating more than 200 suspected or confirmed cases of the virus in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

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KING 5.com

 

Climate change increasing massive wildfires in West

Climate change increasing massive wildfires in West

Credit: Draysen Brooks Bechard

Wildfire near Wenatchee, 2013.

by Doyle Rice, USA TODAY

Posted on April 19, 2014 at 11:06 AM

Updated today at 11:09 AM

 

Massive wildfires are on the increase in the Western US due to rising temperatures and worsening drought from climate change, and the trend could continue in the decades to come, new research suggests.

Overall, the number of large wildfires increased by a rate of seven fires a year from 1984 to 2011, while the total area damaged by fire increased at a rate of nearly 90,000 acres per year, according to the study, published this week in Geophysical Research Letters, a journal of the American Geophysical Union (AGU).

The study comes against the backdrop of what could to be a disastrous year for fires in the West, especially drought-plagued California, which even saw fires in the normally quiet month of January.

Though relatively calm this week, “Expect dry and windy conditions to develop over the Southwest Tuesday and Wednesday,” according to a forecast Friday from the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise. By May, “Above normal significant fire potential will expand over portions of Southern, Central and Northern California,” the NIFC predicted earlier this month.

 

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ENERGY TECH

Alberta investing in CCS for oil sands


by Daniel J. Graeber
Edmonton, Alberta (UPI) Apr 18, 2013


Canada gives OK to West Coast LNG terminal
Calgary, Alberta (UPI) Apr 17, 2013 – The approval of an export license for Triton LNG Ltd. from a port in British Columbia gives Canadian energy companies access to new markets, a regulator said.
Canada’s National Energy Board gave approval for a 25-year application to send about 320 million cubic feet of liquefied natural gas per day from a port to be located either at Kitimat or Prince Rupert, British Columbia.NEB said the approval is in response to the glut of natural gas in North America.

“One of the major impacts of this increase is lower demand for Canadian gas in traditional gas markets in the United States and eastern Canada,” it said in a statement Wednesday. “As a result, the Canadian gas industry is seeking to access overseas gas markets.”

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper has sought to add a layer of diversity to an energy export economy that depends on the United States. Asian markets are among the world’s largest consumers of LNG and Harper recently signed a free-trade deal with South Korea.

NEB said the terminal for LNG hasn’t been constructed yet and needs further regulatory approval before it can begin.

 

The provincial government in Alberta, Canada, said it set aside more than $1 billion for carbon storage and storage facilities for oil sands projects.

Provincial Energy Minister Diana McQueen said two projects tied to the oil sands sector would be able to store more than 2.7 million tons of carbon dioxide each year.

“With [these projects], we are showing the world we take the responsible development of our resources seriously and we’re becoming a world leader in CCS technology,” she said in a statement Thursday.

Alberta holds some of the largest oil deposits in the world at its Athabasca deposit, located in the east of the province.

The heavier grade of crude oil found there is seen as a threat to the environment because it’s carbon-intensive to produce.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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An open-pit mine in the oil sands, Fort McMurray, Alberta

Pictures: Satellite Views of Canada’s Oil Sands Over Time

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Scientists Find 7,300-Mile Mercury Contamination ‘Bullseye’ Around Canadian Tar Sands

By Emily Atkin December 30, 2013 at 1:45 pm Updated: December 30, 2013 at 1:31 pm

Scientists Find 7,300-Mile Mercury Contamination ‘Bullseye’ Around Canadian Tar Sands

Just one week after Al Jazeera discovered that regulatory responsibility for Alberta, Canada’s controversial tar sands would be handed over to a fossil-fuel funded corporation, federal scientists have found that the area’s viscous petroleum deposits are surrounded by a nearly 7,500-square-mile ring of mercury.

Canadian government scientists have found that levels of mercury — a potent neurotoxin which has been found to cause severe birth defects and brain damage — around the region’s vast tar sand operations are up to 16 times higher than regular levels for the region. The findings, presented by Environment Canada researcher Jane Kirk at an international toxicology conference, showed that the 7,500 miles contaminated are “currently impacted by airborne Hg (mercury) emissions originating from oilsands developments.”

The Canadian government touts Alberta’s oil sands as the third-largest proven crude oil reserve in the world, next to Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. The region’s heavy crude oil is mixed with clay, bitumen, and a good deal of sand — hence the name “oil sands.” This makes for a unique and energy-intensive extraction process that some scientists say produces three times the greenhouse gas emissions of conventionally produced oil. Environment Canada has said it expects production emissions from tar sands to hit 104 million tonnes of CO2 by 2020 under current expansion plans.

 

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KING 5.com

Earthquake Early Warning coming to Washington

by GLENN FARLEY KING5 News

Bio | Email | Follow: @GlennFarley

Posted on April 18, 2014 at 6:58 PM

Updated yesterday at 6:59 PM

 

SEATTLE –  It’s called “earthquake early warning” – a network of seismometers, computers and software  designed to work together to give people time to brace for earthquake shaking.

Scientists say think of it like lightning and thunder.  The further you are away from the lightening, the more seconds there are between seeing a flash and feeling the thunder.

If you’re sitting on top of the quake’s epicenter, there is no warning, but the warning will be longer the further you are from where the quake starts.

The University of Washington, Cal Tech, and the University of California at Berkeley have been working together for years bringing earthquake early warning to the West Coast.  Pieces of the system are starting to go into effect in the more active area of Southern California.

Washington faces a risk of bigger but less frequent mega-quakes off the coast that creates different requirements, but it should start seeing pieces of the system begin operating later this year, said state seismologist John Vidale, who also leads the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network based at the University of Washington.

“It’s about noticing earthquakes fast and telling people the shaking is on the way,” said Vidale.

 

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Earth Watch Report  -  Nuclear Event

Dresden Generating Station

Exelon Corporation  :  Dresden Generating Plant

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Nuclear Event USA State of Illinois, [Dresden Nuclear Power Plant] Damage level Details

 

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RSOE EDIS

Nuclear Event in USA on Monday, 14 April, 2014 at 04:45 (04:45 AM) UTC.

Description
Damage to an electrical transformer caused one reactor to shut down automatically at a northern Illinois nuclear power plant over the weekend. Unit 2 at the Dresden Nuclear Station shut down Saturday morning, and it remained offline on Sunday as crews worked to fix the damage. Dresden spokesman Robert Osgood says the problem is on the non-nuclear side of the plant. He says the plant responded as expected, and there was no safety threat. He says a second reactor is operating normally, and electrical customers will not be affected. The plant is in Morris, about 60 miles southwest of Chicago,

 

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NuclearPowerDanger

 

 Dresden 25 Mile Radius Fallout Map

Radiation Plume RatingThe center of this Toxic Plume is located approximately 60 miles southwest of Chicago, Illinois. This plume is produced by 2 reactors located at the Dresden Nuclear Power Plant site. The reactors that produce this plume have 1,734 Mega Watts of radiation generating power. There is a total of 1,050 tons of Highly Toxic Radioactive spent fuel stored at this Nuclear Power Plant. The Dresden Nuclear 1 reactor has been forced into permanent shut down, leaving the plant in a virtually unattended state. During one winter, this unit experienced containment flooding to the service water system, due to freeze damage. It was determined that a similar threat to Spent Fuel Pool integrity. Tritium leaks at the other units in this plant are treated with the same lack of concern that Nuclear Power corporations give all leaking radiation.

Dresden 25 Mile Radius Fallout Plume Map

 

 

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Earth Watch Report  -  Biological Hazards

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Biological Hazard USA State of Texas, [Swisher County] Damage level Details

 

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Biological Hazard in USA on Monday, 14 April, 2014 at 03:03 (03:03 AM) UTC.

Description
A Swisher County resident, in Texas’ Panhandle, is the Lone Star State’s first case of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) this year, the Texas Department of State Health Services announced Thursday. Health officials believe exposure occurred in a rodent-infested barn when dust was stirred up. They report has recovered from the viral infection. Hantavirus is a life-threatening disease spread to humans by rodents that has symptoms similar to influenza. Hantavirus is carried by rodents, especially deer mice. The virus is found in their urine and feces, but it does not make the animal sick. It is believed that humans can get sick with this virus if they come in contact with contaminated dust from mice nests or droppings. You may come in contact with the dust when cleaning homes, sheds, or other enclosed areas that have been empty for a long time. Hantavirus does not spread between humans. HPS has a mortality rate of 38% according to the agency.
Biohazard name: Hantavirus
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

 

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Hantavirus Case Prompts Precaution Reminder

News Release
April 10, 2014

The Texas Department of State Health Services offers precaution information after a Texas Panhandle resident recently developed hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, or HPS.

The person is a resident of Swisher County and has recovered from the infection. Exposure most likely occurred in a rodent-infested barn when dust was stirred up. This is the first confirmed case of HPS in Texas this year. One case was reported in the state last year.

Hantavirus is carried by certain species of rats and mice. The illness is rare. Infected rodents shed the virus in their urine, droppings and saliva. The virus can be transmitted to people when infected rat or mouse urine, saliva, droppings or nesting materials are stirred up, temporarily aerosolizing the virus, which can be breathed in by humans. HPS cases are frequently associated with spring cleaning.

DSHS recommends the following precautions.

  • Seal openings that may allow rats and mice to enter homes and workplaces.
  • Remove brush, woodpiles, trash and other items that may attract rats and mice.
  • Tightly close garbage cans, pet food containers and other food sources.
  • Wear protective gloves to handle dead mice and rats or to clean up nesting areas, urine or droppings.
  • Before cleaning up nests or droppings found inside, open windows and doors to ventilate the area for at least 30 minutes.
  • Do not stir up nests by sweeping or vacuuming. Dampen areas before cleanup.
  • Use a disinfectant or 1-to-10 bleach-water mixture to clean up dead rodents, nests, urine and droppings.

Early symptoms of hantavirus infection include fatigue, fever and muscle aches. These symptoms may be accompanied by headaches, dizziness, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Later symptoms include coughing and shortness of breath. If hantavirus is suspected, people should contact their health care provider immediately.

A total of 39 HPS cases have been confirmed in Texas since 1993, the first year it was reported, and 14 of those cases resulted in death.

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(News Media Contact: Christine Mann, DSHS Press Officer, 512-776-7511)

DSHS Press Office on Twitter

Last updated April 10, 2014

 

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Earth Watch  Report  -  Biological Hazards

H7N9 Virus Origin Diagram expanded

"This

This diagram depicts the origins of the H7N9 virus from China and shows how the virus’s genes came from other influenza viruses in birds.

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Biological Hazard China Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong Damage level Details

 

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RSOE EDIS

Biological Hazard in China on Monday, 14 April, 2014 at 02:59 (02:59 AM) UTC.

Description
The Hong Kong Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) is   investigating an imported human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) affecting a woman aged 85. The patient, with underlying medical conditions, traveled to Dongguan from April 4 to 5 with her husband and younger brother. They lived at their relatives’ home where their relatives have reared chickens. The patient also visited a wet market near their home there and helped in slaughtering chickens at home on April 4. She returned to Hong Kong on April 5, and developed fever, cough with blood-stained sputum and shortness of breath since April 11. She was sent to the Accident and Emergency Department of Tseung Kwan O Hospital (TKOH) by ambulance today and was subsequently admitted. She is currently managed under isolation and her condition is critical. Her respiratory specimen was positive for avian influenza A(H7N9) virus upon preliminary laboratory testing by the CHP’s Public Health Laboratory Services Branch today. This is the 10th imported human H7N9 avian flu case to date. Initial investigation revealed that the patient had visited her husband at Haven of Hope Hospital (HHH) on April 10 who was admitted due to other illness. Her husband has remained asymptomatic so far and is currently under observation at HHH. Apart from her husband, seven other family members of the patient are also considered as close contacts. One of them had sore throat since April 12 and his condition is stable. The other close contacts have remained asymptomatic so far. These close contacts will be admitted to hospital for observation and their respiratory specimens will be taken for preliminary laboratory testing. The CHP’s investigations and tracing of other contacts are ongoing. The patient’s brother who traveled to Dongguan with the patient, relevant healthcare workers, ambulance staff and patients who had stayed in the same cubicle with the patient’s husband at HHH are being traced for exposure assessment and medical surveillance.
Biohazard name: H7N9 – Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Status: confirmed

 

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Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Email this article news.gov.hk
Imported human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) under CHP investigation
*********************************************************     The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) is today (April 9) investigating an imported human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) affecting a woman aged 82.The patient, with underlying medical conditions, lives in Liwan, Guangzhou with her family. She has presented with cough with blood-stained sputum since April 7 but had no fever.

She came to Hong Kong with her two family members by car via Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point yesterday (April 8). Upon arrival, she was directly transferred to the Accident and Emergency Department of North District Hospital by ambulance and was admitted for further management under isolation on the same day. Her current condition is stable.

Her sputum specimen was tested positive for avian influenza A(H7N9) virus upon preliminary laboratory testing by the CHP’s Public Health Laboratory Services Branch tonight.

The patient has been transferred to Princess Margaret Hospital for isolation and treatment.

Her exposure history to poultry is under investigation.

The CHP’s investigations and contact tracing are ongoing. The patient’s family members in Hong Kong, relevant healthcare workers, ambulance staff and immigration officer at Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point are being traced for exposure assessment and medical surveillance.

“The Serious Response Level under the Government’s Preparedness Plan for Influenza Pandemic remains activated and the CHP’s follow-up actions are in full swing,” a spokesman for the CHP remarked.

This is the ninth confirmed human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Hong Kong. The CHP will notify the World Health Organization (WHO), the National Health and Family Planning Commission as well as health and quarantine authorities of Guangdong and Macau.

Locally, enhanced surveillance of suspected cases in public and private hospitals is underway. The CHP will continue to maintain liaison with the WHO, the Mainland and overseas health authorities to monitor the latest developments. Local surveillance activities will be modified upon the WHO’s recommendations.

“In view of human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) confirmed locally and in the Mainland, further cases are expected in affected and possibly neighbouring areas. Those planning to travel outside Hong Kong should maintain good personal, environmental and food hygiene at all times,” the spokesman urged.

“All boundary control points have implemented disease prevention and control measures. Thermal imaging systems are in place for body temperature checks of inbound travellers. Random temperature checks by handheld devices have also been arranged. Suspected cases will be immediately referred to public hospitals for follow-up investigation,” the spokesman added.

Regarding health education for travellers, display of posters in departure and arrival halls, in-flight public announcements, environmental health inspection and provision of regular updates to the travel industry via meetings and correspondence are proceeding.

The spokesman advised travellers, especially those returning from avian influenza-affected areas and provinces with fever or respiratory symptoms, to immediately wear masks, seek medical attention and reveal their travel history to doctors. Healthcare professionals should pay special attention to patients who might have had contact with poultry, birds or their droppings in affected areas and provinces.

“We have enhanced publicity and health education to reinforce health advice on the prevention of avian influenza,” the spokesman said.

As of 4pm today, the CHP’s hotline (2125 1111) for public enquiries has received 217 calls since the first confirmed human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Hong Kong.

Members of the public should remain vigilant and take heed of the preventive advice against avian influenza below:

* Do not visit live poultry markets and farms. Avoid contact with poultry, birds and their droppings. If contact has been made, thoroughly wash hands with soap;
* Avoid entering areas where poultry may be slaughtered and contact with surfaces which might be contaminated by droppings of poultry or other animals;
* Poultry and eggs should be thoroughly cooked before eating;
* Wash hands frequently with soap, especially before touching the mouth, nose or eyes, handling food or eating; after going to the toilet or touching public installations or equipment (including escalator handrails, elevator control panels and door knobs); or when hands are dirtied by respiratory secretions after coughing or sneezing;
* Cover the nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing, hold the spit with a tissue and put it into a covered dustbin;
* Avoid crowded places and contact with fever patients; and
* Wear masks when respiratory symptoms develop or when taking care of fever patients.

The public may visit the CHP’s avian influenza page (www.chp.gov.hk/en/view_content/24244.html) and website (www.chp.gov.hk/files/pdf/global_statistics_avian_influenza_e.pdf) for more information on avian influenza-affected areas and provinces.

Ends/Wednesday, April 9, 2014
Issued at HKT 22:18

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Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Email this article news.gov.hk
Imported human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) under CHP investigation
*********************************************************     The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) is today (April 13) investigating an imported human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) affecting a woman aged 85.The patient, with underlying medical conditions, travelled to Dongguan from April 4 to 5 with her husband and younger brother. They lived at their relatives’ home where their relatives have reared chickens. The patient also visited a wet market near their home there and helped in slaughtering chickens at home on April 4. She returned to Hong Kong on April 5, and developed fever, cough with blood-stained sputum and shortness of breath since April 11. She was sent to the Accident and Emergency Department of Tseung Kwan O Hospital (TKOH) by ambulance today and was subsequently admitted. She is currently managed under isolation and her condition is critical.

Her respiratory specimen was positive for avian influenza A(H7N9) virus upon preliminary laboratory testing by the CHP’s Public Health Laboratory Services Branch today.

Initial investigation revealed that the patient had visited her husband at Haven of Hope Hospital (HHH) on April 10 who was admitted due to other illness. Her husband has remained asymptomatic so far and is currently under observation at HHH.

Apart from her husband, seven other family members of the patient are also considered as close contacts. One of them had sore throat since April 12 and his condition is stable. The other close contacts have remained asymptomatic so far.  These close contacts will be admitted to hospital for observation and their respiratory specimens will be taken for preliminary laboratory testing.

The CHP’s investigations and tracing of other contacts are ongoing. The patient’s brother who travelled to Dongguan with the patient, relevant healthcare workers, ambulance staff and patients who had stayed in the same cubicle with the patient’s husband at HHH are being traced for exposure assessment and medical surveillance.

The CHP will liaise with the relevant Mainland health authority to follow up on the patient’s contacts during her stay in the Mainland.

“The Serious Response Level under the Government’s Preparedness Plan for Influenza Pandemic remains activated and the CHP’s follow-up actions are in full swing,” a spokesman for the CHP remarked.

This is the tenth confirmed human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Hong Kong. The CHP will notify the World Health Organization (WHO), the National Health and Family Planning Commission as well as health and quarantine authorities of Guangdong and Macau.

Locally, enhanced surveillance of suspected cases in public and private hospitals is underway. The CHP will continue to maintain liaison with the WHO, the Mainland and overseas health authorities to monitor the latest developments. Local surveillance activities will be modified upon the WHO’s recommendations.

“In view of human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) confirmed locally and in the Mainland, further cases are expected in affected and possibly neighbouring areas. Those planning to travel outside Hong Kong should maintain good personal, environmental and food hygiene at all times,” the spokesman urged.

“All boundary control points have implemented disease prevention and control measures. Thermal imaging systems are in place for body temperature checks of inbound travellers. Random temperature checks by handheld devices have also been arranged. Suspected cases will be immediately referred to public hospitals for follow-up investigation,” the spokesman added.

Regarding health education for travellers, display of posters in departure and arrival halls, in-flight public announcements, environmental health inspection and provision of regular updates to the travel industry via meetings and correspondence are proceeding.

The spokesman advised travellers, especially those returning from avian influenza-affected areas and provinces with fever or respiratory symptoms, to immediately wear masks, seek medical attention and reveal their travel history to doctors. Healthcare professionals should pay special attention to patients who might have had contact with poultry, birds or their droppings in affected areas and provinces.

“We have enhanced publicity and health education to reinforce health advice on the prevention of avian influenza,” the spokesman said.

As of 4pm on April 11, the CHP’s hotline (2125 1111) for public enquiries has received 217 calls since the first confirmed human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) in Hong Kong.

Members of the public should remain vigilant and take heed of the preventive advice against avian influenza below:

* Do not visit live poultry markets and farms. Avoid contact with poultry, birds and their droppings. If contact has been made, thoroughly wash hands with soap;
* Avoid entering areas where poultry may be slaughtered and contact with surfaces which might be contaminated by droppings of poultry or other animals;
* Poultry and eggs should be thoroughly cooked before eating;
* Wash hands frequently with soap, especially before touching the mouth, nose or eyes, handling food or eating; after going to the toilet or touching public installations or equipment (including escalator handrails, elevator control panels and door knobs); or when hands are dirtied by respiratory secretions after coughing or sneezing;
* Cover the nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing, hold the spit with a tissue and put it into a covered dustbin;
* Avoid crowded places and contact with fever patients; and
* Wear masks when respiratory symptoms develop or when taking care of fever patients.

The public may visit the CHP’s avian influenza page (www.chp.gov.hk/en/view_content/24244.html) and website (www.chp.gov.hk/files/pdf/global_statistics_avian_influenza_e.pdf) for more information on avian influenza-affected areas and provinces.

Ends/Sunday, April 13, 2014
Issued at HKT 22:39

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Earth Watch Report  -  Earthquakes

 photo Mexico-72magEQ4182014_zps80033ed4.png

6 earthquakes in map area  USGS

  1. M 3.1 – 14km WNW of Progreso, Mexico

     2014-04-18 12:44:32 UTC-05:00 9.7 km

  2. M 2.9 – 13km WNW of Progreso, Mexico

     2014-04-18 12:32:10 UTC-05:00 9.8 km

  3. M 4.3 – 94km SW of Tecpan de Galeana, Mexico

     2014-04-18 12:01:02 UTC-05:00 19.9 km

  4. M 7.2 – 36km NNW of Tecpan de Galeana, Mexico

     2014-04-18 09:27:26 UTC-05:00 24.0 km

  5. M 3.7 – 51km NNE of Camalu, Mexico

     2014-04-18 02:39:29 UTC-05:00 10.0 km

  6. M 3.0 – 33km ENE of Maneadero, Mexico

     2014-04-18 02:11:33 UTC-05:00 10.0 km

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Earthquake location 17.552°N, 100.816°W

 

Event Time

  1. 2014-04-18 14:27:26 UTC
  2. 2014-04-18 09:27:26 UTC-05:00 at epicenter
  3. 2014-04-18 09:27:26 UTC-05:00 system time

Location

17.552°N 100.816°W depth=24.0km (14.9mi)

Nearby Cities

  1. 36km (22mi) NNW of Tecpan de Galeana, Mexico
  2. 48km (30mi) E of Petatlan, Mexico
  3. 56km (35mi) NW of Atoyac de Alvarez, Mexico
  4. 78km (48mi) E of Zihuatanejo, Mexico
  5. 273km (170mi) SW of Mexico City, Mexico

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Tectonic Summary

The April 18, 2014 M 7.2 earthquake near the western coast of Mexico occurred in the state of Guerrero, 265 km southwest of Mexico City. The earthquake occurred as the result of thrust motion at shallow depths. The initial location, depth, and mechanism of the April 18 earthquake are broadly consistent with slip on or near the plate boundary interface between the subducting Cocos oceanic sea plate and the North America plate.
The broad scale tectonics of the west coast of Mexico are controlled by the northeastward subduction of the Cocos plate beneath the North America plate at a rate of approximately 65 mm/yr. Earthquakes are a common occurrence along the Middle American subduction zone; the April 2014 earthquake occurred just northwest of the rupture area of the 1957 M 7.8 Guerrero Earthquake.  Since 1975, 23 events of M > 6.0 have occurred within 200 km of the April 2014 earthquake, including events of M 8.0 and M 7.6 (September 1985), M 7.2 (October 1981), and M 7.5 (March 1979), all to the northwest. The 1981 and 1979 events caused 9 and 5 shaking-related fatalities, respectively. The 1985 M 8.0 earthquake, 195 km to the northwest of the April 2014 event, led to more than 9,500 fatalities, mostly in Mexico City, and generated small, local tsunamis. That event was influential in initiating efforts to establish earthquake early warning systems in Mexico City.
The April 2014 earthquake occurred within the “Guerrero Seismic Gap” – an approximately 200 km long segment of the Cocos-North America plate boundary identified to have experienced no significant earthquakes since 1911 (M 7.6). The plate interface in this region is known to be locked, with an earthquake of M 8.1-8.4 thought possible should the entire gap rupture in a single event.

 

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Instrumental Intensity

ShakeMap Intensity Image

 

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Magnitude-7.2 Earthquake Shakes Mexican Capital

VIDEO: The earthquake resulted in falling debris and panicked people in the streets.
Auto Start: On | Off

 

A powerful magnitude-7.2 earthquake shook central and southern Mexico on Friday, sending panicked people into the streets. Some walls cracked and fell, but there were no reports of major damage or casualties.

The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake at about 9:30 a.m. (10:30 a.m. EDT; 1430 GMT) was centered on a long-dormant fault line northwest of the Pacific resort of Acapulco, where many Mexicans are vacationing for the Easter holiday.

It was felt across at least a half-dozen states and Mexico’s capital, where it collapsed several walls and left large cracks in some facades. Debris covered sidewalks around the city.

Around the region, there were reports of isolated and minor damage, such as fallen fences, trees and broken windows. Chilpancingo, capital of the southern state of Guerrero, where the quake was centered, reported a power outage, but service was restored after 15 minutes.

In Acapulco, 59-year-old Enedina Ramirez Perez was having breakfast, enjoying the holiday with about 20 family members, when her hotel started to shake.

“People were turning over chairs in their desperation to get out, grabbing children, trampling people,” the Mexico City woman said. “The hotel security was excellent and started calming people down. They got everyone to leave quietly.”

The quake struck 170 miles (273 kilometers) southwest of Mexico City, where people fled high-rises and took to the streets, many in still in their bathrobes and pajamas on their day off.

“I started to hear the walls creak and I said, ‘Let’s go,’” said Rodolfo Duarte, 32, who fled his third-floor apartment.

Mexico City Mayor Miguel Angel Mancera said there were small power outages from fallen transformers but officials were working to restore the service.

The USGS initially calculated the quake’s magnitude at 7.5, but later downgraded it to 7.2. It said the quake was centered 22 miles (36 kilometers) northwest of the town of Tecpan de Galeana, and was 15 miles (24 kilometers) deep.

 

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Earth Watch Report  -  Volcanic Activity

Evacuations ordered as Peru volcano spews ash 4 km high

Evacuations ordered as Peru volcano spews ash 4 km high

Volcano Eruption Peru Moquegua Region, [Ubinas Volcano] Damage level Details

 

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RSOE EDIS

Volcano Eruption in Peru on Thursday, 17 April, 2014 at 03:28 (03:28 AM) UTC.

Description
The Scientific Permanent Monitoring Committee and the Peruvian have declared Ubinas volcano on orange alert, meaning that local communities have to be evacuated. The volcano, which has been active again since September last year, erupted March 31, giving off ash for one thousand meters. The 20 families living in Querapi were temporarily evacuated shortly after the eruption, but are yet to be permanently relocated to Pampas de Hawái. As well as residents of Querapi, people living in Tonohaya, also in Moquegua, and San Juan de Tarucani, Arequipa, also need to be evacuated. Civil Defense chief, Miguel Alayza said that they were waiting for the alert to go from yellow to the more serious orange before they could proceed. Regional president of Moquegua, Martín Vizcarra said that the volcanic activity would affect five thousand people in that area, while in San Juan de Tarucani, Arequipa, 637 families would be affected, according to El Comercio. Ubinas volcano is considered to be the most active volcano of Peru. Eruptions have been reported since 1550.

 

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RSOE EDIS

Volcano Eruption in Peru on Thursday, 17 April, 2014 at 03:28 (03:28 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Friday, 18 April, 2014 at 04:04 UTC
Description
Peruvian authorities have ordered the preventative evacuation of 4,000 people living near the Ubinas volcano, which has been spouting ash clouds up to 4 kilometres high. The Andina state news agency quotes Agriculture Minister Juan Benites as saying it will take three days beginning today to move the residents of two southern districts and their 30,000 sheep, cows, horses, burros and other animals. Peru’s health ministry says about 40 people have complained of eye inflammation and stomach problems from ash that has been falling from Ubinas since March 29. The 5,672-metre volcano is Peru’s most active. It most recent strong eruption period occurred from 2006-2009.

 

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Evacuations ordered as Peru volcano spews ash 4 km high

Evacuations ordered as Peru volcano spews ash 4 km high

PanARMENIAN.Net – Peruvian authorities have ordered the preventative evacuation of 4,000 people living near the Ubinas volcano, which has been spouting ash clouds up to 2 miles (nearly 4 kilometers) high.

The Andina state news agency quotes Agriculture Minister Juan Benites as saying it will take three days beginning Thursday, April 17, to move the residents of two southern districts and their 30,000 sheep, cows, horses, burros and other animals.

 

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Peru evacuates Ubinas volcano area after ash cloud

Footage shows huge clouds of ash escaping from Ubinas

Officials said it would take three days to move 4,000 residents and their livestock to safer grounds.

Ubinas, Peru’s most active volcano, recently began spewing ash clouds up to 4km (two miles) high.

An eruption of cinder and toxic gases in 2006 killed livestock and forced a similar evacuation.

 

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WHO: Ebola Death Toll Tops 120

Health workers walk in an isolation center for people infected with Ebola at Donka Hospital in Conakry, April 14, 2014.

Health workers walk in an isolation center for people infected with Ebola at Donka Hospital in Conakry, April 14, 2014.

VOA News

WHO says health ministries in Guinea, Liberia and other affected countries have reported about 200 confirmed or suspected cases of the virus.

The vast majority of victims are in Guinea, where officials have reported 168 cases, including 108 deaths. Liberia reports 13 deaths from the disease.

News reports Tuesday said Gambian authorities have ordered airlines not to pick up passengers from affected countries.

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The New Zealand Herald

The Gambia bans flights from ebola-hit countries

Health workers wearing protective suits walk in an isolation center for people infected with Ebola at Donka Hospital in Conakry, Guinea. Photo / AFP

Health workers wearing protective suits walk in an isolation center for people infected with Ebola at Donka Hospital in Conakry, Guinea. Photo / AFP

The Gambia has banned flights from Ebola-hit west African countries from landing in its territory, airport officials said.

Staff at Banjul International Airport said on condition of anonymity that President Yahya Jammeh had ordered airlines to cancel all flights from Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone in a bid to prevent the spread of the deadly virus.

“This decision by the Gambian authorities has left prospective passengers travelling to Banjul … stranded in these west African countries,” said an airport official, speaking on condition of anonymity.

“Brussels Airlines, which transits in Freetown from Europe, is only allowed to drop passengers there, but not pick anyone up.”

The outbreak in Guinea is one of the deadliest in history, with 168 cases “clinically compatible” with Ebola virus disease reported, including 108 deaths, since the start of the year, according to the World Health Organisation.

The outbreak began in the impoverished country’s southern forests, but has spread to Conakry, a sprawling port city on the Atlantic coast and home to two million people

Neighbouring Liberia has reported 20 probable or suspected cases, six lab-confirmed cases and 13 deaths.

Mali also had suspected cases but was given the all-clear on Tuesday after samples taken from patients tested negative for Ebola in laboratories, the health ministry told reporters in Bamako.

There was no official confirmation of the ban from the Gambia but AFP has seen a letter dated April 10 from the transport ministry notifying airlines of the measures while Sierra Leone’s government said it was in talks with Banjul over the issue.

It was not immediately clear if sanctions were being threatened against airlines or airport authorities for ignoring the ban.

“I went to the Gambia Bird (airlines) office in the Greater Banjul area to purchase an air ticket for my elder brother currently in Monrovia but was informed by the travel agent that they are not selling tickets to passengers travelling from Monrovia and Freetown,” Banjul resident Nyima Sanneh told AFP.

 

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