Earth Watch Report -  Volcanic Activity

Sinabung volcano erupts and spews hot smoke in Karo on November 10, 2013

Photo By Kharisma Tarigan Wed, Nov 13, 2013

Sinabung volcano erupts and spews hot smoke in Karo on November 10, 2013

13.11.2013 Volcano Eruption Indonesia North Sumatra, [Mount Sinabung Volcano] Damage level Details

Volcano Eruption in Indonesia on Thursday, 24 October, 2013 at 10:20 (10:20 AM) UTC.

Description
A volcano in western Indonesia erupted on Thursday, unleashing a column of dark volcanic material high into the air weeks after villagers were returning home from an earlier eruption, officials said. The explosion at Mount Sinabung, located in North Sumatra province, shot black ash 3 kilometers (nearly 2 miles) into the air, but there were no reports of injuries or damage, said National Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho. He said villages, farms and trees around the 2,600-meter (8,530-foot) -high rumbling volcano were covered in thick gray ash, prompting authorities to evacuate more than 3,300 people. Most were from two villages within 3 kilometers (nearly 2 miles) of the mountain in Karo district. No lava or debris spewed from the volcano, and nearby towns and villages were not in danger, but authorities warned tourists to stay away from the danger zone located 1.5 kilometers (1 mile) from the crater, Nugroho said. Last month, more than 15,000 people were forced to flee when the volcano rumbled to life after being dormant for three years, belching ash and smoke and igniting fires on its slopes. The volcano’s last major eruption in August 2010 killed two people and forced 30,000 others to flee. It caught many scientists off guard because it had been quiet for four centuries. Mount Sinabung is among more than 120 active volcanoes in Indonesia, which is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanos and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin.

Volcano Eruption in Indonesia on Thursday, 24 October, 2013 at 10:20 (10:20 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Monday, 11 November, 2013 at 11:43 UTC
Description
A joint team from the Indonesian Military (TNI), the National Police and the Karo administration has evacuated around 2,500 residents of Gurukinayan village in Payung district, Karo regency, North Sumatra, as Mount Sinabung continued to erupt, spewing volcanic ash, pyroclastic clouds and blazing lava, on Monday morning. The Karo administration reported no deaths, while all residents evacuated were located in a safe area, away from the dangers of the eruption in Kabanjahe. Karo administration spokesman Jhonson Tarigan said Gurukinayan residents were evacuated as the village, located only 4-kilometers from the volcano, was already blanketed by volcanic ash. Jhonson said the government did not want to take the risk by letting Gurukinayan residents stay in their village as volcanic ash unleashed by Mt. Sinabung had reached the area. “Mt. Sinabung’s strong eruption today unleashed volcanic ash, pyroclastic clouds and blazing lava, threatening residents in its nearby villages, including Gurukinayan. We evacuated them all,” Jhonson told The Jakarta Post on Monday. He further explained that Mt. Sinabung had erupted twice this morning, at 6:14 a.m. and at 7 a.m. local time. The first eruption, which was more powerful than the second, spewed volcanic ash 4,000-meters into the sky, followed by hot clouds and blazing lava that flowed as far as 1,000 meters from the peak of the volcano. Jhonson said Gurukinayan residents panicked when the first eruption occurred as the village was located outside the danger zone. “It was the first village beyond the 3-kilometer radius that was evacuated,” said Jhonson. “This shows Mt. Sinabung’s eruptions have become even worse as the volcanic ash has reached villages outside the danger zone.” Since the volcano’s initial eruption two weeks ago, the Karo administration has evacuated residents in five villages, four of which are located inside the radius of 3-kilometers: Bekerah, Mardinding, Simacem and Suka Meriah.

Volcano Eruption in Indonesia on Thursday, 24 October, 2013 at 10:20 (10:20 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Tuesday, 12 November, 2013 at 11:17 UTC
Description
As many as 4,300 residents in five villages in Karo regency, North Sumatra, were evacuated following increasing threats of volcanic ash, pyroclastic flows and molten lava, caused by Mount Sinabung’s strong eruptions on Monday. The recent evacuation was carried out on Monday when a joint team comprising personnel from the police, the Indonesian Military (TNI), and the local administration evacuated 2,500 residents in Gurukinayan village. Karo regency administration spokesman Jhonson Tarigan said residents in Gurukinayan were evacuated because the village, located around 4 kilometers from the volcano, was already covered in volcanic ash. Jhonson added that the government refused to risk allowing residents to remain in their homes as volcanic ash emitted by the volcano had reached the village. “Mount Sinabung again erupted strongly [on Monday] and discharged volcanic ash, pyroclastic flows and molten lava. The eruption threatened residents living in Gurukinayan, so we have evacuated them,” Jhonson told The Jakarta Post. He said the volcano erupted twice on Monday morning, the first at 6:14 a.m. and the second at 7 a.m. He added the first eruption was more powerful, spewing volcanic ash as high as 4,000 meters, followed by pyroclastic clouds and molten lava that flowed down the slopes of the mountain between 500 and 1,000 meters from the crater.

Jhonson said during the first eruption, volcanic ash reached Gurukinayan village and caused panic among residents. The village, he added, was not included in the danger zone as it is located beyond the 3-kilometer radius. Jhonson said residents from five villages had been evacuated following the first eruption two weeks ago. Four of the five villages are located within the 3-kilometer radius. They are Simacem, Bekerah, Suka Meriah and Mardinding, while Gurukinayan is located outside the 3-kilometer danger zone. “We have evacuated 4,300 people from the five villages,” said Jhonson, adding the evacuees were accommodated in a number of shelters in Kabanjahe, Tiga Nderket, Paung and Namanteran districts. Disaster Response commander Let. Col. Meyer Putong, who is also Tanah Karo Military Command chief, said the evacuees’ were in good condition. He added they were not allowed to return home until conditions improved. “Mount Sinabung erupts almost every day, so conditions aren’t safe for evacuees to return home,” Putong said, adding the emergency response status was still imposed. The Karo regency administration has declared an emergency response period following the increasing frequency of Mount Sinabung’s eruptions since Nov. 5.

The imposition of the emergency response period has forced evacuees, who are mainly farmers, to suffer losses. Their farms can no longer be tilled as they are covered by thick ash. North Sumatra Agriculture Office head M. Roem said farmers suffered losses of more than Rp 4 billion (US$345,930) due to the eruptions. “As many as 4,467 hectares of unattended farmland in Payung, Tiga Nderket and Namanteran districts are affected by the eruptions,” said Roem. He added that besides the 4,467 hectares of unattended farmland covered by volcanic ash, 3,440 hectares were also impacted by the eruptions, but they could still be cultivated by residents. The eruptions have also disrupted the supply of food commodities, in particular vegetables, from North Sumatra to several other areas in Sumatra, including Batam in Riau Islands. Karo is widely known for its agricultural products, such as potatoes and oranges, which are marketed to Jakarta and cities across Sumatra.

Volcano Eruption in Indonesia on Thursday, 24 October, 2013 at 10:20 (10:20 AM) UTC.

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Updated: Wednesday, 13 November, 2013 at 15:32 UTC
Description
More than 5,000 people have fled their homes in western Indonesia in recent days following a series of violent volcanic eruptions, an official said Tuesday. Mount Sinabung on the north of Sumatra island has been hurling out red-hot ash, rocks and torrents of glowing lava up to seven kilometres (four miles) into the air since the start of the month. Villagers from nearby Karo district are being evacuated as the volcano, which erupted in September for the first time since 2010, continues to spew ash and rocks. “So far, 5,265 people have been evacuated from seven villages,” local government spokesman Robert Peranginangin told AFP. “They were all very scared as the volcano has not shown signs of slowing down.” Although the government has called for people living within three kilometres (1.9 miles) of the volcano to be evacuated, Peranginangin said those living beyond the danger zone were also fleeing their homes. “They just don’t feel safe and are panicking. They prefer to stay in shelters, like mosques and churches,” he said, adding the number of evacuees was expected to go up. National disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said the volcano erupted again early Tuesday, spewing clouds of hot gas, although the eruption was smaller than on previous days. Indonesia has dozens of active volcanoes and straddles major tectonic fault lines known as the “Ring of Fire” between the Pacific and Indian oceans. In August five people were killed and hundreds evacuated when a volcano on a tiny island in East Nusa Tenggara province erupted.

Yahoo News

More than 5,000 flee erupting Indonesian volcano

This picture taken on November 11, 2013 shows villagers taking a military truck as they flee their homes to a shelter, at the Guru Kinayan village in Karo

More than 5,000 people have fled their homes in western Indonesia in recent days following a series of violent volcanic eruptions, an official said Tuesday.

Mount Sinabung on the north of Sumatra island has been hurling out red-hot ash, rocks and torrents of glowing lava up to seven kilometres (four miles) into the air since the start of the month.

Villagers from nearby Karo district are being evacuated as the volcano, which erupted in September for the first time since 2010, continues to spew ash and rocks.

“So far, 5,265 people have been evacuated from seven villages,” local government spokesman Robert Peranginangin told AFP.

“They were all very scared as the volcano has not shown signs of slowing down.”

Although the government has called for people living within three kilometres (1.9 miles) of the volcano to be evacuated, Peranginangin said those living beyond the danger zone were also fleeing their homes.

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