Earth Watch Report - Epidemic Hazards
|Today||Epidemic Hazard||United Kingdom||England, Manchester|
|A new virus related to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars) has been found in a patient in Britain who recently visited the Middle East and Pakistan. Officials have confirmed the patient was diagnosed with the coronavirus, which has infected ten people globally and killed five, and is receiving intensive treatment in a Manchester hospital. Britain’s Health Protection Agency (HPA) said in a statement it was providing advice to ensure the British patient was treated appropriately and healthcare staff were protected. ‘Our assessment is that the risk associated with novel coronavirus to the general UK population remains extremely low and the risk to travellers to the Arabian Peninsula and surrounding countries remains very low,’ the HPA said. Sars caused a global alert last September and the new virus makes the victim exhibit similar symptoms, including severe respiratory illness, fever, coughing and breathing difficulties. The bug was identified when the World Health Organisation (WHO) issued an international alert last September saying a virus previously unknown in humans had infected a Qatari man who had recently been in Saudi Arabia. People who have had contact with the patient are also being tracked to check on their health. Coronaviruses are typically spread like other respiratory infections, such as flu but the WHO has said it does not spread easily from person to person.|
|Biohazard level:||4/4 Hazardous|
|Biohazard desc.:||Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.|
By Kate Kelland
LONDON | Mon Feb 11, 2013 5:41pm EST
(Reuters) – A new virus from the same family as SARS that sparked a global alert last September has been found in another patient in Britain, health officials said on Monday.
The latest case of infection with the new virus known as a coronavirus brings the total number confirmed globally to 10, of whom five have died.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) said the latest infection was “a sporadic case” and did not alter the WHO’s risk assessment. It added, however, that the new case “does indicate that the virus is persistent”.
The British patient, who recently had traveled to Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, is receiving intensive care treatment in hospital in the city of Manchester, northern England.
The new virus, which the WHO refers to as novel coronavirus or NCoV, shares some of the symptoms of SARS, or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome – a coronavirus which emerged in China in 2002 and killed about a tenth of the 8,000 people it infected worldwide.
Symptoms include severe respiratory illness, fever, coughing and breathing difficulties.
- New SARS-like virus infects British patient in 10th case globally (news.yahoo.com)
- New SARS-like virus infects British patient in 10th case globally (timesofmalta.com)
- New SARS-like virus infects British patient in 10th case globally (dailystar.com.lb)