Extreme Temperatures/ Weather / Drought
SIOUX FALLS SD
CAPE FLATTERY TO CAPE LOOKOUT EUREKA CA MEDFORD, OR
FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE
RENO NV SPOKANE WA BILLINGS MT GLASGOW MT RAPID CITY SD BISMARCK ND BOISE ID POCATELLO ID ELKO NV PENDLETON OR
By Alex Sosnowski, Expert Senior Meteorologist
The ongoing drought has river levels along the Mississippi River plunging to very low levels this summer and could stall barge traffic in some areas into the autumn if rainfall does not come soon.
It was just last year when levels along the Mississippi River and many of its tributaries were close to record high levels. What a difference a year makes.
Falling river levels are not uncommon during the summer months in the central and eastern United States. However, the building drought over much of the middle of the nation currently has the mighty Mississippi running well below normal and levels in many areas are likely to fall through much of the summer, unless widespread rain comes.
River levels along stretches of the Mississippi were already beginning to cause minor problems below the Ohio River junction.
Very low water levels expose shoals, potentially putting river traffic at risk for getting stuck in the mud.
Sandbars have been exposed at Vicksburg, Miss.
Officials in some areas are considering one-way traffic along portions of Old Man River.
According to National Weather Service (NWS) Hydrologists river levels along parts of the Mississippi River are 30 to 50 feet lower this year, compared to around the same time last year.
While significant rain is forecast to fall by AccuWeather.com over portions of the Ohio and Tennessee river tributaries and in part of the Mississippi Delta in the coming weeks, a lack of rain will continue over the Arkansas, Missouri and Upper Mississippi rivers for much of the summer.
Barge traffic from near Cairo, Ill. to St. Louis could potentially be impacted, if river levels get much lower due to the lack of rain in areas north and west of the intersection of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers.
According to NWS Hydrologist Steve Buan, at the North Central River Forecast Office, “River levels over the Upper Mississippi River are not ‘yet’ extraordinarily low.”
Buan commented that heavy rain in recent weeks from around Minneapolis to southwest of Duluth was keeping the river levels from reaching extremely low levels to this point, but that could change if days of steady rain do not come soon or thunderstorms make daily visits to the upper part of the basin.
As of July 13, the river level at St. Louis is 5.3 feet and falling and is projected by NWS Hydrologists to dip to under 2.0 feet around July 20.
According to St. Louis Army Corps of Engineers Public Affairs Chief Mike Peterson, “At the low water reference point of minus 3.5 feet, a safety zone is established in the navigation channel and some restrictions by the United States Coast Guard may be put in place.”
The river bottom of the Mississippi is dynamic, always changing so that barge companies and pilots will police themselves until mandatory restrictions are in place.
“Officials will continue to patrol the river and may undertake dredging operations as necessary,” Peterson said.
The Mississippi River drains more than 40 percent of the United States and has the Arkansas, Illinois, Missouri and Ohio rivers as some of its major tributaries, all of which are experiencing abnormally low levels.
Compare the Mississippi River basin to the amount of real estate experiencing abnormally dry and drought conditions this summer.
River levels along the Mississippi as of July 13, 2012 include: 12.2 feet at Thebes, Ill.; 5.3 ft. at St. Louis, Mo.; 5.2 ft. at Vicksburg, Miss. and -4.8 ft. at Memphis, Tenn.
As a point of reference, on July 13, 1988, the river level at St. Louis was -1.0 ft.
Simply put, a negative river gauge reading can occur as the river bottom condition changes from natural causes or dredging.
Storms / Flooding / Landslides
LA CROSSE WI TWIN CITIES/CHANHASSEN MN PHOENIX AZ DES MOINES IA
|Active tropical storm system(s)|
|Name of storm system||Location||Formed||Last update||Last category||Course||Wind Speed||Gust||Wave||Source||Details|
|Emilia (05E)||Pacific Ocean – East||07.07.2012||13.07.2012||Tropical Storm||275 °||102 km/h||120 km/h||3.66 m||NHC|
|Fabio (06E)||Pacific Ocean – East||12.07.2012||13.07.2012||Tropical Storm||300 °||111 km/h||139 km/h||4.57 m||NHC|
LAS VEGAS NV BROWNSVILLE TX PHOENIX AZ JACKSON MS
LAS VEGAS NV SALT LAKE CITY UT SAN DIEGO CA PHOENIX AZ ELKO NV SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY - HANFORD CA FLAGSTAFF AZ HOUSTON/GALVESTON TX
HOUSTON/GALVESTON TX CORPUS CHRISTI TX JACKSONVILLE FL PEACHTREE CITY GA LAKE CHARLES LA DULUTH MN
|13.07.2012||Flash Flood||Japan||MultiProvinces, [Provinces of Kumamoto and Oita]|
|Updated:||Friday, 13 July, 2012 at 06:25 UTC|
|Exceptionally heavy rains have killed at least 19 people and flooded hundreds of houses on the southern Japanese island of Kyushu, the local authorities said Friday. The intense rainfall in certain areas of the prefectures of Kumamoto and Oita has attained levels “never experienced before,” the Japan Meteorological Agency said. In one part of Kumamoto, the equivalent of one month’s rain fell in the space of just eight hours early Thursday, according to the meteorological agency. Besides the 19 people who died — some of them in landslides and houses that collapsed — eight people are missing, according to information posted on the websites of the local prefecture offices and fire services. The violent rain has damaged 75 houses and flooded more than 500 in the two prefectures, the local authorities said. Evacuation orders were temporarily issued for tens of thousands of households as the Shirakawa River, which runs through Kumamoto City, began spilling over its banks. Helicopters plucked some residents from the roofs of their homes. Most of the evacuation orders had been lifted by Friday morning. Kyushu is the third largest island of Japan, located southwest of the main island, Honshu.|
|13.07.2012||Landslide||USA||State of Alaska, [Lituya Mountain in the Fairweather Range ]|
|Even by Alaska standards, the rock slide in Glacier Bay National Park was a huge event. It was a monumental geophysical event that was almost overlooked until a pilot happened to fly over where the cliff collapsed and snapped some photographs nearly a month later. When the cliff collapsed in the national park in southeast Alaska on June 11, it sent rock and ice coursing down a valley and over a lovely white glacier in what perhaps was the largest landslide recorded in North America. The rumbling was enough so that it showed up as a 3.4-magnitude earthquake in Alaska. The seismic event also was recorded in Canada. The massive landslide occurred in a remote valley beneath the 11,750-foot Lituya Mountain in the Fairweather Range about six miles from the border with British Columbia. “I don’t know of any that are bigger,” Marten Geertsema, a research geomorphologist for the provincial Forest Service in British Columbia, said Thursday, when comparing the landslide to others in North America.If someone had been standing in front of the slide, the air blast alone would have flattened that person, said Geertsema, who studies natural hazards resulting from geophysical processes on the earth’s surface. “I think they would be blown over by the air blast,” he said. Despite the extraordinary size of the landslide, which was estimated at a half-mile wide and 5 1/2 miles long, it went virtually unnoticed until air taxi pilot Drake Olson flew over it on July 2. The landslide, which rolled over the glacier, is not very noticeable to the thousands of cruise ship passengers that visit Glacier Bay National Park near Juneau each summer. That is because it is about 12 to 15 miles up the glacier from the bay. While this one was huge by North American standards, bigger ones have occurred, including a September 2002 landslide in Russia that extended for 20 miles, Geertsema said. Lituya Mountain has been the scene of extraordinary geophysical events before. In 1958, a landslide on the other side of the mountain produced a wave estimated at 1,700 feet.
One fishing vessel was able to ride out the wave. “They looked below them and they could see the tops of the Sitka spruce trees way below them. The other boat disappeared,” Geertsema said. Another boat with two people aboard disappeared. One of Olson’s photos of the June landslide shows a huge dent in the side of an ice-covered peak. Another shows a river of rock and ice that flowed out of a valley. The landslide triggered numerous avalanches. Glacier Bay National Park Superintendent Susan Boudreau said visitors to the 3.2-million acre park won’t notice anything different in the landscape this summer, but the rock and ice likened to a river of black syrup moving toward the bay is on the move. How fast it is moving is still the question, she said. “It is going to come down but we don’t know the speed of that,” Boudreau said. There are several factors that contribute to the likelihood of mountains collapsing, Geertsema said. Sometimes it is caused by a general weakening of the rock. Other times it could be due to a very large snowpack that melts quickly. Scientists also are looking at the role of climate change. “We are seeing an increase in rock slides in mountain areas throughout the world because of permafrost degradation,” Geertsema said. Permafrost is ground that stays perpetually frozen. Geertsema said Swiss scientists are becoming increasingly convinced that climate change is playing a role in the frequency of rock slides after looking at data from instruments measuring temperature and the widening and narrowing of gaps in the rocks in the Alps. “It plays an important role,” Geertsema said, of climate change. “I think we have been underestimating the role it might play.” Park ecologist Lewis Sharman said the landslide is a reminder of why Glacier Bay National Park is special. “These types of events to me are welcome reminders that this place is one of the coolest on earth,” he said.
|13.07.2012||Landslide||Canada||Province of British Columbia, [Johnson s Landing, Gar Creek region]|
|Industrial crews were trucking to the scene of a destructive landslide in southeastern British Columbia Thursday night to help search for four possible victims who may have been buried in a slide that rolled over three homes. A frantic search for the missing residents by emergency crews began shortly after 11 a.m. in the tiny community of Johnson’s Landing, 70 kilometres northeast of Nelson. Emergency officials said the three homes caught in the slide were “severely impacted” as the muck and debris gave way in a deluge from Gar Creek above the homes.The slide cut a large scar down the hillside, scattering trees like toothpicks and sending a torrent of mud into the nearby Kootenay Lake. It’s not yet known whether the people were in the homes swept up by the slide. “RCMP and search and rescue emergency responders on the site are trying to determine whether they were out of the community or in their homes. We don’t know that information,” said Bill Macpherson, a public information officer with Central Kootenay Regional District. “It is a very remote area, there is no cell service and we’re waiting to get back more definitive word,” he said of the unfolding situation.Seven workers were dispatched from nearby Castlegar to erect two towers of emergency lighting and two portable toilets so that rescuers can work as long as necessary. “From everything I can put together, it sounds like a fairly big slide – more than a piece of the roadway washing out,” said Kevin Chernoff, general manager of Trowelex Rentals and Sales. “It sounds like a piece of the mountain came down.” The crews are setting up in an area 20 kilometres away from ground zero. “The site is very congested and still very unstable,” Mr. Chernoff said. Multiple helicopters, two search-dog teams, under water recover divers, a landslide expert and a geotechnician have also been dispatched to the scene to help in the search and recovery effort. Mr. Macpherson couldn’t explain why the earth gave way. “It’s been sunny and warm, so (the slide was) somewhat unexpected,” he said. “I don’t have any cause or reason for why the landslide occurred.” The slide occurred at the end of the road on the north arm of Kootenay Lake. Last month, the lake reached its highest peak in 40 years due to heavy rainfall and accumulation of run-off. But Mr. Macpherson said at this point he doesn’t believe there’s any connection. An emergency operations centre is being set up in the city of Nelson.|
Epidemic Hazards / Diseases
|Updated:||Friday, 13 July, 2012 at 12:45 UTC|
|Cuban health officials recently announced that the number of confirmed cholera cases in the nation has risen from 85 to 110. Residents in Granma province, the area hit hardest by the outbreak, have been advised to avoid traveling in order to stem the outbreak. A dissident journalist in Santiago de Cuba, the island nation’s second largest city, recently reported that hospital workers informed him of eight cholera deaths in the city’s hospitals. Havana has only confirmed three cholera-related deaths and claims the outbreak has only spread outside of Granma province in isolated cases. On Monday, Granma-based epidemiologist Ana Maria Batista reported on provisional television that there were 85 cases of the waterborne illness. Within 24 hours, she upped the number to 110. She added that the number of reported cases of diarrhea and vomiting, the symptoms of cholera, rose by 308 to 4,415, but that those hospitalized with such symptoms fell from 112 to 81. Batista also repeated the government’s claim that the outbreak was fully under control. Independent journalist Walter Clavel said that doctors in Santiago said authorities were insistent on not attributing any deaths to cholera and had advised them to put anything else on victims’ death certificates.|
by Nancy Gohring
Seattle WA (SPX)
The temperature at which cows start producing less milk varies across the country depending on other factors like humidity and overnight temperature swings.
“Cows are happy in parts of Northern California and not in Florida” is a good way to sum up the findings of new research from the University of Washington, said Yoram Bauman, best known as the “stand-up economist.” Bauman and colleagues found that the decline in milk production due to climate change will vary across the U.S., since there are significant differences in humidity and how much the temperature swings between night and day across the country.
For instance, the humidity and hot nights make the Southeast the most unfriendly place in the country for dairy cows.
Their study combined high-resolution climate data and county-level dairy industry data with a method for figuring out how weather affects milk production. The result is a more detailed report than previous studies and includes a county-by-county assessment – that will be available to farmers – of the impact climate change will have on Holstein milk production in the U.S. through 2080.
Bauman, who contributed to the research while teaching for the UW’s Program on the Environment and is now a fellow at the Sightline Institute, will present the findings during this week’s Conference on Climate Change, held on the UW campus.
Scientists and the dairy industry have long known about and studied the impact of heat stress on cows’ milk production.
“Using U.S. Department of Agriculture statistics, if you look at milk production in the Southeast versus the Northwest, it’s very different,” said Guillaume Mauger, a postdoctoral researcher in the UW’s Climate Impacts Group and co-author of the paper. “It’s reasonable to assume that some of that is due to the inhospitable environment for cows in the Southeast.”
Previous research into how climate affects cow milk production in the U.S. was either limited in geographic scope or was too simplistic, ignoring the impact of humidity, for instance.
But by using detailed climate data covering night and day across the entire country, the researchers made some interesting discoveries. For instance, in Tillamook, Ore., where the climate is humid and the nighttime temperature doesn’t change much, milk production begins to drop at a much lower temperature than in the dry Arizona climate.
Tillamook cows become less productive starting at around 15 C, or 59 F, while those in Maricopa, Ariz., start making less milk at around 25 C, or 77 F. In humid Okeechobee, Fla., cows become less productive at about the same temperature but losses increase at a much faster rate than in Arizona.
Fortunately for cows in Tillamook, however, the temperature there doesn’t stray upward often and so actual milk losses are negligible, the researchers said. In Maricopa, the mean daily losses in summer, when the temperature soars, reach nearly 50 percent.
The authors also found that dairy farmers are already clustering in the most comfortable areas for cows, such as the cool coastal counties of Washington state.
But the outlook isn’t good for areas across the southern U.S. where cows are already less productive in the heat of the summer.
“Perhaps most significantly, those regions that are currently experiencing the greatest losses are also the most susceptible: they are projected to be impacted the most by climate change,” the researchers wrote in the paper.
Still, there’s a notable silver lining in the report. While the researchers project that dairy production averaged across the U.S. will be about 6 percent lower in the 2080s than at the start of the century, other factors are likely to actually boost milk production even more.
“Management practices and breeding are on track to double milk production in Holsteins in the next 30 or 50 years,” Mauger said. “So while a 6 percent drop is not negligible, it’s small compared to other positive influences.”
The research could be valuable to farmers looking to evaluate the cost and effectiveness of methods for keeping cows cool. “You can pick up dairy cows and truck them elsewhere,” said Bauman, who noted that ranchers looking to expand could make decisions based on climate.
The researchers plan to make the data freely available so that farmers can look up their counties and find how the climate may affect their cows.
The researchers hope next to look at the impact climate has on other barnyard animals, such as pigs, and other effects, such as mortality rate, that rising temperature might have on cows.
Other co-authors are Eric Salathe, an assistant professor at UW Bothell and member of the UW’s Climate Impacts Group, and Tamilee Nennich of Purdue University.
2MIN News July13: Is KESHE Legit?!?!?!?!
Published on Jul 13, 2012 by Suspicious0bservers
Keshe Foundation: http://www.keshefoundation.org/en/media-a-papers/keshe-news/316-the-world-pea…
Spaceweather: http://spaceweather.com/ [Look on the left at the X-ray Flux and Solar Wind Speed/Density]
HAARP: http://www.haarp.alaska.edu/haarp/data.html [Click online data, and have a little fun]
SDO: http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/ [Place to find Solar Images and Videos - as seen from earth]
SOHO: http://sohodata.nascom.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/soho_movie_theater [SOHO; Lasco and EIT - as seen from earth]
Stereo: http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/images [Stereo; Cor, EUVI, HI - as seen from the side]
SunAEON:http://www.sunaeon.com/#/solarsystem/ [Just click it... trust me]
SOLARIMG: http://solarimg.org/artis/ [All purpose data viewing site]
iSWA: http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/iswa/iSWA.html [Free Application; for advanced sun watchers]
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wsa-enlil/cme-based/ [CME Evolution]
NOAA Bouys: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/
RSOE: http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index2.php [That cool alert map I use]
JAPAN Radiation Map: http://jciv.iidj.net/map/
Gamma Ray Bursts: http://grb.sonoma.edu/ [Really? You can't figure out what this one is for?]
BARTOL Cosmic Rays: http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu//spaceweather/welcome.html [Top left box, look for BIG blue circles]
TORCON: http://www.weather.com/news/tornado-torcon-index [Tornado Forecast for the day]
GOES Weather: http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/ [Clouds over America]
INTELLICAST: http://www.intellicast.com/ [Weather site used by many youtubers]
PHYSORG: http://phys.org/ [GREAT News Site!]
A powerful solar flare was unleashed from a massive sunspot Thursday, blocking high-frequency radio communication in the Northern Hemisphere and producing the potential for auroras to rage across the northern United States.
The flare was rated as an X-class sun storm by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which is the most powerful type of flare the sun can have.
A giant sunspot facing Earth, named Active Region 1520 by NASA officials, discharged the flare around 12:50 p.m. EDT. Joining the solar flare that burst on July 6 from another giant sunspot region – AR1515 – it’s the second major solar storm to impact Earth in less than a week.
“The sunspot hasn’t produced a lot of activity since it’s been around, so the potential was there for it,” said AccuWeather Astronomy Blogger Hunter Outten.
Outten said the NOAA predicted a 15 percent chance for an X-class flare to occur today, with an 80 percent chance for an M-flare to occur, which is one level lower on the solar storm strength scale.
By 5:30 p.m. EDT, communications around the northern pole regions were still nearly impossible, Outten said.
According to the NOAA’s Space Weather Prediction Center, geometric storm activity could occur from the coronal mass ejection on Saturday, July 14, around 9 a.m. EDT, and the effects will be minor to moderate. CME particles are made up of solar plasma that damage Earth’s electrical grid.
The last major geometric storm occurred this year on March 6, producing an R3-level radio blackout from the CME’s particles. These storms also have the potential to create surges in power lines and jumble GPS information.
“This is something that is called long-duration, which we haven’t had since early March,” Outten said. “We can expect a pretty high geomagnetic storm.”
However, the storms will also have a beautiful effect on the atmosphere.
According to AccuWeather Meteorologist Mark Paquette, “it may be the most impressive [aurora] showing in years.”
Paquette said to expect the northern lights to extend across the northern U.S. over the next few nights. The farther north you live, the better chance you have to see them, he said, so those in Washington, northern Plains, northern Great Lakes, upstate New York and northern New England should keep an eye out.
“At least 50 percent of the United States could have auroras in their backyards,” Outten said.
In a possible preview of the light show to come, bright auroras have been dancing over Earth’s south pole. Robert Schwarz took this picture on July 12th from the grounds of the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station:
“Yesterday we had some of the best auroras I’ve seen,” says Schwarz.
Despite its high latitude, the South Pole is not always a good place to see the lights because it is often located in the “doughnut hole” of the aurora oval. July 12th was an exception: “Look carefully at the picture and you can see the actual Pole in the foreground” Schwarz points out.
NOAA forecasters estimate a 55% chance of strong polar geeomagnetic storms on July 14th when a CME is expected to crash into Earth’s magnetic field. More South Pole auroras could be in the offing.
|Object Name||Apporach Date||Left||AU Distance||LD Distance||Estimated Diameter*||Relative Velocity|
|(2005 NE21)||15th July 2012||1 day(s)||0.1555||60.5||140 m – 320 m||10.77 km/s||38772 km/h|
|(2003 KU2)||15th July 2012||1 day(s)||0.1034||40.2||770 m – 1.7 km||17.12 km/s||61632 km/h|
|(2007 TN74)||16th July 2012||2 day(s)||0.1718||66.9||20 m – 45 m||7.36 km/s||26496 km/h|
|(2007 DD)||16th July 2012||2 day(s)||0.1101||42.8||19 m – 42 m||6.47 km/s||23292 km/h|
|(2006 BC8)||16th July 2012||2 day(s)||0.1584||61.6||25 m – 56 m||17.71 km/s||63756 km/h|
|144411 (2004 EW9)||16th July 2012||2 day(s)||0.1202||46.8||1.3 km – 2.9 km||10.90 km/s||39240 km/h|
|(2012 BV26)||18th July 2012||4 day(s)||0.1759||68.4||94 m – 210 m||10.88 km/s||39168 km/h|
|(2010 OB101)||19th July 2012||5 day(s)||0.1196||46.6||200 m – 450 m||13.34 km/s||48024 km/h|
|(2008 OX1)||20th July 2012||6 day(s)||0.1873||72.9||130 m – 300 m||15.35 km/s||55260 km/h|
|(2010 GK65)||21st July 2012||7 day(s)||0.1696||66.0||34 m – 75 m||17.80 km/s||64080 km/h|
|(2011 OJ45)||21st July 2012||7 day(s)||0.1367||53.2||18 m – 39 m||3.79 km/s||13644 km/h|
|153958 (2002 AM31)||22nd July 2012||8 day(s)||0.0351||13.7||630 m – 1.4 km||9.55 km/s||34380 km/h|
|(2011 CA7)||23rd July 2012||9 day(s)||0.1492||58.1||2.3 m – 5.1 m||5.43 km/s||19548 km/h|
|(2012 BB124)||24th July 2012||10 day(s)||0.1610||62.7||170 m – 380 m||8.78 km/s||31608 km/h|
|(2009 PC)||28th July 2012||14 day(s)||0.1772||68.9||61 m – 140 m||7.34 km/s||26424 km/h|
|217013 (2001 AA50)||31st July 2012||17 day(s)||0.1355||52.7||580 m – 1.3 km||22.15 km/s||79740 km/h|
|(2012 DS30)||02nd August 2012||19 day(s)||0.1224||47.6||18 m – 39 m||5.39 km/s||19404 km/h|
|(2000 RN77)||03rd August 2012||20 day(s)||0.1955||76.1||410 m – 920 m||9.87 km/s||35532 km/h|
|(2004 SB56)||04th August 2012||21 day(s)||0.1393||54.2||380 m – 840 m||13.72 km/s||49392 km/h|
|(2000 SD8)||04th August 2012||21 day(s)||0.1675||65.2||180 m – 400 m||5.82 km/s||20952 km/h|
|(2006 EC)||06th August 2012||23 day(s)||0.0932||36.3||13 m – 28 m||6.13 km/s||22068 km/h|
|(2006 MV1)||07th August 2012||24 day(s)||0.0612||23.8||12 m – 28 m||4.79 km/s||17244 km/h|
|(2005 RK3)||08th August 2012||25 day(s)||0.1843||71.7||52 m – 120 m||8.27 km/s||29772 km/h|
|(2009 BW2)||09th August 2012||26 day(s)||0.0337||13.1||25 m – 56 m||5.27 km/s||18972 km/h|
|277475 (2005 WK4)||09th August 2012||26 day(s)||0.1283||49.9||260 m – 580 m||6.18 km/s||22248 km/h|
|(2004 SC56)||09th August 2012||26 day(s)||0.0811||31.6||74 m – 170 m||10.57 km/s||38052 km/h|
|(2008 AF4)||10th August 2012||27 day(s)||0.1936||75.3||310 m – 690 m||16.05 km/s||57780 km/h|
|37655 Illapa||12th August 2012||29 day(s)||0.0951||37.0||770 m – 1.7 km||28.73 km/s||103428 km/h|
Biological Hazards / Wildlife / Hazmat
|13.07.2012||Biological Hazard||Spain||Malaga, [Costa del Sol coast]|
|Updated:||Friday, 13 July, 2012 at 11:59 UTC|
|Red Cross representatives say they’ve been treating as many as 200 people a day for jellyfish stings on Spain’s Costa del Sol. The most common type of jellyfish found on the Costa del Sol, the Pelagia Noctiluca, are hard to see, as they’re less than 2 inches in diameter. Also sighted frequently are Rhizostoma Pulmo, which can be as much as about 3 feet in diameter and weigh more than 6 pounds. Thousands of people have been treated for jellyfish stings along the Costa del Sol. Some people have used nets to catch the jellyfish, Red Cross representative said. Officials in boats caught nearly 4 tons of jellyfish this week. Those stung by jellyfish should seek first aid on the beach, then go to a medical center, officials say. The officials say jellyfish stings should not be washed in fresh water. On Spain’s shores, jellyfish tend to wash up during periods of low rainfall and when there’s a sudden rise in temperature and a decline in the number of turtles, natural predators of jellyfish.|
|13.07.2012||Biological Hazard||Germany||State of Saxony-Anhalt, Stendal|
|An anthrax outbreak has left at least nine cows dead and 50 people on antibiotics in eastern Germany, authorities said on Friday. Experts fear the cause was infected dead animals buried where the cows were grazing. Police pulled one of the dead cows out of the Elbe river on Thursday. It had apparently fallen into the water after becoming separated from its 50-strong herd, which was being quarantined. The corpse floated some distance from Saxony-Anhalt into the neighbouring state of Brandenburg, where it was finally dragged out of the river by a team clad in protective gear. “The current of the river is so strong, that the chances of a human getting ill from going in the water are slim,” a spokeswoman for the Stendal area – where the herd was from. Chances of the bacteria being passed to other herds were also slim, said state vet Klaus Reimer. Transmitting the deadly spores was only possible through close contact, and the whole herd has since been isolated.|
While the exact cause of the outbreak remains unknown, Heinrich Neubaue, head of the institute for bacterial infection and zoonotic diseases at the Friedrich-Loeffler Institute, said that the most common reason was animals grazing in a field where animals with anthrax have been buried. Because anthrax spores can live for decades, there was a chance that they could make it up through the ground and into the air.Hoofed animals such as cows, sheep and goats are particularly susceptible to the bacteria, which can cause large sores, inflammation of the throat, nose and tongue, and often sudden death. An investigation will start on Monday to see whether dead animals are in fact buried where the affected herd grazed. In humans, the bacteria is most commonly contracted by those who work closely with animals. Some 50 people thought to have come into contact with the cows prior to the outbreak have now been put on preventative antibiotics. Approximately 2,000 people die of anthrax each year worldwide, according to World Health Organisation statistics. Symptoms in humans tend to be fever, swelling, discolouration of the spleen, but these can differ depending on whether a person has been infected through their skin, by breathing in spores, or ingesting them.Biohazard name:Anthrax (cow)Biohazard level:0/4 —Biohazard desc.:This does not included biological hazard category.Symptoms: Status:
|13.07.2012||Biological Hazard||Philippines||Barangay Paraiso in Milagros, Masbate [Bicol Region]|
|Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) Bicol director Dennis Del Socorro released a report that Red Tide toxin in contaminated shellfish has caused the death of a 5- years old child and caused 12 other residents of Sitio Bongcana, barangay Paraiso in Milagros, Masbate to be hospitalized from poisoning. In an effort to curb the transport of contaminated shellfish out of Milagros, BFAR reinstalled check points in main highways in Masbate province. Shellfish is a major fishery product in Milagros town. According to Del Socorro, since June 17 this year BFAR experts have conducted tests in sea waters of Milagros, revealing that Red tide toxin levels have increased by 282 uni-micro-grams in every 100 grams of shellfish meat that were tested. Although a more recent test confirmed that toxin levels decreased to 263 uni-micro-grams, still experts consider this fatal to humans who eat contaminated shellfish,. Meanwhile, BFAR has declared that neighboring waters of Mandaon, Masbate, Sorsogon Bay, and Juag Lagoon in Matnog Sorsogon are still free from Red tide.|
|Biohazard name:||Red Tide|
|Biohazard level:||0/4 —|
|Biohazard desc.:||This does not included biological hazard category.|
|13.07.2012||Biological Hazard||USA||State of California, [Palo Alto]|
|Bees in the cavity of a fallen tree gained the upper hand against a City of Palo Alto tree-removal crew on Wednesday afternoon, stinging the entire crew of five. The Public Works Department employees responded when a large, silver maple with extensive root rot fell down onto Newell Road. When they arrived, they found that a beehive in the tree’s cavity had been damaged, said city Urban Forester Walter Passmore. And the bees were furious. “The entire crew got stung at least one time per person. Some were stung multiple times. They looked like they got in a fight. They all paid the price for working for the City of Palo Alto,” he said. Workers were trying to cut up the tree, which was blocking the road in front of 2020 Newell. The city called a bee service to try to capture the hive; bees will generally follow the queen into a box if the portion of the hive where she is located can be removed. But Passmore said because part of the hive was broken the bees would not calm down. The hive eventually had to be exterminated, he said. Crews finished cleaning up the tree Thursday, July 12. Another large silver maple of about the same age is growing under the same conditions and is just 40 feet to the north of the fallen tree. It will be evaluated to make sure it does not pose a hazard, Passmore said.|
|Biohazard name:||Bees attack|
|Biohazard level:||0/4 —|
|Biohazard desc.:||This does not included biological hazard category.|
by Staff Writers
disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only
France said this week it is mobilizing emergency efforts to stop locust swarms in Africa’s Sahel from spreading farther into drought-stricken Niger and Mali.
The French Foreign Ministry said Tuesday it had released $1 million in emergency funding targeted to Niger — the country currently most affected — through a contribution to National Center for Locust Control in Mauritania.
Part of the funding will also go to help in a regional response to the locust swarms though an emergency fund set up by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization.
The latter effort will be aimed at surveying and controlling locust in Mali, where militant Islamists and Tuareg rebels have used the chaos created by the March overthrow of President Amadou Toumani Toure to seize control of the northern part of the country.
“Groups of desert locusts have been identified in recent weeks in the northern part of the Sahelian strip by the surveillance system set up by the countries of the region,” the French ministry said in a statement. “These groups were notably found in northern Niger and Mali where insecurity could hamper the necessary survey and control operations.”
The spread of this locust invasion to the southern part of the Sahel region, Paris said, “would have disastrous consequences, resulting in the loss of crops and the prospect of a worsening food crisis.”
The ministry said the swift mobilization of donors, notably France and the EU, “has already made it possible to cover, within a few days, the immediate needs, estimated by the FAO to be $2.5 million.”
“France will remain particularly attentive to developments in the situation in the weeks and months ahead.”
The Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Western Region, an inter-regional FAO committee working with 11 countries in North Africa and the Sahel, has indicated it plans to double its efforts to stop the plague, France24 reported.
Swarms were first spotted in northern Niger in May, but efforts to keep them from reproducing were hampered by the fact that heavy rainfall earlier in the year had created ideal breeding conditions.
Despite the control efforts, swarms of the insects are moving south into Niger’s agricultural breadbasket, where around 1.2 million acres of crops are at risk of being destroyed.
The unrest in northern Mali has meant FAO efforts to control the locust swarms from spreading there have been brought to a halt.
Swarms of immature locusts have invaded the Kidal and Aguelhok regions in northern Mali, sparking concerns the insects may devastate the country as it reels from drought, conflict, and the displacement of more than 360,000 refugees from the fighting, the United Nations has warned.
“It is difficult to know exactly how the situation is, as it is not safe to send scientific teams there,” Manda Sadio Keita, an FAO program officer, told the U.N. news service IRIN. “We cannot assess and fight locusts anymore.”
The government of Mali estimated in April almost 3 million people were living in conditions of food insecurity in drought-affected areas, while the FAO has since pegged the number at 1.6 million people throughout the regions of Gao, Kidal, Timbuktu and parts of Mopti, Voice of America reported.
Farming Today – Suppliers and Technology
|13.07.2012||HAZMAT||Canada||Province of Ontario, St. Catharines [Lion Dunc Schooley Pool, 32 Seymour Avenue]|
|Emergency responders and hazardous materials crews are on the scene at Lion Dunc Schooley Pool in St. Catharines where a large chlorine leak occurred Thursday afternoon, sending at least 12 people to hospital. Apparently, two chemicals mixed together, causing a reaction. The Niagara Health System reports six people are at St. Catharines General Hopsital, four in stable condition and two serious, while four more are at Greater Niagara General Hospital in Niagara Falls, all stable, and two more are on the way to GNGH. Initial symptoms include difficulty breathing. Police have blocked traffic to Seymour Avenue from Hartzel Road. The pool is located at 32 Seymour Ave. in Merritton. Donald MacLellan, was there with his seven-year-old niece, Vanessa, visiting the pool for the first time today. He said they were in the kids pool but were told to move to allow for the chlorine levels to be checked. “We were in the larger pool maybe three minutes and then there was a wave of it (cholorine),” he said, noting you couldn’t really see anything. “The smell – I tell you. I’ve breathed it in…. and you start choking,” he said.|
“It cuts your breath at first, then it seems to burn the throat and chest area.” He said it also caused a headache. MacLellan had left the scene as he and his niece are asthmatic and required puffers for their breathing, but when they saw the fire department respond they turned back and were treated. “It was closer for us to get to them,” he said. Firefighters provided oxygen for Vanessa, and the pair were later washed down by firefighters, who were decontaminating those affected. MacLennan said that by his estimate, there were about a dozen swimmers in the pool, along with four or five lifeguards. The area of Merritton area around the pool will be shut down for next three to four hours as gas is still leaking into the air. Emergency responders are also set up at St. Catharines General Hospital for a secondary decontamination before patients are admitted into the emergency rooms. Initial reports suggested police were preparing to evacuate residents in the area. However, they are being told to stay inside with their windows shut as a precaution. The pool will need to be drained and cleaned before it is used again.
Articles of Interest
By Meghan Evans, Meteorologist
“Manhattanhenge” occurs when the sun is perfectly aligned with the buildings of Manhattan, creating an incredible sunset. The term “Manhattanhenge” is due to the sundial appearance of the buildings shadows’ and the similarity to Stonehenge.
by Staff Writers
Bristol UK (SPX)
The cause of rapid sea level rise in the past has been found by scientists at the University of Bristol using climate and ice sheet models. The process, named ‘saddle-collapse’, was found to be the cause of two rapid sea level rise events: the Meltwater pulse 1a (MWP1a) around 14,600 years ago and the ’8,200 year’ event. The research was published in Nature this week.
Using a climate model, Dr Lauren Gregoire of Bristol’s School of Geographical Sciences and colleagues unearthed the series of events that led to saddle-collapse in which domes of ice over North America became separated, leading to rapid melting and the opening of an ice free corridor.
Evidence of these events has been recorded in ocean cores and fossil coral reefs; however, to date the reason behind the events was unclear and widely debated.
Ice domes up to 3 km thick (three times the height of Snowdon), formed in regions of high snowfall and higher topography, such as the Rocky Mountains. Together with the saddles – lower valleys of ice between the domes – these made up the ice sheet.
Towards the end of the last ice age, at the time of mammoths and primitive humans, the climate naturally warmed. This started to melt ice at increasingly high elevations, eventually reaching and melting the saddle area between the ice domes.
This triggered a vicious circle in which the melting saddle would lower, reach warmer altitudes and melt even more rapidly until the saddle had completely melted. In just 500 years, the saddles disappeared and only the ice domes remained.
The melted ice flowed into the oceans leading to rapid sea level rises of 9 m in 500 years during the Meltwater pulse 1a event 14,600 years ago and 2.5 m in the second event, 8,200 years ago.
Dr Gregoire, lead author of the study, said: “We didn’t expect our model to produce such a rapid sea level rise. We got really excited when we realised that the events we simulated corresponded to real events!”
In the model, Dr Gregoire found that saddle-collapse could explain a significant amount of the sea level rise observed: “The meltwater pulse produced by the saddle-collapse can explain more than half of the sea level jump observed around 14,600 years ago. The rest probably came from the progressive melting of ice sheets in Europe and Antarctica.”
This research not only identifies the process which caused the melting of the North American ice sheet and the trigger for rapid sea level rises in the past, but also increases our understanding of the nature of ice sheets and climate change, allowing further questions to be posed and, with more research, answered.
Research like this allows climate and ice sheet models to be tested against evidence from the real world.
If climate models are able to reflect patterns observed in natural records our confidence in them increases. This is particularly relevant where the models are also used to investigate the effect of climate change on ice sheets in the future.
The study was funded by the NICE Marie Curie Research Training Network and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), and the numerical model simulations were carried out using the facilities of the Advanced Computing Research Centre (ACRC) at the University of Bristol.
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